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Origins of Some Representational Categories

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses some relatively basic sorts of perceptual attribution: body, numerosity, spatial relations, and temporal relations. It elaborates accounts of constitutive conditions for having ... More


The Arrangement of Land M Cones in Human and a Primate Retina

J. K. Bowmaker, J. W. L. Parry, and J. D. Mollon

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The relative numerosities and spatial arrangement of long-wave (L) and middle-wave (M) cones in the human and primate retina have long been debated. This topographical organization of cones is ... More


Features of Complex Systems

J. Ladyman and K. Wiesner

in What Is a Complex System?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300251104
eISBN:
9780300256130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300251104.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter uses the representative examples of complex systems discussed in the previous chapter to arrive at a list of the distinctive features of complex systems. These features include ... More


Puts as Well as Calls

Ian Ayres

in Optional Law: The Structure of Legal Entitlements

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226033464
eISBN:
9780226033488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226033488.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Guido Calabresi and Douglas Melamed began a scholarly revolution by showing that legal entitlements have two readily distinguishable types of protection: property rules and liability rules. These two ... More


Multiple Takings

Ian Ayres

in Optional Law: The Structure of Legal Entitlements

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226033464
eISBN:
9780226033488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226033488.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Liability rules applied to tangible legal entitlements might give rise to problems of reciprocal takings in which a plaintiff and defendant engage in a protracted (and potentially endless) series of ... More


Brain Theory: Numbers

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

“What is a number that a man may know it?” (Warren McCulloch). A wave model can determine “numerosity” (number of identical items) for small numbers of items. Identity and numerosity can be explained ... More


The Brain’s Best Guess

György Buzsáki

in The Brain from Inside Out

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190905385
eISBN:
9780190905415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905385.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In this final chapter, I propose that behavior-based calibration of perceptions and abstract representations are constrained by a preconfigured brain. The nervous system may have evolved to mimic the ... More


The Parietal Lobes

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter discusses the parietal lobes, whose primary function is to gather and integrate sensory information to aid the motor cortex in appropriate movements. Damage to the parietal regions in ... More


The Illusions of Numerosity

Riccardo Luccio

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0101
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The illusions of numerosity can be broadly divided into two main categories (a) illusions of numerosity that can be observed in many classical illusions of linear or area extent just replacing the ... More


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