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The Court Midwife

Justine Siegemund

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226757087
eISBN:
9780226757100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226757100.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

First published in 1690, this book made its author the spokesperson for the art of midwifery at a time when most obstetrical texts were written by men. More than a technical manual, it contains ... More


Introduction to Fetal Health and Mortality

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explains why the health and survival chances of the fetus are so important in developed economies today, since late-fetal is often higher than infant mortality, and it establishes the ... More


Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Robert Woods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book is a study of fetal health from the 17th century to the present day principally among European and American populations. It is a contribution to both medical and demographic research using ... More


Lister and Antisepsis

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the impact antiseptics developed by Joseph Lister had on mortality due to puerperal disease in England during the 19th century. It explores the evolution of Listerian antisepsis ... More


Midwifery and Fetal Death

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter is concerned with a new history of midwifery, how obstetric practice affected the health and survival of the unborn, and their mothers. It traces the development of scientific knowledge ... More


Fetal Pathology and Social Obstetrics

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

During the early years of the 20th century the pathologists held sway. Their detailed post-mortem examinations of fetuses promised to provide answers about causes of death. But the relatively small ... More


Frustration and Failure: The Scientific Management of Breastfeeding

Jessica L. Martucci

in Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scientific motherhood encompassed an interventionist, medical technology-driven model of maternal and child care that rested upon the expertise of scientifically-trained professionals as authorities ... More


Obstetric Haemorrhage

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses obstetric haemorrhage, one of the main causes of maternal mortality in history. Obstetric haemorrhage can be very sudden, unexpected, and alarmingly copious, and anyone who has ... More


Abortion

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses abortion, one of the main causes of maternal death in history. It examines abortion and abortion-related deaths in the U.S., Soviet Union, Great Britain, and other European ... More


The Eighteenth Century and the Origins of Man-Midwifery

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the features of midwifery in England during the 18th century, which form the essential foundation to understanding maternal care and maternal mortality in the 19th century. The ... More


Maternal Care in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the condition of maternal care in Great Britain during the 19th century. During this period, there was an immense obstetric literature and a multitude of new obstetric ... More


The American Midwife

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0019
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of American midwives during the early 20th century. American midwives were so diverse socially and professionally that they are difficult to define and impossible ... More


Attitudes to Childbirth and the Problem of Pain

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0021
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the changes in the attitudes towards childbirth and the problem of pain during labour. During the 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries, childbirth was considered a ... More


Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Selected European Countries

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0027
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the levels and trends in maternal care and mortality in certain European countries. It suggests that maternal mortality rates in certain European countries, particularly in ... More


Reproduction and Its Discontents in Mexico: Childbirth and Contraception from 1750 to 1905

Nora E. Jaffary

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469629391
eISBN:
9781469629421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629391.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In this history of childbirth and contraception in Mexico, Nora E. Jaffary chronicles colonial and nineteenth-century beliefs and practices surrounding conception, pregnancy and its prevention, and ... More


Safe Mothers, Healthy Babies: Reproductive Health in the Twentieth Century

Milton Kotelchuck

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The decline of infant and maternal mortality represents one of the greatest public health achievements of the 20th century. From 1900 through 2000, infant mortality in the United States declined ... More


Entry and prominence in a sacred profession

Barbara Rogoff

in Developing Destinies: A Mayan Midwife and Town

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195319903
eISBN:
9780199893744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319903.003.0083
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chona's assistance in a birth when she was about seventeen was by chance—she happened to visit a neighbor who was in labor and whose midwife had not arrived. The neighbor begged Chona to deliver the ... More


Birth as an American Rite of Passage

Robbie Davis-Floyd

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520229327
eISBN:
9780520927216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229327.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Why do so many American women allow themselves to become enmeshed in the standardized routines of technocratic childbirth—routines that can be insensitive, unnecessary, and even unhealthy? This book ... More


Competence and Care

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good

in American Medicine: The Quest for Competence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520088962
eISBN:
9780520922037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520088962.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Although, in Coast Community, all branches of medical practice experienced challenges and transformations, the practice of obstetrics became a focus for innovation, heavily influenced by “gendered ... More


The Dutch Obstetrical System: Vanguard of the Future in Maternity Care

Raymond De Vries, Therese A. Wiegers, Beatrijs Smulders, and Edwin Van Teijlingen

in Birth Models That Work

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248632
eISBN:
9780520943339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248632.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The singularity of the Dutch maternity care system has made it a model for all those who seek to slow or reverse the march toward the medicalization of birth found in the developed world. This ... More


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