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The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Sean F. Johnston

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book follows nuclear engineers, specialists in a field described by early participants as a ‘strange journey through Alice in Wonderland’ and ‘What Buck Rogers reads about when he reads’. Their ... More


Nuclear weapons and nuclear energy

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Nuclear energy has peaceful applications and non-peaceful applications. The centrepiece of all political efforts to curb the spread of nuclear weapons lies in attempting to harmonise the ... More


Nuclear specialists at work

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

For practising engineers, the most pragmatic expression of technical identity was defined in the workplace. This chapter focuses on nuclear specialists via their jobs. During the 1950s, workers from ... More


Defining (Scientific) Direction:: Soviet Nuclear Physics and Reactor Engineering during the Cold War

Sonja D. Schmid

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter uses nuclear physics and reactor engineering as an example to illustrate uniquely Soviet discussion over “fundamental” and “applied” research during the Cold War. Post-Stalinist ... More


Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Adriana Petryna

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

On April 26, 1986, Unit Four of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor exploded in then Soviet Ukraine. More than 3.5 million people in Ukraine alone, not to mention many citizens of surrounding countries, ... More


Iraq

Gawdat Bahgat

in Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031668
eISBN:
9780813039114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031668.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in Iraq. It discusses Iraq's WMD capabilities, the preemptive strikes on its nuclear reactors and the strict United ... More


Energy and Civilization: A History

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects ... More


Nuclear Power Generation

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The primary advantage of nuclear power is that a lot of energy can be generated from very little material—that too with no ongoing CO2 production. The disadvantage is the problem of dealing with ... More


The Begin Doctrine

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0016
Subject:
History, Political History

Before his designated successor as prime minister of Israel could be known, Menachem Begin appointed his third finance minister, Yoram Aridor, on January 21, 1981. Aridor's appointment was a turning ... More


Missing the Boat 1945–1964

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reviews developments at Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1945–1964. It first considers the leadership vacuum at SEAS in the ... More


6

Jean-Luc Nancy

in After Fukushima: The Equivalence of Catastrophes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263387
eISBN:
9780823266333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263387.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses equivalence. The equivalence of the disaster of Fukushima and other catastrophes goes beyond the military and general use of nuclear power, but to the powers humanity has ... More


The Iranian Forces’ Counterattacks: First Steps (January–July 1981)

Pesach Malovany IDF (Ret.), Amatzia Baram, Kevin M. Woods, and Ronna Englesberg

in Wars of Modern Babylon: A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813169439
eISBN:
9780813169514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169439.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter deals with the second phase of the war between Iraq and Iran—the first Iranian counter attacks to drive the Iraqi forces from their territory, and the opening of the “war of attrition”. ... More


Catching a Lift 1976–1980

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines changes at Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1976–1980 under the deanship of Peter Likins. A professor of civil engineering ... More


King of Israel

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0017
Subject:
History, Political History

Three months prior to the 1981 elections, public opinion polls showed that Menachem Begin's Likud party would lose to Hamaarach by more than twenty-five percent. Three weeks before, the two parties ... More


Innovation as Renovation

Jennifer Robertson

in Robo sapiens japanicus: Robots, Gender, Family, and the Japanese Nation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520283190
eISBN:
9780520959064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283190.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Innovation 25 was introduced in 2007 as Prime Minister Abe’s visionary and futuristic blueprint for robotizing Japan by 2025. This policy proposal was supported by subsequent administrations and then ... More


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