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We Have a Firm Foundation

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Explores the generic foundations of political theory in the twentieth century. It sorts and analyses the overarching perceptions of the political theory, at a broad level of generality, during the ... More


Care Theory and International Relations

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the question: What does it mean to care for others in international relations? Sara Ruddick, Fiona Robinson, and others have outlined international relations theories based upon ... More


Conclusion

Valerie Tiberius

in The Reflective Life: Living Wisely With Our Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199202867
eISBN:
9780191707988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202867.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of the major aims of the book, which are to explore the contribution to living well made by us, by articulating the nature of reflective wisdom; and ... More


Is Inequality a Threat to Democracy?

John Ferejohn

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Many believe that the government bears an active role and responsibility on how wealth and income are generated and distributed. With the rapid increase in income inequality in a number of the ... More


The Nature of Political Theory

Andrew Vincent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is a controversial book that challenges established views of contemporary political theory. It offers a synoptic, critical, and comparative analysis of the widely different accounts of how the ... More


The English School and International Theory

Hidemi Suganami

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The author outlines and assesses the contribution the English School of International Relations to theory in the study of world politics by discussing in turn each of three aspects of theorizing: ... More


Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Roland Kley

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines the work of one of the most controversial figures in recent social and political thought. Revered by some as the most important 20th century theorist of the free society, Friedrich ... More


Embedded Selves, Transnational Duties, and Distant Strangers

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the groundwork for constructing a qualified ethical cosmopolitan position. It maintains that normative International Relations (IR) theory must respond to the attempts to ... More


The Empirical Study of Justice

Jon Elster

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Jon Elster surveys and classifies a wide range of literature that informs the study of justice. He positions Michael Walzer's theory of justice in relation to the three main categories into which he ... More


Introduction

Amy G. Mazur

in Theorizing Feminist Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246724
eISBN:
9780191599859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246726.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the aims, arguments, and approach of the book to analysing gender and policy issues in comparative perspective. It defines the new area of Feminist Comparative Policy in terms of ... More


Remapping the Community: Feminist Ethics and the Challenge to ‘Communities of Place’

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses an outline of the shared ground between communitarian political thought and one branch of feminist ethics. These claim to reject abstraction and impartiality in ethical ... More


On ‘Democracy’ and ‘Democratization’

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Discusses these two key terms and the linkages between them, as they bear on contemporary experience. The key conclusions are that we need a ‘floating but anchored’ conception of democracy and that ... More


Remainders and opportunities: recent theories of political representation

Michael Saward

in The Representative Claim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter offers a focused critique of classic and contemporary accounts of political representation, notably those of Pitkin, Mansbridge and Rehfeld. The purpose of this critique is to highlight ... More


Ethics Without Principles

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270026
eISBN:
9780191601729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is in three parts. The first part discusses the nature of contributory reasons, set in the more general context of normative theory. It introduces and defends a distinction between reasons ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Real Civil Societies: Dilemmas of Institutionalization

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Civil Sphere

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162509
eISBN:
9780199943364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162509.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Civil society has been conceived in three ideal-typical ways. These have succeeded one another in historical time, though each remains a significant intellectual and social force today. This chapter ... More


Classical Utilitarianism in a Limited World

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses normative considerations on population and savings. It has five sections. The first discusses parental concerns on the well‐being of their children in relation ... More


Teaching the Normative Theory of Causal Reasoning

Richard Seheines, Matt Easterday, and David Danks

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Nearly all of the psychological research on human causal learning involves naïve participants; that is, individuals who have not been taught the normative theory in any way, shape, or form. Almost ... More


Right and Good

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers how far what one ought to do when facing a decision of life and death is determined by the goodness of the distribution that will result. It defines, examines and assesses the ... More


For a Consequentialist Theory

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

in Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The upshot of Chapter 2 is that we ought to have a normative theory which will tell us how all the various matters that are settled by a criminal justice system should be determined. We ought to have ... More


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