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Biogeochemical processes in high-latitude lakes and rivers

W. Berry Lyons and Jacques C. Finlay

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Polar aquatic ecosystems are excellent laboratories for biogeochemical research. The polar regions are among the least modified by human activities, so there are opportunities to study biogeochemical ... More


Organism interactions and soil processes

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how the activities of soil biota, especially their trophic interactions, influence the processes of decomposition and nutrient cycling, and examines the significance of this ... More


Meadows and Deserts of the Sea: On the Elusive Concept of Ocean Productivity

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses ocean productivity, focusing on the factors controlling primary production. It describes the basic principle of nutrient cycling and estimates sea productivity based on ... More


Theories

Walter K. Dodds

in Laws, Theories, and Patterns in Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260405
eISBN:
9780520944541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260405.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the ecological theories built from the proposed ecological laws. It focuses on theories influencing major subdisciplines of ecology starting with physiological ecology, then ... More


Nutrient Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling by Birds

Motoko S. Fujita and Kayoko O. Kameda

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, we explore birds as drivers of nutrient dynamics across ecosystems. For example, seabirds transport nutrients from pelagic regions to land areas. We explain why nutrient transport by ... More


Landscape Effects on Ecosystem Structure and Function

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Landscape ecosystem ecology is concerned with the study of how landscape structure affects ecosystem structure and function, and how landscape heterogeneity in turn is generated or sustained by the ... More


Wetland Functions

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands play important functions in ecosystems, mainly through the capture and transfer of energy involving plants, animals, and microorganisms. Wetland functions range from primary production to ... More


The Biology of Peatlands

Hakan Rydin and John K Jeglum

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands form intriguing landscape elements in large parts of the world and play important roles for biodiversity and for the atmospheric carbon balance. The Biology of Peatlands begins with an ... More


Procellariiform extinctions in the Holocene: threat processes and wider ecosystem-scale implications

R. Paul Scofield

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Procellariiformes — the order of oceanic tube-nosed seabirds that includes the albatrosses, petrels, and shearwaters — are an ancient group that has survived comparatively unchanged since the ... More


Wetland Ecosystem Processes

Robert G. Wetzel

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By definition, the water table of wetlands is near, at, or above the hydrosoil (sediment) surface. These changing hydrologic conditions are primary drivers of nutrient fluxes in the sediments and all ... More


Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery

Stuart A. Grandy, Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, and Sharon A. Billings

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter applies ecological theory to examine long-term soil dynamics. It develops ideas about soil recovery from disturbance as a means to guide future investigations of soil resilience as ... More


Recovery of Ecosystem Functions during Forest Regeneration

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines recovery of carbon and nutrient stocks and hydrological functions in regenerating tropical forests. Rates of recovery depend on many factors including soil fertility, soil ... More


Nutrient Relations of the Herbaceous Layer in Deciduous Forest Ecosystems

Robert N. Muller

in The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837656
eISBN:
9780190267865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the attributes of deciduous forest herbs that significantly contribute to ecosystem-level nutrient dynamics. It attempts to distinguish among characteristics that are unique to ... More


Structure and function in communities

Nico M. van Straalen and Dick Roelofs

in An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199594689
eISBN:
9780191774812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594689.003.0101
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with an account of the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning synthetic framework, the theory in which ecologists have formulated a range of hypotheses about the relationship ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from the perspective of water, energy, and matter flows through ecosystems, particularly forests. Data from the network of eddy flux ... More


Ecosystem consequences of behavioural plasticity and contemporary evolution

Eric P. Palkovacs and Christopher M. Dalton

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the role of animal behaviour as a critical link between human activity and ecosystem processes. It explores the impacts of behavioural trait changes on ecosystems, and describes ... More


Nutrients, light, and temperature

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602995
eISBN:
9780191810138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602995.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines how nutrients, light, and temperature vary within and among different types of peatlands. It first explains the importance of nutrient cycling in the growth and metabolism of ... More


Long- and Short-Term Changes in Nutrient Availability Following Commercial Sawlog Harvest via Cable Logging

Jennifer D. Knoepp, Wayne T. Swank, and Bruce L. Haines

in Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem: Clearcutting in the Southern Appalachians

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370157
eISBN:
9780190267933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370157.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines changes in nutrient availability in Watershed 7 (WS 7) immediately following and for 22 years after harvest. Researchers measured several indices of nutrient availability and ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The need to mitigate anthropogenic carbon emissions and to understand the impacts of the pervasive enrichment of natural systems with nitrogen and other nutrients has brought a new urgency to studies ... More


Biotic Interactions and Ecosystem Functioning

Nicola P. Randall and Barbara Smith

in The Biology of Agroecosystems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198737520
eISBN:
9780191800948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198737520.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces different functional groups and their role in agroecosystems and in provision of ecosystem services. Examples include detritivores and other nutrient cyclers, primary ... More


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