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Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Anandi Hattiangadi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book provides a response to the argument for meaning scepticism set out by Saul Kripke in Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Kripke asks what makes it the case that anybody ever means ... More


A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents the six Locke Lectures given in Oxford in May and June of 2005. They appear now very nearly as delivered; they argue for two levels of knowledge — the animal and the reflective — ... More


Conclusion

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This concluding chapter synthesizes the arguments presented in the preceding chapters. It is argued that although we may not yet have an adequate theory of representation, we have no reason to ... More


Metaethics after Moore

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In How Should Ethics Relate to (the rest of) Philosophy?, Stephen Darwall challenges both the claims of independence and priority. He argues that although metaethics and normative ethics are properly ... More


The Nature of Normativity

Ralph Wedgwood

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book presents a complete theory about the nature of normative thought, that is, the sort of thought that is concerned with what ought to be the case, or what we ought to do or think. This theory ... More


Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Willem A. deVries (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These chapters in this book were written to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Wilfrid Sellars's essay ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, a landmark of 20th-century philosophy. Ranging widely ... More


Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Christopher Janaway and Simon Robertson (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583676
eISBN:
9780191745294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises a collection of original chapters on Nietzsche's ethics. The chapters examine Nietzsche's naturalism, his critique of morality, and his entitlement to a normative-evaluative ideal ... More


Triangulation: The Social Character of Thought

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the intersubjectivist position: the view that a creature develops the capacity for thinking in a specifically human way only in community. It introduces the ... More


Truth

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752233
eISBN:
9780191597732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752237.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a deflationary perspective called ‘minimalism’—a reaction against the traditional and widespread idea that the property of truth has some sort of underlying nature and that our ... More


Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism

Peter Unger

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244172
eISBN:
9780191711473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues for the thesis of universal ignorance, i.e., for the claim that nobody can ever know anything. To this effect, puts forward versions of the classical Cartesian argument for skepticism as well ... More


Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action

Joseph Raz

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248001
eISBN:
9780191598272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248001.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book offers a penetrating examination of a set of fundamental questions about human thought and action. In these essays, Joseph Raz examines the nature of normativity, reason, and the will; the ... More


Doing Things for Reasons

Rüdiger Bittner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are the reasons for which people do things? A common answer is “the pairing of a desire and a belief within the agent”. Arguing that the desire‐belief‐theory is supported only by an old ... More


Natural Goodness

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot sets out a naturalistic theory of ethics, which she calls ‘natural normativity’ and which is radically opposed to the subjectivist, non‐naturalism tradition deriving from David Hume and ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Hilary Kornblith

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that conceptual analysis should be rejected in favour of a more naturalistic approach to epistemology. There is a robust natural phenomenon of knowledge; knowledge is a natural kind. An ... More


Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Joshua Gert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Expressivism and non-reductive realism represent two very widely separated poles in contemporary discussion s of normativity. But the domain of the normative is both large and diverse. It would be ... More


On Reflection

Hilary Kornblith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers have frequently extolled the value of reflective self-examination, and a wide range of philosophers, who differ on many other things, have argued that reflection can help to solve a ... More


Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Martin Kusch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Knowledge by Agreement defends the ideas that knowledge is a social status (like money, or marriage), and that knowledge is primarily the possession of groups rather than individuals. ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


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