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We Intend to Run It

Matthew Vaz (ed.)

in Running the Numbers: Race, Police, and the History of Urban Gambling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226690445
eISBN:
9780226690582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226690582.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the emergence of state lotteries during the 1960s and 1970s. With police authority to arrest known gamblers on sight now curbed by the Supreme Court, police officials in New ... More


This Community Is Being Criminalized

Matthew Vaz (ed.)

in Running the Numbers: Race, Police, and the History of Urban Gambling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226690445
eISBN:
9780226690582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226690582.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the politics of gambling in New York City. A long tradition of demands for black autonomy in the gambling business confronted a well developed system of gambling corruption in ... More


Managing Risk in Numbers Games

Mabel C. Chou, Qingxia Kong, Chung-Piaw Teo, and Huan Zheng

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter applies Benford's law to study how players choose numbers in fixed-odds number lottery games. Empirical data suggests that not all players choose numbers with equal probability in ... More


Running the Numbers: Race, Police, and the History of Urban Gambling

Matthew Vaz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226690445
eISBN:
9780226690582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226690582.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book explores conflict over everyday gambling in urban America from the 1950s through the 1980s. The popular illegal games "numbers" and "policy" thrived in African American communities in New ... More


Jim Crow Organized Crime: Black Chicago’s Underground Economy in the Twentieth Century

Will Cooley

in Building the Black Metropolis: African American Entrepreneurship in Chicago

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041426
eISBN:
9780252050022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041426.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the historical evolution of Chicago’s African American underground economy. During the first decades of the twentieth-century games of chance associated with cards and dice were ... More


“The Actual Matter Is with Us Whites”: Abortion and the “Black Peril”

Susanne M. Klausen

in Abortion Under Apartheid: Nationalism, Sexuality, and Women's Reproductive Rights in South Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199844494
eISBN:
9780190258122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844494.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explains why the National Party knowingly allowed the social epidemic of unsafe abortion in black communities to continue unabated. The reasons discussed include: racist perceptions of ... More


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