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Social Determinants of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the empirical evidence detailing associations between selected social determinants and obesity. It also discusses measurement strategies for the various social determinants ... More


Introduction to Obesity Epidemiology

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins by recounting the historical developments of epidemiologic methods and obesity research. It then discusses epidemiologic models of obesity and domains of obesity ... More


Obesity and Cancer

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the link between obesity and cancer. Topics covered include epidemiology of adiposity and cancer risk, effects of adiposity on cancer outcomes, and methodologic issues. Further ... More


Genetic Predictors of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of the genetic factors underlying monogenic and syndromic forms of obesity. It describes the genetics of common obesity, with a particular focus on results from ... More


Economic Costs of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the economic costs of obesity. There is overwhelming evidence that excess weight is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Current estimates of economic expenses ... More


Obesity and Health-Related Quality of Life

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses obesity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). HRQOL is a multidimensional construct that reflects how a person subjectively evaluates his/her own well-being in the ... More


Developmental Origins of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on pre- and perinatal factors that determine obesity and its consequences later on in life. Topics discussed include measurement of obesity in young children, developmental ... More


Obesity and Mortality

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by discussing methodological issues in analyses of obesity and mortality. It then reviews recent literature on obesity and mortality, paying special attention to body fat ... More


Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiologic studies on the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and obesity, focusing on the role of increasing physical activity in preventing ... More


Sleep Deprivation and Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews potential mechanisms by which sleep duration may impact weight regulation. It summarizes the epidemiologic data supporting an association between sleep and obesity, and discusses ... More


Metabolic and Hormonal Predictors of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiologic studies on metabolic and hormonal predictors of obesity. It focuses primarily on prospective cohort studies, first discussing metabolic predictors, including ... More


Gene-Environment Interactions and Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses several aspects of gene-environment interactions, beginning with conceptual and statistical models, followed by various study designs for identifying gene-environment ... More


Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by reviewing current evidence on the relationship between obesity and coronary heart disease (CHD), paying special attention to the effects of moderate overweight, body fat ... More


Metabolic Consequences of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the links between obesity and individual components of the metabolic syndrome as well as underlying biological mechanisms, such as insulin resistance, systemic inflammation, and ... More


Predictors and Consequences of Childhood Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the predictors and consequences of childhood obesity. Topics covered include predictors of obesity, diet and weight gain, and eating patterns. The physical, social, and ... More


Measurements of Adiposity and Body Composition

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the “reference” body-composition methods, including underwater weighing, dilution methods, whole-body potassium counting, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry ... More


Diet, Nutrition, and Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter briefly reviews evidence from epidemiologic studies and clinical trials regarding the effects of macronutrients on body weight. It then describes epidemiologic studies with respect to ... More


Dietary Assessment Methods

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by discussing the strengths and limitations of various dietary assessment methods—24-hour recall, food records, diet history, food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs), and ... More


Physical Activity Measurements

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by discussing conceptual definitions and the multidimensional aspects of physical activity and exercise. It then describes self-reported methods and monitoring devices for ... More


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