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Quantitative Development in Infancy and Early Childhood

Kelly S. Mix, Janellen Huttenlocher, and Susan Cohen Levine (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195123005
eISBN:
9780199893959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123005.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book takes a critical look at the evidence concerning nonverbal quantification in infants and young children. For the first time since research on this topic exploded in the 1980s, the entire ... More


Numeracy

Joanne S. Camp, Emily K. Farran, and Annette Karmiloff-Smith

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Number-relevant information bombards our everyday lives. It is necessary for telling the time, for dealing with money, for changing TV channels, for shopping, for taking local transport, and so ... More


Words into Practice

Karen Harvey

in The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199533848
eISBN:
9780191740978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533848.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter shows how in their writing and speech middling‐sort men gave meaning to their actions using the language of ‘oeconomy’. The chapter argues that men lived oeconomically, as well as wrote ... More


Reading Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explains how literacy problems complicate the process involved in making informed decisions. Many people are unable to read many disclosures because they are not literate or numerate ... More


Three Foundational Documents and Their Indelibility

Michael T. Gilmore

in Surface and Depth: The Quest for Legibility in American Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157765
eISBN:
9780199787784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157765.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter investigates three of the foundational texts of American culture: John Winthrop’s Model of Christian Charity, William Penn’s plan for the city of Philadelphia, and Thomas Jeffersons ... More


Well‐Being: From Theory to Measurement

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The theory and measurement of well‐being are discussed in six sections: (1) constituents and determinants of well‐being; (2) income; (3–5) health—anthropometric measures, mortality indices, and ... More


Integrating domain-general and domain-specific developmental processes: Cross-syndrome, cross-domain dynamics

Ann Steele, Janice Brown, and Gaia Scerif

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0079
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter asks novel questions of old and new data, aiming to elucidate the relationships between attention, language, and number early in the development of people with Williams syndrome (WS). In ... More


Education since the Late Eighteenth Century

N. C. Fleming

in Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583119
eISBN:
9780191744822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Modernising and democratising societies require mass literacy. The nineteenth century was an age of state initiatives for education of the people. By 1900 Ireland had levels of basic literacy and ... More


When Misinformed Patients Try to Make Informed Health Decisions

Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Statistical illiteracy in health—the inability to understand health statistics—is widespread among the general public. Many people find it hard to accept uncertainty in the first place and, even if ... More


Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides an historical overview of epidemiology and its evolution. This book includes a section of conceptual chapters, including chapters on the relation of concepts to causes, the concept ... More


Historical Trends and Current Issues

Kelly S. Mix, Janellen Huttenlocher, and Susan Cohen Levine

in Quantitative Development in Infancy and Early Childhood

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195123005
eISBN:
9780199893959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123005.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter outlines the history of research on quantitative development and identifies empirical questions and theoretical issues that have emerged from this literature. The review begins with ... More


Overcoming General Audience Tendencies and Biases to Enhance Lay Understanding of Data

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter draws heavily from the field of psychology and explains what happens when lay audiences are exposed to quantitative information. National surveys and research studies demonstrate that ... More


Conclusions and New Challenges

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reflects on implications of previous chapters and identifies key challenges. Public health professionals may fail to recognize their own epistemology, i.e., their assumptions that ... More


Numeracy in Epidemiology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a historical background on the application for population counts in epidemiology. In 1662, the London haberdasher John Graunt (1620–1674) published a slender book that was to be ... More


The French Enlightenment, Epidemiology, and Public Health

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses advances in method applied to enumerating disease distributions through the 18th century. In France late in that century, the Enlightenment, followed by the climactic French ... More


Adult skills surveys and transnational organisations: globalising educational policy

Jeff Evans

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Organisations like OECD, IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) and the EU are increasingly involved in the production of transnational data. They function as ... More


Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Ellen Peters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Innumeracy in the Wild explains how numeric ability supports the quality of the decisions we make and, ultimately, the life outcomes we experience. It dissects three ways that people can be good or ... More


Education, education, education…: an assessment of Labour’s success in tackling education inequalities

Abigail McKnight, Howard Glennerster, and Ruth Lupton

in A more equal society?: New Labour, poverty, inequality and exclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345783
eISBN:
9781447301394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345783.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

One of the priorities of the New Labour government was education. Well before the 1997 General Election, the Labour party expressed its agenda of making education a top priority. In his 1996 speech, ... More


The Effects on Human Capital Formation

Jan Luiten

in Capital Women: The European Marriage Pattern, Female Empowerment and Economic Development in Western Europe 1300-1800

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190847883
eISBN:
9780190847913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847883.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

New evidence from Flanders and the Netherlands demonstrates that age heaping was gradually diminishing in large parts of the Low Countries during the sixteenth century, that (unexpectedly) almost no ... More


Associations among the Subtests: A Short-Form CART

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapter 12 describes a large-scale study of the short-form version of the CART. The short-form is composed of 11 of the 20 subtests and can be completed in less than two hours by most subjects. The ... More


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