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The Strategy of Nuclear Test Limitation

Ian Clark

in Nuclear Diplomacy and the Special Relationship: Britain's Deterrent and America, 1957–1962

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273707
eISBN:
9780191684067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273707.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the issue of nuclear testing, which provides a compelling illustration of the dilemmas of Britain's nuclear policy as a whole and of the ambivalence of the relationship with ... More


India and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Karthik Nachiappan

in Does India Negotiate?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199496686
eISBN:
9780199098170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199496686.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In this chapter, I unpack how India negotiates the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, recounting the transnational pressures pushing toward test ban negotiations and why those developments served ... More


The American Test Ban Debate

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The aim of this chapter is to provide contextual background on the issue of American attitudes to nuclear tests. This is done by charting the domestic American debate on the merits of joining a ... More


Israel

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter is dedicated to Israel and its political thinking about nuclear tests and their utility. Primary sources are used to explore how intelligence agencies and governments viewed and assessed ... More


India

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter uses newly declassified documents to discuss how Washington failed to act on indications and intelligence gathered in the years before the May 1974 test, all pointing towards a likely ... More


Other Selected Candidates in Light of the Advisory Opinion on Namibia and the Nuclear Tests Cases

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Examples of obligations erga omnes beyond those listed in the Barcelona Traction case have also been put forward in international cases. In some of the pleadings regarding the advisory opinion on ... More


Introduction

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter presents the background story on the discovery and research on gamma-ray bursts (GRB). In 1963, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed to ... More


PII, Victimhood and “Nuclear Apartheid”

Manjari Chatterjee Miller

in Wronged by Empire: Post-Imperial Ideology and Foreign Policy in India and China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804786522
eISBN:
9780804788434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786522.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter turns to the contemporary period to show that PII and, specifically, victimhood matter today. It analyzes India's decision to declare nuclear weapons state status in 1998. It uses PII to ... More


South Africa

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Using new documents and interviews, the chapter discusses the how the harsh international reaction to what was perceived as South African test preparations in 1977 led South African decision-makers ... More


The NPT, Nuclear Tests, and their Changing Legal Status

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter explores several historical themes which relate to nuclear tests, their changing legal status, and its relations to the NPT. It charts how the negotiations and the entry into force of the ... More


Pakistan

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter newly declassified documents and interviews are used to shed light on the hardly explored 1981 Haig–Shahi deal on Pakistan’s nuclear tests. In the Pakistani case a State Department ... More


The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.8
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter traces Eisenhower's nonproliferation policy and the evolution of nuclear apartheid. It observes that the president had grown frustrated with his advisers' resistance to a nuclear test ... More


Tests and Toughness JFK's False Start on the Proliferation Question, 1961–1962

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.10
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explains why John F. Kennedy (JFK) placed a greater emphasis on controlling proliferation. It notes that the Soviets hoped to impede Chinese, as well as West German, access to the bomb, ... More


Introduction

Or Rabinowitz

in Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The introduction includes an outline of the main arguments, the research questions, and the methodology. It also includes an outline of how the chapters are organized and a literature review. The ... More


Bargaining for test ban treaties

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The earliest specific international arrangement, at least indirectly, to restrict the spread of nuclear weapons is the Partial Test Ban Treaty of 1963. The negotiation of the treaty—originally ... More


Images of nuclear war in US government films from the early Cold War

Lars Nowak

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

This essay investigates cinema’s contribution to the public imaginations of a global nuclear war in the United States, focusing on U.S. government films from the first two decades of the Cold War ... More


The Shastri-Gandhi Years, 1964–74: The Internal Dynamics

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter focuses on the pattern of Indian leadership behaviour on the issues of Indian nuclear testing and the question of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). It provides an assessment of the ... More


Pokhran II and After: The Reactions, Debates, and Consequences

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter considers the consequences, debates, and reactions that surrounded Prime Minister Vajpayee's decision to authorize nuclear testing in India in April-May 1998. It begins with a section on ... More


Bargaining on Nuclear Tests: Washington and its Cold War Deals

Or Rabinowitz

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198702931
eISBN:
9780191772412
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702931.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Most observers who follow nuclear affairs agree on one major aspect regarding Israel’s famous policy of nuclear ambiguity—mainly that it is an exception. More specifically, it is largely accepted ... More


From Moratorium to Test Ban

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter demonstrates how President John F. Kennedy largely continued Eisenhower's Plowshare policy. Eager to see the test ban negotiations at Geneva achieve fruition, Kennedy did not want to ... More


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