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Pursuing Meaning

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book examines some recent answers to the questions of how and where to draw the divide between semantics (roughly, features of the literal meaning of linguistic items) and pragmatics (roughly, ... More


Descartes on Causation

Tad M. Schmaltz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a systematic study of Descartes's theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument ... More


Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of essays on the problem of causation in seventeenth-century philosophy. Occasionalism is the doctrine, held by a number of early modern Cartesian thinkers, that created ... More


Introduction

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introduction is a summary of the themes of this book, which is a collection of previously published essays on the problem of causation in seventeenth-century philosophy. In particular, these ... More


The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Nicholas Jolley

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The concept of an idea plays a central role in seventeenth‐century theories of mind and knowledge. However, philosophers of the period were seriously divided over the nature of ideas. The Light of ... More


Cosmology in Early Islam: Developments That Led to al-Ghazālī’s Incoherence of the Philosophers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This chapter presents the two most important views about cosmology held by Muslims in the era of al-Ghazali. The first is the cosmology of the Ash’arite school of Muslim theology, which developed ... More


The Seventeenth Discussion of The Incoherence of the Philosophers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

The seventeenth discussion in al-Ghazali Incoherence of the Philosophers (Tahafut al-falasifa) has often been regarded as the locus classicus for an occasionalist critique of the concept of ... More


Matter, Omnipotence, and Our Idea of Necessity

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter's particular concern is to identify and describe the way in which Hume's discussion of our idea of necessity (T,1.3.14) is intimately and intricately related to a number of theological ... More


Providence and Predestination

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The chapter begins by offering an explanation of why Calvin chose in the 1559 Institutes to treat the doctrines of providence and predestination separately when they had not been considered ... More


Jonathan Edwards on God and Creation

Oliver D. Crisp

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755295
eISBN:
9780199979486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755295.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) is widely regarded as a philosopher and theologian of the first rank, sometimes even as “America's Theologian.” This study offers a major revisionist account of his views ... More


Surveying the Terrain

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces and defines the approach of semantic minimalism and contrasts it with the opposing approaches of indexicalism, contextualism, semantic relativism, and occasionalism. It argues ... More


The Scholastic Context

Tad M. schmaltz

in Descartes on Causation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers the medieval and scholastic context of Descartes's theory of causation. It starts with a brief account of the origins of occasionalism in medieval Islamic theology, and then ... More


Causation in Physics

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Descartes on Causation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter concerns the treatment in Descartes's physics of body-body interaction. There is an extended argument against an occasionalist reading of his physics, on which God is the only real cause ... More


Descartes and Occasional Causation

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It has been claimed that Descartes is an occasionalist with respect to body-mind causation, in addition to body-body causal relations. It is important, however, to distinguish the doctrine of ... More


Occasionalism and General Will in Malebranche

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the details of Malebranche’s account of divine activity in his occasionalism, and in particular his notion of divine general volitions. Contrary to a reading first ... More


Knowledge, Volitional Agency, and Causation in Malebranche and Geulincx

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some occasionalists argue that there is an epistemic or cognitive condition for causality, whereby in order to count as the cause of an effect one must know how to bring that effect about. Finite ... More


Dualism and Occasionalism: Arnauld and the Development of Cartesian Metaphysics

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the nature and extent of Arnauld’s commitment to occasionalism. It is argued that the Cartesian Arnauld, while not a thoroughgoing occasionalist, nonetheless used ... More


The Occasionalism of Louis de la Forge

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There seems to be some disagreement over the extent of La Forge’s commitment to occasionalism. This chapter considers La Forge’s arguments with respect to body-body relations, mind-body relations, ... More


Louis de la Forge and the Development of Occasionalism: Continuous Creation and the Activity of the Soul

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers some implications of an important argument for occasionalism used by La Forge (and Malebranche). If God, as La Forge’s “continuous creation” arguments runs, is required to ... More


Cordemoy and Occasionalism

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at the nature and extent of Cordemoy's commitment to occasionalism. It examines the particular arguments that Cordemoy uses in support of the doctrine, and clarifies the unique way ... More


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