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Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Miranda Fricker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justice is one of the oldest and most central themes of philosophy, but sometimes we would do well to focus instead on injustice. In epistemology, the very idea that there is a first-order ethical ... More


Breasted Experience: *: The Look and the Feeling

Iris Marion Young

in On Female Body Experience: “Throwing Like a Girl” and Other Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195161922
eISBN:
9780199786664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161920.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay explores some aspects of the cultural construction of breasts in a male-dominated society, seeking a positive women’s voice for breasted experience. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


Original Significances: The Wrong Revisited

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Two kinds of silence caused by testimonial injustice are identified: that of pre-emptive testimonial injustice, where the prejudice against the speaker's social type operates in advance to prevent ... More


Marriage, Sex, and Morals

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines three of the most influential defenses of marriage; each holds that marriage is the sole permissible context for sex and the unique context for achieving certain goods. Kant ... More


Modesty as a Feminist Sexual Virtue

Anne Barnhill

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Sexual modesty is a feminist sexual virtue—in one sense, but not another. There are at least two distinct kinds of feminist sexual virtues: first, character traits that allow individual sexual ... More


What’s Wrong with the (Female) Nude?: A Feminist Perspective on Art and Pornography

A. W. Eaton

in Art and Pornography: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609581
eISBN:
9780191746260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609581.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

Insofar as erotic art and in particular the female nude makes male dominance and female subordination and objectification sexy, this chapter argues, it eroticizes the traditional gender hierarchy and ... More


Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Rae Langton

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book collects together fifteen chapters on pornography and objectification. Arguments from uncontroversial liberal premises are shown to yield controversial feminist conclusions that pornography ... More


‘Redemption’ or ‘Delegitimization’? The Artist on Trial in The Master of Petersburg

Patrick Hayes

in J.M. Coetzee and the Novel: Writing and Politics after Beckett

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199587957
eISBN:
9780191723292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587957.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

What, if anything, guarantees that literature is serious? How, for instance, can we be sure that the representation of the erotic in a work of literature offers us more than the kinds of ... More


Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Uri McMillan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In Embodied Avatars, Uri McMillan zeroes in on a counterintuitive claim: by performing objecthood—or transforming themselves into art objects —black women preserved their subjectivity. Tracing a ... More


Duty and Desolation

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Kant put objectification on the moral map: we should not treat each other as ‘means’, instruments, tools. Kant's correspondence with Maria von Herbert offers a real life illumination: how lying and ... More


Autonomy‐Denial in Objectification

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

What is objectification? Nussbaum proposes a cluster concept, seven ways to ‘treat’ someone as an ‘object’. Autonomy-denial and instrumentality form the core. This chapter responds, distinguishing ... More


Projection and Objectification

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Autonomy-denial and desire-driven projection have been crucial ideas for feminists, a liberal camp focusing on the former, a continental on the latter. Both ideas get labeled ‘objectification’, in ... More


Feminism in Epistemology: Exclusion and Objectification

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Feminism's questioning of prejudice is continuous with philosophical method (Descartes, Astell, le Doeuff). Feminism contributes to epistemology by identifying sins of omission: women get left out, ... More


Sexual Solipsism

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

If solipsism is false but believed, the agent treats people as things (objectification). If solipsism is true but not believed, the agent treats things as people (projective animation). These two ... More


Introduction

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Solipsism involves going on as if you are the only person. Traditionally viewed as a morally neutral problem in epistemology (Descartes), it can also emerge as the morally loaded problem of ... More


Introduction

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

The introduction presents the approach. This book argues that mountains, far from being a given of nature on which these representations and imaginaries come to be grafted, deserves to be studied as ... More


The Wrongness of Rape

John Gardner

in Offences and Defences: Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239351
eISBN:
9780191716959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239351.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers why rape is a moral and legal wrong. It confronts and rejects the suggestion that rape is wrong because of the bad experience of being raped. It also confronts and rejects the ... More


What’s So Special about the Body?

Anne Phillips

in Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter expands on the difficulties in claiming the body as special and addresses some of the arguments for and against claiming it as property, before laying out the general grounds of the ... More


Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Sally Haslanger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Contemporary theorists use the term “social construction” with the aim of exposing how what's purportedly “natural” is often at least partly social and, more specifically, how this masking of the ... More


The Synthesis of Kantian and Aristotelian Ethics (1844)

Philip J. Kain

in Marx and Ethics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239321
eISBN:
9780191679896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239321.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how Karl Marx reconciles his Aristotelian concept of essence with his Kantian concept of a categorical imperative. First, the concepts of community, consciousness, and ... More


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