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Cosmopolitan Republicanism and the Rule of Law

James Bohman

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses a republican conception of the rule of law. It argues that republican freedom demands more of the rule of law than either the formal requirements of justice as regularity or ... More


Normative State Power in International Relations

Marjo Koivisto

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652792
eISBN:
9780191745270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652792.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

While the relationship between norms and the state is an omnipresent research theme in International Relations (IR), variants of international theory from classical liberalism to recent ... More


The Possibility of Consent

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

For Hume the power of consent raised the Problem of Normative Power as much as the power to make promises. To see the parallel here we must distinguish the power of consent from the normative ... More


Being Responsible, Taking Responsibility, and Penumbral Agency

David Enoch

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Taking as the point of departure Bernard Williams' influential thoughts about agent-regret, the chapter distinguishes between being responsible and taking responsibility. The chapter argues that ... More


Introduction

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Certain basic notions are introduced, e.g. normative interest, normative power, deontic value. Three different ways in which obligation can be choice-dependent are distinguished. Various key claims ... More


Introduction: The Problem of State Normativity in International Relations

Marjo Koivisto

in Normative State Power in International Relations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652792
eISBN:
9780191745270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652792.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The normativity of political institutions is an omnipresent research theme in International Relations scholarship. Cosmopolitan political values are contrasted with communitarian ones, especially in ... More


What is a Promise?

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is it to make a sincere promise? It is commonly believed that a sincere promisor must intend to do what he is promising to do. But a promisor need not communicate the intention of doing what he ... More


Voluntary Obligations and Normative Powers *

Joseph Raz

in Normativity and Norms: Critical Perspectives on Kelsenian Themes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198763154
eISBN:
9780191695209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198763154.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues that a satisfactory analysis of voluntary obligations must be conducted in terms of normative powers. To substantiate this claim, it examines in some detail the concepts of a ... More


Powers and Power-Conferring Norms *

Neil MacCormick

in Normativity and Norms: Critical Perspectives on Kelsenian Themes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198763154
eISBN:
9780191695209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198763154.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines norms or rules that confer power. This is done from a particular point of view, that of the ‘normativist institutionalism’, proposed in broadly similar terms by Ota Weinberger ... More


Normative power Europe: a tool for advancing social solidarity within and beyond Europe?

Andy Storey

in Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847427274
eISBN:
9781447305552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The idea of the EU constituting a form of ‘normative power’ defining solidarity, social justice and equality in its external relations is one that holds significant appeal – not only to European ... More


Powers and Power-Conferring Rules

in H.L.A. Hart, Second Edition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756785
eISBN:
9780804779562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756785.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

When one makes a promise, he is “opting in” to a particular obligation. A promise is an obligation, regardless of ulterior intention or motive. H. L. A. Hart refers to the making of a promise the ... More


The Problem with Promising

David Owens

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Why have philosophers since Hume regarded promising as problematic? This chapter distinguishes two problems raised by Hume. The problem of the bare wrong is the problem of how it can make sense to ... More


The Problem with Promising

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Hume asked how it is possible to bind oneself by making a promise. Since breach of promise is, in essence, a bare wronging, Hume’s Problem of Normative Power is best understood as an instance ... More


Is There a Reason to Keep a Promise?

Joseph Raz

in Philosophical Foundations of Contract Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713012
eISBN:
9780191781414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713012.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

If promises are binding there must be a reason to do as one promised. The chapter is motivated by belief that there is a difficulty in explaining what that reason is. It arises because the reasons ... More


‘Normative Power’ and the Power(lessness) of Norms: Constitutional Foreign Policy Objectives and Theories of International Relations

Joris Larik

in Foreign Policy Objectives in European Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198736394
eISBN:
9780191799976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736394.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

Chapter 5 systematizes the conceptual overlaps between the legal analysis conducted in the previous chapters and the debate in international relations on the kind of power that the EU represents on ... More


Against Following Orders

Victor Tadros

in To Do, To Die, To Reason Why: Individual Ethics in War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198831549
eISBN:
9780191869310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831549.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues against the popular thought that superiors in the armed forces can issue authoritative commands to those below them in the chain of command. This culture of subservience is widely ... More


EU and EU member states’ responses to the Arab Spring1

Irene Fernández-Molina

in Political Change in the Middle East and North Africa: After the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474415286
eISBN:
9781474438551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415286.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter argues that the EU’s response(s) to the Arab Spring can be best described as hybrid and is (are) closely reflective of the very hybridity of the EU’s international identity. On the one ... More


Forfeiture and Self-Defense

Kimberly Kessler Ferzan

in The Ethics of Self-Defense

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190206086
eISBN:
9780190206116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206086.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The idea behind someone’s being “liable” to self-defense is that the person has forfeited her rights. This chapter explores how we ought to understand how and why individuals forfeit such rights. ... More


The Roles of Rights

David Owens

in Civil Wrongs and Justice in Private Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190865269
eISBN:
9780190865290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865269.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter aims to clarify the moral foundations of private law’s response to wrongs, as well as the underlying deontic structure of relationships of right, duty, wrong, and remedy in ethics and in ... More


The normative role of the EU in the eastern region

Beatrix Futák-Campbell

in Practising EU Foreign Policy: Russia and the Eastern Neighbours

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780719095894
eISBN:
9781526132369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095894.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter focuses on norms and the functions of norms in EU foreign policy. The analysis presented here offers an evaluation of the EU’s role as a normative power in the region, examining what EU ... More


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