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Improving Our Chances of Transition to Sustainability: The Role of Values and the Ethics of Solidarity and Sympathy

Andrew Dobson

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Governments are failing to govern. They are hollowing out both the safety nets of social support and of ethical norms. The market is guided by financial incentive and short-term profit-making, by ... More


Libertarian Paternalism

Julian Le Grand and Bill New

in Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the so-called nudge ideas based on libertarian paternalism and asymmetric paternalism, both of which seek to provide a practical approach to the trade-off between well-being and ... More


What Is Feasible?

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Human behavior and development if actively responsive to certain kinds of environmental features, and this suggests that some kinds of substantial social change could be feasible given the right kind ... More


Manipulation: Theory and Practice

Christian Coons and Michael Weber (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199338207
eISBN:
9780190228446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199338207.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As social creatures, we influence one another in a variety of ways. Much of this influence is benign—for example, advising family and friends, serving as role models for our children and students. ... More


A critical neuro-geography of behaviourally and neuroscientifically informed public policy

Jessica Pykett

in Towards a Spatial Social Policy: Bridging the Gap Between Geography and Social Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447337904
eISBN:
9781447337959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337904.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Amidst the growing enthusiasm for the application of behavioural insights from behavioural economics, psychology and the neurosciences in social policy, there has been a shift in emphasis from ... More


Influencing travel behaviour

Stewart Barr and John Preston

in Transport Matters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447329558
eISBN:
9781447329602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329558.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

As travel planning’s theoretical underpinnings have broadened from engineering and economics to embrace psychology and sociology, an emphasis has been placed on social marketing and nudge theory. It ... More


Health-related behaviour

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines three health determinants that lie inside of individuals’ own control: diet, physical activity, and substance use. The choices exhibited over these three classes of goods (or ... More


Neural and Environmental Modulation of Motivation: What’s the Moral Difference?

Thomas Douglas

in Treatment for Crime: Philosophical Essays on Neurointerventions in Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758617
eISBN:
9780191818530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758617.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Interventions that modify a person’s motivations through chemically or physically influencing the brain seem morally objectionable, at least when they are performed nonconsensually. This chapter ... More


The Management Ethos

Jason Blakely

in We Built Reality: How Social Science Infiltrated Culture, Politics, and Power

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087371
eISBN:
9780190087418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087371.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The pseudoscientific notion that humans are machines or computing robots has led to the spread of a manipulative way of being in both personal life and politics. This manipulative ethic is a ... More


Reasoning Strategies

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A dichotomy that has influenced much theoretical and applied research on reasoning is the distinction between System I and System II reasoning. System I is intuitive, fast, based on associations, and ... More


Control Signals

Martin Innes

in Signal Crimes: Social Reactions to Crime, Disorder, and Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199684465
eISBN:
9780191788093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684465.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A control signal is an act of social control conveying a message to a wider social audience. Starting with a story about the execution of a group of smugglers in the eighteenth century, that fades ... More


All tools are informational now: how information and persuasion define the tools of government

Peter John

in Rethinking policy and politics: Reflections on contemporary debates in policy studies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447319467
eISBN:
9781447319474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319467.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The toolbox of governments increasingly resembles a set of informational cues and prompts. Governments and other public sector organisations realise that the traditional tools of government, such as ... More


The changing nature of public service reform

Robin Hambleton

in Leading the inclusive city: Place-based innovation for a bounded planet

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447304975
eISBN:
9781447311843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304975.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter shows how place-based initiative was often the driving force behind the creation of new public services – from public parks, libraries, and museums, to social care, education and social ... More


Fighting obesity in England

Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

in The politics of health promotion: Case studies from Denmark and England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526100528
eISBN:
9781526138972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100528.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses predominant forms of political rationalities, expert knowledge, and governing technologies employed in the attempt to govern obesity in England. First, we look into some of the ... More


Sustainable Consumption: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives In Honour of Professor Sir Partha Dasgupta

Alistair Ulph and Dale Southerton (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199679355
eISBN:
9780191758423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679355.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of sustainable consumption by drawing together insights from these diverse disciplines. The book was developed from presentations at a ... More


Transacting Property

Stephanie M. Stern and Daphna Lewinsohn-Zamir

in The Psychology of Property Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479835683
eISBN:
9781479857623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479835683.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how the psychology of cognition, decision making, and deception affects buyers and sellers in real estate transactions. The chapter describes how some aspects of property law, ... More


The Politics of Nudge: Dilemmas in Implementing Policies for Sustainable Consumption

Gerry Stoker

in Sustainable Consumption: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives In Honour of Professor Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199679355
eISBN:
9780191758423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679355.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

New insights from psychology and behavioural economics have encouraged a paradigm shift in policy debates towards a focus on ‘nudge’ strategies that are influenced by an understanding of the ... More


Dialogues for Solutions

F Stuart Chapin

in Grassroots Stewardship: Sustainability Within Reach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190081195
eISBN:
9780190081225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190081195.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Dialogues that respectfully communicate stewardship goals can build trust and shape the social norms and behavior of others. Communicating effectively, as described in this chapter, is the second ... More


A Framework for Assessing the Moral Status of “Manipulation”

J.S. Blumenthal-Barby

in Manipulation: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199338207
eISBN:
9780190228446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199338207.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of the wrong-making features of manipulation and the circumstances under which it is ethically justified. It argues that it is not the case that any of the ... More


The Government’s Catalytic Role in Driving Societal Progress

Rabih Abouchakra, Mona Hammami, and Jim Hagemann Snabe

in Capitalism Beyond Mutuality?: Perspectives Integrating Philosophy and Social Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825067
eISBN:
9780191863745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825067.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Political Economy

Governments can contribute more effectively and efficiently to societal progress. The traditional government machinery is however inadequate, underfunded and wrongly funded, and still overly focused ... More


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