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Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Abdulaziz Sachedina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book undertakes to correlate practical ethical decisions in modern medical practice to principles and rules derived from Islamic juridical praxis and theological doctrines. This study links ... More


Conclusion

Anthony Rudd

in Kierkegaard and the Limits of the Ethical

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752189
eISBN:
9780191695063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752189.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book has now followed Søren Kierkegaard's account of the progress through the stages of life. It has also discussed and endorsed its polemic against objectivism. The book is hoping that it has ... More


Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Shaun Nichols

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This volume develops a new account of the nature of moral judgment. Evidence from developmental psychology and psychopathologies suggests that emotions play a crucial role in normal moral judgment. ... More


The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explores the metaphysical question of the relation between reality and human perceptions, thoughts and beliefs with reference to colours. Posits an absolute independent reality of which knowledge is ... More


Non‐Objectivism and Internal Realism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the non-objectivist position. The non-objectivist argument emerges from an immanent, transcendental placing of the various ways in which we conceive of different areas of ... More


Is Universalism Ethnocentric?

Martin Hollis

in Multicultural Questions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296102
eISBN:
9780191599583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829610X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Martin Hollis (in one of his last writings before his untimely death) opens up the first section, Is Universalism Ethnocentric?, with a fiery defence of Enlightenment universalism and an attack on ... More


Ethics and Global Strategy

Andrew Inkpen and Kannan Ramaswamy

in Global Strategy: Creating and Sustaining Advantage across Borders

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167207
eISBN:
9780199789825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167207.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the issues surrounding global strategy and the ethical dimensions of competing across borders. As globalization continues, managers will find that incorporating international ... More


Moral Perception

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We can see a theft, hear a lie, and feel a stabbing. These are morally important perceptions. But are they also moral perceptions—distinctively moral responses? This book develops an original account ... More


Epistemic Relativism and Reasonable Disagreement

Alvin I. Goldman

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there is a plausible though non-standard conception of epistemic relativism under which relativism is compatible with objectivism or absolutism. The key element of this ... More


  Personal Knowledge: 1948–1959

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In view of his work in the humanities, Polanyi was transferred from the Chemistry Department at the University of Manchester to a chair in the Faculty of Economics and Social Studies in 1948. Thanks ... More


Objectivity in Law

Nicos Stavropoulos

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258995
eISBN:
9780191681899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258995.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The question of objectivity in legal interpretation has emerged in recent years as an important topic in contemporary jurisprudence. This book addresses the issue of how and in what sense legal ... More


The Intersubjective Worlds of Science and Religion

Alan B. Wallace

in Science, Religion, and the Human Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195175325
eISBN:
9780199784707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195175328.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the possibility of intersubjective truth in science and religion to present an alternative to metaphysical realism on the one hand, and relativism and constructivism on the other. ... More


AN OBJECTIVE REQUIREMENT?

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter the fact that desires have a direction of fit which is opposite to that of beliefs is employed to suggest that objectivism with respect to reasons for desire is implausible. Because ... More


Commonsense Objectivism and the Persistence of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers maintain that common sense is committed to a kind of moral objectivism. This chapter exploits recent empirical work to defend this claim. The chapter also maintains that the account ... More


INTRODUCTION: SUBJECTIVISM AND OBJECTIVISM

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explains some distinctions which are central in the theory of practical reasons and value, namely the distinction between objectivism and subjectivism, and the distinction between ... More


Goals, Tasks, and Theories

Steven J. Burton

in Elements of Contract Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337495
eISBN:
9780199868650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337495.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter gives an overview of the book's structure, which emphasizes the goals, tasks, and theories of contract interpretation. There are four main goals: implementing freedom of and freedom from ... More


Four Dimensions of the Scientific Tradition

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Since the Scientific Revolution, claims have been made about science and on behalf of science that include not only scientific but philosophical and theological assertions. When such a wide range of ... More


Theological Impulses in the Scientific Revolution

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The seeds of scientific materialism can be found in early Hebrew and Greek religious and philosophical beliefs dating from the 6th century bce or possibly earlier. Scientific realism, an integral ... More


Welfare and Subjectivity

L. W. Sumner

in Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Models of the good life (for human beings) are as old as philosophy itself. In the western tradition extending from the Greeks to the present day, ideals which have attracted support have invoked a ... More


Storytracking the Arrernte through the Academic Bush

Sam D. Gill

in Storytracking: Texts, Stories, and Histories in Central Australia

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195115871
eISBN:
9780199853427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115871.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Existence of academies aims to bridge the gap between actuality and people's comprehension of it, but it is important to note that the reality of academic institutions is made possible by the ... More


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