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A state-managed profession

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Segregation in national laboratories, like a boarding school for a privileged child, protected and shaped early nuclear specialists. Their coming of age, though, was marked inevitably by public ... More


Unstable impressions

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During the Second World War and for a decade after it, secrecy kept nuclear specialists from public view. Popular representations evolved in step with political contexts, from admired ‘atomic ... More


‘Like children in a toy factory’

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During the war, theoretical ideas had been translated with dizzying rapidity into immense industrial enterprises. The concentration of wartime experience at a handful of centres was crucial in ... More


Introduction: The neutron and its progeny

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How does technical expertise grow? This book is a unique bottom-up account of how nuclear experts became established in the first three countries to support them: the USA, UK, and Canada. This ... More


A British Bomb

David James Gill

in Britain and the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy, 1964-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804786584
eISBN:
9780804788588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786584.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter offers an overview of nuclear policy between 1945 and 1962. It charts the development of British nuclear diplomacy in the post-war period, focusing on the major themes that Wilson would ... More


Nuclear specialists at work

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

For practising engineers, the most pragmatic expression of technical identity was defined in the workplace. This chapter focuses on nuclear specialists via their jobs. During the 1950s, workers from ... More


Implanting industrial cultures

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Wartime experiences seeded the new nuclear specialists, and these environments gestated their post-war opportunities. The laboratories and production sites merged industrial and scientific cultures. ... More


The atomic nursery

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

If the war gestated atomic energy specialists, then the decade after it saw their birth and early development in special environments. They did not thrive unaided: the new experts were nurtured with ... More


Conclusions: Careers from the Manhattan Project to Fukushima

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The Anglo-Saxon atom experts, born during wartime secrecy, have always been contentious. The viability of the early ad hoc specialists was disputed; in secure post-war environments, their growing ... More


Introduction: Global Nuclear Order in Conceptual and Historical Perspective

Nicola Horsburgh

in China and Global Nuclear Order: From Estrangement to Active Engagement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198706113
eISBN:
9780191775277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706113.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The introduction lays out the concept of global nuclear order and places it in global historical context. It starts out by embedding the concept within international relations theory, and in ... More


New knowledge for new purposes

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter surveys the intellectual and geographical terrain of early nuclear energy and introduces themes that will be at the core of the book. In setting the scene, it argues that international ... More


Introduction

David James Gill

in Britain and the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy, 1964-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804786584
eISBN:
9780804788588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786584.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the book as account of Harold Wilson and the Labour government’s attempts to balance a collection of disparate, and at times competing, influences in the context of British ... More


The Nehru-Bhabha Years, 1947–64

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter studies the events that occurred from 1947 to 1964, which are significant in the study of Indian nuclear history. It takes a look at the dominant role played by the political class ... More


Conclusion

David James Gill

in Britain and the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy, 1964-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804786584
eISBN:
9780804788588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786584.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the course of British nuclear diplomacy during Harold Wilson’s first two terms of office. The prime minister’s objectives were complex and shifting. Wilson often modified his ... More


Conclusion: From Outsider to Valued Member: Chinese Contributions to Nuclear Ordering

Nicola Horsburgh

in China and Global Nuclear Order: From Estrangement to Active Engagement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198706113
eISBN:
9780191775277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706113.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The conclusion brings together the main arguments of the book, and provides a definition of global nuclear order based on four core elements—nuclear deterrence, arms control, non-proliferation, and ... More


The Nuclear Past and Present: Structures of Power and Civil Resistance

Noriko Manabe

in The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music After Fukushima

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199334681
eISBN:
9780190454951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334681.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Popular, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter describes the power structures and financial incentives that have kept nuclear power in place in Japan despite a catastrophe. These structures have persisted since the 1950s, when future ... More


The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Roger H. Stuewer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Nuclear physics emerged as the dominant field in experimental and theoretical physics between 1919 and 1939, the two decades between the First and Second World Wars. Milestones were Ernest ... More


Introduction: Analyzing Political Music under Self-Censorship

Noriko Manabe

in The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music After Fukushima

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199334681
eISBN:
9780190454951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334681.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Despite a Chernobyl-level nuclear disaster and the largest protests in fifty years, Japan is poised to restart nuclear reactors. A major dampener to political change has been the reluctance of the ... More


Bottling Atomic Energy: Technology, Politics, and the State in Peronist Argentina

Jonathan Hagood

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Hagood uses the history of nuclear energy in Argentina to challenge overly simple and often decontextualized understandings of technological success and failure in Latin American contexts. Examining ... More


A World of Islands

David Hanlon

in Making Micronesia: A Political Biography of Tosiwo Nakayama

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838461
eISBN:
9780824868550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838461.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter explores the world of islands in which Tosiwo Nakayama lived, worked, and traveled. Nakayama's life is most closely associated with islands that make up the geographical region called ... More


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