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Neuroanatomy of CTA: lesion studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni and T Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Food properties are transmitted by taste nerves from the buds in the oral cavity to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in the brain stem. Gastrointestinal irritation caused by toxic meal activates ... More


Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Richard F. Casten

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This textbook on nuclear structure takes a unique and complementary approach compared to existing texts on the topic. Avoiding complicated calculations and complex mathematical formalism, it explains ... More


Parkinson’s Disease

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Parkinson's Disease is associated with loss of brainstem dopaminergic neurons, and loss of dopaminergic innervation of basal ganglia and cortex. The most disabling clinical symptoms are slowness of ... More


A Population Density Model of the Driven LGN/PGN

Marco A. Huertasand and Gregory D. Smith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

The interaction of two populations of integrate-and-fire-or-burst neurons representing thalamocortical cells from the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and thalamic reticular cells from the ... More


Supermassive Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on supermassive black holes, which are sometimes abbreviated “SMBHs.” Stellar-mass black holes are clearly common consequences of stellar evolution, but they are not the only ... More


Your Brain’s Anchor to Reality

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The consumption of many different plants by our ancestors lead to the discovery of the important role played by the neurotransmitter serotonin in your brain. Chemicals in these plants that interfere ... More


Physiology of the visual system

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the general physiology of the visual system. The discussions cover the eye; visual pathways and decussation; the lateral geniculate nucleus; visual cortex; the stimulus tuning of ... More


Involvement of Nucleus Accumbens Dopamine in Behavioral Activation and Effort-Related Functions

John D. Salamone

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the behavioral activation functions of nucleus accumbens dopamine (DA), and in particular, emphasizes how these functions appear to be engaged in such a way as to promote the ... More


Thalamic Control of Visual Attention

Sabine Kastner, Yuri B Saalmann, and Keith A Schneider

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses thalamocortical interactions, an understanding of which is central to understanding perception and cognition. The visual thalamus consists of three main nuclei: the lateral ... More


Summary

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

There are ganglion cells in the retina with an invertebrate photopigment, melanospin, in them. They can respond in the absence of input from rods and cones, although their response is also affected ... More


Skyrmions and Nuclei

Nicholas S. Manton

in The Many Facets of Geometry: A Tribute to Nigel Hitchin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199534920
eISBN:
9780191716010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534920.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter discusses Skyrmions and nuclei. Topics covered include rational map ansatz, Skyrmions and α-particles, and quantization and calibration. For small baryon numbers, the rational map ansatz ... More


Subjective Visual Vertical and Eye-Head Coordination (Roll) with Brain Stem Lesions

Dieterich Marianne and Thomas Brandt

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0106
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The ocular tilt reaction (OTR) models a fundamental pattern of coordinated eye-head roll motion based on utricular/saccular as well as vertical canal input, made by the gaviceptive pathways from the ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Parasympathetic Preganglionic Neurons

David Jordan

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Parasympathetic preganglionic neurons, which have cell bodies in the brainstem and spinal cord, are the source of all parasympathetic outflow. Consequently, these neurons are important sites for ... More


Central Autonomic Regulation of the Airways

Brendan J. Canning

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Postganglionic sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves innervate the airways and lungs of all vertebrates. When activated, these nerves can initiate airway smooth muscle contraction or relaxation, ... More


The somatic tinnitus model

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Inputs from the trigeminal and dorsal column systems innervate the granule cells in the dorsal cochlear nucleus. The output of the granule cells activates both excitatory neurons such as the fusiform ... More


The Reactivation and Reorganization of Retinotopic Maps in Visual Cortex of Adult Mammals After Retinal and Cortical Lesions

Jon H. Kaas, Christine E. Collins, and Yuzo M. Chino

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The mammalian visual system is characterized by a hierarchy of processing stations that tend to preserve and reflect the spatial order of outputs from the retina of each eye. The optic nerve fibers ... More


MICROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF COLLECTIVE VIBRATIONS

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

A microscopic approach to deriving the structure, energies and systematics of collective states from the shell model appears in two forms, the Tamm-Dancoff approximation and the random phase ... More


The Brain’s Default State: Self-Organized Oscillations in Rest and Sleep

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In the absence of environmental inputs, such as during sleep, the brain engages in self-organized activity. The isolated neocortex, or small pieces of it, can sustain self-organized patterns. Neurons ... More


INTRODUCTION

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book explains nuclear structure b building on a few elementary physical ideas. It discusses the shell structure of nuclei, starting with the independent particle model and going on to the shell ... More


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