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Expressivism, Normative Uncertainty, and Arguments for Probabilism

Julia Staffel

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that in order to account for normative uncertainty, an expressivist theory of normative language and thought must accomplish two things: first, it needs to find room in its framework for a ... More


Unpalatable Conclusions and Deliberative Vertigo

John Pittard

in Disagreement, Deference, and Religious Commitment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190051815
eISBN:
9780190051846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051815.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Some claim that maintaining robust commitment to one’s favored religious outlook is likely to be compatible with following strong conciliationism even if strong conciliationism rules out having ... More


Value Disagreement, Action, and Commitment

Sergio Tenenbaum

in Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190946302
eISBN:
9780190946333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The problem of disagreement is a well-known tool in the arsenal of various anti-realist and skeptical views. Persistent disagreement is supposed to be evidence that our moral judgments do not track a ... More


Higher-Order Defeat and Evincibility

Maria Lasonen-Aarnio

in Higher-Order Evidence: New Essays

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198829775
eISBN:
9780191868276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829775.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Does ‘higher-order evidence’ that one’s belief is rationally flawed defeat its status as rational (as justified, as knowledge)? Such a view is committed to two claims. First, it is possible to ... More


Normative Uncertainty: What Do We Want from Policies to Address Childhood Obesity?

Kristin Voigt, Stuart G. Nicholls, and Garrath Williams

in Childhood Obesity: Ethical and Policy Issues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199964482
eISBN:
9780199362639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964482.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In addition to empirical uncertainties surrounding childhood obesity, there are also normative uncertainties–uncertainties about how to decide and how to act. This chapter emphasizes that the ... More


Does MITE Make Right?: On Decision-Making under Normative Uncertainty

Brian Hedden

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: 11

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198784647
eISBN:
9780191828775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We typically have to act under uncertainty. We can be uncertain about the relevant descriptive facts, but also about the relevant normative (particularly moral) facts. However, the search for a ... More


The Controllability Precautionary Principle: Justification of a Climate Policy Goal Under Uncertainty

Eugen Pissarskoi

in Climate Justice: Integrating Economics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198813248
eISBN:
9780191851230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813248.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

How can we reasonably justify a climate policy goal if we accept that only possible consequences from climate change are known? Precautionary principles seem to offer promising guidelines for ... More


Disagreement, Deference, and Religious Commitment

John Pittard

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190051815
eISBN:
9780190051846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051815.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

The striking extent of religious disagreement suggests that religious conviction is very often the result of processes that do not reliably produce true beliefs. For this reason, many have argued ... More


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