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The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Helmut Hofmann

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book offers a survey of nuclear physics at low energies and discusses similarities to mesoscopic systems. It addresses systems at finite excitations of the internal degrees of freedom where ... More


Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Mark Morrisson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

While many alchemists were intelligent and well-intentioned thinkers, their experiments are usually regarded as failed wizardry rather than scientific investigation. The alchemists' extreme goals ... More


Projective Verse: Fields in Science and Poetics at Midcentury

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter begins with a discussion of what Charles Olson called his “joy of science,” arguing that this arose from an interest in how science and poetry might collaborate. In order to understand ... More


EXOTIC NUCLEI AND RADIOACTIVE BEAMS

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter focuses on a new field of study in nuclear structure: the study of exotic nuclei with radioactive nuclear beams (RNBs). Exotic nuclei refer to beta-unstable nuclei with extreme ratios of ... More


Winding up at the Radiation Lab, going to Harvard, and marriage

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Throughout the period spent at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Radiation Laboratory, Julian Schwinger did not socialise much beyond the immediate circle of his co-workers and old friends ... More


New knowledge for new purposes

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter surveys the intellectual and geographical terrain of early nuclear energy and introduces themes that will be at the core of the book. In setting the scene, it argues that international ... More


Julian Schwinger at Columbia University

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Julian Schwinger became a frequent visitor to the excellent Columbia University Library in New York City. The Schwingers lived quite close to the University, and Julian often walked there, casually ... More


Schwinger goes to Berkeley

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the spring of 1939, Julian Schwinger was 21 years old, a fresh PhD with a sizable number of articles already published in the Physical Review to his credit, several of which were quoted and ... More


INTRODUCTION

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book explains nuclear structure b building on a few elementary physical ideas. It discusses the shell structure of nuclei, starting with the independent particle model and going on to the shell ... More


Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Laurent Lellouch, Rainer Sommer, Benjamin Svetitsky, Anastassios Vladikas, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book is based on the lectures delivered at the XCIII Session of the ´Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in August, 2009. The aim of the event was to familiarize the new generation of Ph.D. ... More


Neutrons for Peace and Neutrons for War

in The Pontecorvo Affair: A Cold War Defection and Nuclear Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226816647
eISBN:
9780226816661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226816661.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows Bruno Pontecorvo's pioneering contributions to wartime research in nuclear physics, illustrating how they propelled industrial and military endeavors. Pontecorvo had become one of ... More


The Training of a Nuclear Physicist

in The Pontecorvo Affair: A Cold War Defection and Nuclear Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226816647
eISBN:
9780226816661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226816661.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates Bruno Pontecorvo's education and early training as a scientist. It concentrates on the role played in his formation by practical applications and patents deriving from the ... More


The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Roger H. Stuewer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Nuclear physics emerged as the dominant field in experimental and theoretical physics between 1919 and 1939, the two decades between the First and Second World Wars. Milestones were Ernest ... More


A New York City childhood

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Julian Seymour Schwinger was born on February 12, 1918 in New York City into a middle class family. His father, Benjamin Schwinger, was born in the town of Nowy Sacz in the foothills of the ... More


Edward Teller, High Priest of Physics

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

On December 1, 1995, the author traveled to Stanford University to meet with Edward Teller at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, and immediately had two reactions on meeting him. ... More


Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book describes the fundamentals of particle detectors in their different forms as well as their applications, presenting the abundant material as clearly as possible and as deeply as needed for a ... More


Solutions to Problems at Les Houches Summer School on EFT

Marcel Balsiger, Marios Bounakis, Mehdi Drissi, John Gargalionis, Erik Gustafson, Greg Jackson, Matthew Leak, Christopher Lepenik, Scott Melville, Daniel Moreno, Michele Tammaro, Selim Touati, and Timothy Trott

in Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198855743
eISBN:
9780191889370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855743.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This final chapter provides details of worked solutions to the various problems set by the lecturers during the course of the school; some of these problems appear within the chapters of this book. ... More


Unifying Particle Physics with the Cosmology of the Primordial Universe

José Bernabéu and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The dialogue with physicist José Bernabéu firstly looks into why discovery of the Higgs boson has a spiritual dimension and is a great starting point for new discovery. It then moves on to discuss ... More


The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book is an inspirational survey of fundamental physics, emphasizing the use of variational principles. Chapter 1 presents introductory ideas, including the principle of least action, vectors and ... More


History—an overview

Oriol Bohigas and Hans A. Weidenmüller

in Stochastic Processes and Random Matrices: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 104, July 2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198797319
eISBN:
9780191838774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797319.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

An overview of the history of random matrix theory (RMT) is provided in this chapter. Starting from its inception, the authors sketch the history of RMT until about 1990, focusing their attention on ... More


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