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Becoming Versus Being: A Critical Analysis of the Child in Liberal Theory

Barbara Arneil

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The excessive faith liberal theorists have had in the power of rights and rights discourse can have deleterious consequences for children. As vulnerable and dependent beings, children need to be ... More


God on the Quad: Making Room for Faith on Campus

Elaine Howard Ecklund

in Science vs Religion: What Do Scientists Really Believe?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392982
eISBN:
9780199777105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392982.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In chapter 7, Ecklund presents the voices of the over 40 percent of scientists who think religion plays a positive role on university campuses. Scientists are searching for boundary pioneers to cross ... More


Culture, Adaptation, and Innateness

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Culture has fundamentally changed the nature of human evolution because it creates a novel evolutionary tradeoff. Social learning allows human populations to rapidly evolve accumulate cultural ... More


The Baldwin Effect and Genetic Assimilation: Contrasting Explanatory Foci and Gene Concepts in Two Approaches to an Evolutionary Process

Paul E. Griffiths

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A large body of literature exists on the so-called “Baldwin effect”, a controversial process by which an acquired trait supposedly evolves into an innate trait. C. H. Waddington's concept of “genetic ... More


Psychology for Musicians: Understanding and Acquiring the Skills

Andreas C. Lehmann, John A. Sloboda, and Robert H. Woody

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195146103
eISBN:
9780199851164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146103.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This book provides a concise, accessible, and up-to-date introduction to psychological research for musicians, performers, music educators, and studio teachers. Designed to address the needs and ... More


Children's Conceptions of Nature and Nurture

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Inheritance plays an important role in adults' everyday thoughts about social categories. When people think about identity, they often assume that properties are passed down from parent to child, ... More


Background context

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the scientific approaches that have influenced the work on visual development described in the book. It summarizes contributions from animal visual neuroscience, including the ... More


Effects of Optimizing the Foster Care Experience on Outcomes

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Child welfare administrators and practitioners want to know which aspects of service delivery to target to improve long-term success for youth in care. One way to address this issue is to ask “What ... More


Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Martha H. Verbrugge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the philosophies, experiences, and instructional programs of white and black female physical educators who taught in public schools and diverse colleges and universities, including ... More


Body, Science, and Difference in the Gym

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0000
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

The introduction reviews broad changes and persistent inequities in American physical education during the twentieth century. Students’ experiences in the gym varied considerably by gender, race, ... More


Active Womanhood and the Science of Sex Differences, 1890s–1940s

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 2 examines how female physical educators (primarily white teachers) conceptualized active womanhood: How did female bodies resemble and/or differ from male anatomy, physiology, and physical ... More


Boy on the Bridge: The Story of John Shalikashvili's American Success

Andrew Marble

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178028
eISBN:
9780813178035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178028.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

John Shalikashvili: From Boy on the Bridge to Top American General tells the captivating tale of how John Shalikashvili, a penniless, stateless World War II refugee achieved the American dream by ... More


Her Destined Sphere

Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi

in Shelley’s Goddess: Maternity, Language, Subjectivity

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195073843
eISBN:
9780199855179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073843.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

The chapter recounts and examines the various studies and written material on the shift in the ideology of motherhood and domesticity in the 18th century. These accounts lay down the background for ... More


Conclusion

Barbara Charlesworth Gelpi

in Shelley’s Goddess: Maternity, Language, Subjectivity

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195073843
eISBN:
9780199855179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073843.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

The final chapter summarizes how Shelley’s upbringing influenced his outlook in life in his adulthood. The chapter recounts the social system in place for rearing and training children in the 18th ... More


The Old Determinism

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the increasingly heated debates over sociobiology. These debates within academic circles had polarized into arguments over nature versus nurture, biology versus culture, as the ... More


Nursing Mothers and National Identity

Trubowitz Rachel

in Nation and Nurture in Seventeenth-Century English Literature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604739
eISBN:
9780191741074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604739.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter explores why the revalued figure of the nursing mother has political and religious appeal for both Reformers and traditionalists. The new mother's equivocal valences find diverse ... More


Natural Mothers and the Changing “Character” of Englishness: A Pitiless Mother, Hic Mulier, and Macbeth

Trubowitz Rachel

in Nation and Nurture in Seventeenth-Century English Literature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604739
eISBN:
9780191741074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604739.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter reads Macbeth in relationship to the querelle des femmes. It focuses specifically on two gender-debate pamphlets that characterize “the good woman” as a natural nurturer, in opposition ... More


Nursing Fathers and National Identity: James I, Charles I, Cromwell and Milton

Trubowitz Rachel

in Nation and Nurture in Seventeenth-Century English Literature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604739
eISBN:
9780191741074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604739.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

The biblical figure of “the nursing father” (Numbers 11:12 and Isaiah 49:23) is a starting point for this chapter. Organized thematically, the chapter explores how the newly evolving discourse of ... More


“I was his nursling once”: Internationalism and “nurture holy” in Samson Agonistes

Trubowitz Rachel

in Nation and Nurture in Seventeenth-Century English Literature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604739
eISBN:
9780191741074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604739.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter argues that the image of Samson as God's nursling and the allusions to nursing and nurture elsewhere in the drama open a new window into Milton's preoccupations in Samson Agonistes with ... More


Risk Takers: Profiling Traders

Mark Fenton-O'Creevy, Nigel Nicholson, Emma Soane, and Paul Willman

in Traders: Risks, Decisions, and Management in Financial Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269488
eISBN:
9780191699405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269488.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Organization Studies

There have been issues regarding the extent to which an individual act is dependent on the inner forces of the individual (agency) or the surrounding circumstances (context). With regard to a nature ... More


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