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Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language

Stephen Finlay

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199347490
eISBN:
9780199347513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347490.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Can normative words like ‘good’, ‘ought’, and ‘reason’ be defined in entirely non-normative terms? This book argues that they can, advancing an end-relational theory of the meaning of this language ... More


Contextualist Solutions to Three Puzzles about Practical Conditionals 1

Janice L. Dowell

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses three puzzles about practical conditionals and inferences and shows how the flexible, contextualist semantic framework for “ought”. The chapter develops elsewhere resolves all ... More


Normative Language in Context

Alex Silk

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a contextualist account of normative language, focusing on broadly normative readings of modal verbs. The account draws on a more general framework for implementing a ... More


Extension I: Deontic Modals

Alex Silk

in Discourse Contextualism: A Framework for Contextualist Semantics and Pragmatics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198783923
eISBN:
9780191826573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783923.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 5 begins to develop an improved contextualist account of normative language by applying the Discourse Contextualist framework to deontic modals. Though epistemic modals and deontic modals ... More


Normativity in Language and Law

Alex Silk

in Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190640408
eISBN:
9780190640439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640408.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter develops an account of the meaning and use of various types of legal claims, and uses this account to inform debates about the nature and normativity of law. The account draws on a ... More


Expressivism by Force

Seth Yalcin

in New Work on Speech Acts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198738831
eISBN:
9780191802058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738831.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There is on the one hand the traditional speech act-theoretic notion of illocutionary force, and there is on the other hand the kind of notion of force we have in mind when we are theorizing in ... More


The Pitfalls of ‘Reasons’

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many philosophers working on normative issues follow the ‘Reasons First’ program. According to this program, the concept of a ‘normative reason’ for an action or an attitude is the most fundamental ... More


Evaluative Language and Evaluative Reality

Matti Eklund

in Thick Concepts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672349
eISBN:
9780191751325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672349.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This paper addresses the following two questions: (1) What it is for a linguistic expression or a concept to be evaluative (or normative)? (2) What it is for a property or a fact to be evaluative (or ... More


The Pragmatics of Normative Disagreement

Stephen Finlay

in Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199347582
eISBN:
9780199347605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347582.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Relational theories of normative language allegedly face special problems in accounting for the extent of disagreement, but this is everybody’s problem, because normative sentences are relativized to ... More


Discourse Contextualism: A Framework for Contextualist Semantics and Pragmatics

Alex Silk

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198783923
eISBN:
9780191826573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book investigates context-sensitivity in natural language by examining the meaning and use of a target class of theoretically recalcitrant expressions. These expressions—including epistemic ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This series is devoted to original philosophical work in the foundations of ethics. It provides an annual selection of much of the best new scholarship being done in the field. Its broad purview ... More


Between Voß and Schröder: German Translations of Virgil’s Aeneid

Ulrich Eigler

in Virgil and his Translators

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198810810
eISBN:
9780191847950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810810.003.0025
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter argues that German translations of Virgil are the result of a complicated process, in which history of reception and history of translations move alongside one another. It explores the ... More


Must Functionalists Be Aristotelians?

Robert C. Koons and Alexander Pruss

in Causal Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198796572
eISBN:
9780191837838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796572.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Functionalism in the theory of mind requires an account of function that has a normative component—mere conditional connection (whether indicative or sub-junctive) is not enough. For instance, a ... More


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