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Magnetic And Optic Studies Of Local Environment

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the various methods available for the measurement of local crystal symmetry and of local vibrational motion in ferroelectric systems. A basic disadvantage of many of these ... More


Fundamentals

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) exploits the interaction of nuclei with magnetic fields. A strong static field is applied to polarise the nuclear magnetic moments, time-dependent magnetic radio ... More


Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance and MRI

Peter Jezzard and Stuart Clare

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Imaging using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was first demonstrated in the 1970s, and has since seen huge application in diagnostic radiology. It has been described using a number of formalisms and ... More


NMR spectroscopy

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The appearance of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra is determined by various interactions of the nuclear spins with each other, as well as with quantities such as the local and applied ... More


Contrast

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Compared to other imaging methods, the unique feature of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging is the abundance ol parameters that can he exploited for image contrast. These parameters are mostly ... More


Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Jagdish Mehra and Kimball Milton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Julian Schwinger was one of the leading theoretical physicists of the 20th century. His contributions are as important, and as pervasive, as those of Richard Feynman, with whom he shared the 1965 ... More


Introduction

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is the most important analytical technique for structural analysis of molecules in solution. For a long time, NMR has been associated with chemistry. With the ... More


Analytical Chemical Methods and Instrumentation

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a background on the important role technology has played in the study of chemical biomarkers, and the many advances in the field that have resulted from the development of new ... More


Magnetic Resonance28

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Magnetic resonance experiments involving both electrons and nuclei play a major role in solid-state physics. Electrons from uncompensated spins, particularly those involving d and f electrons, ... More


NMR Imaging of Materials

Bernhard Blumich

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging of materials is a field of increasing importance. Applications range from fundamental science such as the characterisation of fluid transport in porous rocks, ... More


Concepts of spatial resolution

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Various methods have been proposed for generation of images by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). However, only the variants of the Fourier technique are used on a routine basis in clinical imaging. ... More


Solid-state NMR imaging

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging of solid matter is made difficult by linewidths, which cause resolution and sensitivity problems. However, imaging of solid matter remains attractive because ... More


Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR

Paul T. Callaghan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199556984
eISBN:
9780191774928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556984.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In 1950, Erwin Hahn pointed out that spin echoes in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) could be used to measure molecular translational motion, an effect made possible because nuclear spins carry a ... More


Point defects

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Point defects are atomic or molecular sites that differ from the normal sites in the lattice. In ice these are not only the usual vacancies, interstitials, or impurity atoms but also the protonic ... More


Poisson and symplectic manifolds

S. G. Rajeev

in Advanced Mechanics: From Euler's Determinism to Arnold's Chaos

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199670857
eISBN:
9780191775154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670857.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The Poisson bracket defines a tensor on the phase space which satisfies an integrability condition. When this tensor is invertible, this condition is linear and gives a symplectic structure. ... More


Applications

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with spatial resolution, in particular NMR imaging, has been investigated rather early for non-medical applications. Yet the impact of NMR imaging outside the medical ... More


Basic imaging methods

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The basic imaging methods of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are applicable primarily to imaging of liquids and soft matter, where lines are narrow and spectral dispersion is small compared to the ... More


Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

M. M. Glazov

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807308
eISBN:
9780191845093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807308.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In recent years, the physics community has experienced a revival of interest in spin effects in solid state systems. On one hand, solid state systems, particularly semicon- ductors and semiconductor ... More


Transformation, convolution, and correlation

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Transformation, convolution, and correlation are used over and over again in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and imaging in different contexts and sometimes with different meanings. The ... More


No progress without basic research

Gianfranco Pacchioni

in The Overproduction of Truth: Passion, Competition, and Integrity in Modern Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198799887
eISBN:
9780191864858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799887.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter illustrates with examples how science and technology have changed our way of life. We live longer, we live better, although this is not always appreciated. A brief description of life in ... More


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