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Normative Innovation and the Great Powers

Justin Morris

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In this final chapter, The author asks whether the shift from a multipolar to unipolar society of states has led to normative change in international society, using the norm prohibiting the use of ... More


Legitimacy and Norms

Ian Clark

in Legitimacy in International Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199219193
eISBN:
9780191717734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219193.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the relationship between legitimacy and its cognate norms; namely, those of legality, morality, and constitutionality. It criticizes propositions to the effect that a choice can ... More


Explaining International Norm Change

Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter offers three main arguments. The first is a claim that existing perspectives on international norms are limited by their focus on norms as outcomes. The second main argument develops a ... More


International Norm Change

Wayne Sandholtz

in Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins with a brief description of the primary goal of the book, which is to provide a general model of international norm change and probe its usefulness by explaining the development ... More


Cooperation and Power in a Pluralist World

Nico Krisch

in Beyond Constitutionalism: The Pluralist Structure of Postnational Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199228317
eISBN:
9780191594793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228317.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

Chapter 7 focuses on prospects of cooperation and problems of power in pluralism. Assertions of competing supremacy claims are typically part of processes of change in the respective regimes, and ... More


Conclusion

Ian Clark

in Legitimacy in International Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199219193
eISBN:
9780191717734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219193.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents some final thoughts. It discusses the reasons why legitimacy matters and maps out the history of the gradual shift in normative bases of legitimacy. It concludes that principles ... More


Cycles of International Norm Change

Kendall Stiles and Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It discusses the triggering cycles of norm change, tensions among norms, the nature of normative arguments, role of power ... More


Dynamics of International Norm Change

Wayne Sandholtz

in Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the dynamics of international norm change. It argues that a single great power cannot dictate norms, but agreement among the major states is usually a prerequisite for norm ... More


Protecting Cultural Treasures in Wartime

Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter assesses the evolution of international norms against cultural plundering, focusing on two crucial turns through the cycle of normative change: the Napoleonic Wars and World War II. The ... More


The Emerging Right to Democracy

Alix van Sickle and with Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines how the “right to democracy” gained normative force in the 1990s. It begins by discussing the normative context that prevailed in the international system prior to the Third ... More


Extraterritoriality: Expanding Exclusive Internal Jurisdiction

Titus Chih-Chieh Chen

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Norm change frequently occurs (1) when norms are in tension with each other and (2) when the “fit” between norms and concrete experience is disputed. This chapter provides historical case studies in ... More


A discourse theoretical approach to normative change

Judith Renner

in Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780719088025
eISBN:
9781781705872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088025.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 1 sets out to develop the theoretical framework for the book‘s undertaking. It outlines a discourse theoretical approach for the critical analysis of normative change which builds ... More


Refugees and Asylum

William Chiu

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores how, through various steps and missteps, international norms governing refugees and asylum-seekers have evolved in response to events and crises of the 20th century. The two ... More


Humanitarian Intervention

Heather Jacques Wood, Taylor Nuttall, and Kendall Stiles

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reviews the normative context (the state of the discourse and international practice regarding humanitarian intervention) circa 1945. It assesses the extent to which the debates ... More


Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics

Judith Renner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780719088025
eISBN:
9781781705872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088025.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book offers a new and critical perspective on the global reconciliation technology by highlighting its contingent and highly political character as an authoritative practice of post-conflict ... More


UN peacekeeping in intra-state conflicts: evolution of the normative basis

Eşref Aksu

in The United Nations, Intra-state Peacekeeping and Normative Change

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067488
eISBN:
9781781700525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067488.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the normative change dimension to account for the historical trends that affects or influences the United Nations' (UN) peacekeeping function. It suggests that the early 1960s ... More


Reflections on international normative change

Eşref Aksu

in The United Nations, Intra-state Peacekeeping and Normative Change

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067488
eISBN:
9781781700525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067488.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the normative change in the international peacekeeping operations of the United Nations (UN). It explains that the normative basis of UN peacekeeping in intra-state conflicts ... More


War in the 1990s: Crimes against Cultural Heritage

Wayne Sandholtz

in Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines recent developments that have contributed to the ongoing cycle of normative evolution. It focuses on two wars in the 1990s that propelled the protection of cultural treasures ... More


Banning Piracy: The State Monopoly on Military Force

Kendall Stiles

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Norms on piracy have moved through several distinct cycles of change, involving intense disputes over definitions of piracy and over rules for the high seas. The trigger for the development of ... More


Slavery: Liberal Norms and Human Rights

Kendall Stiles

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins with a brief review of slavery through the late-18th century, with an emphasis on the broad consensus over the legitimacy of the institution and its centrality to international ... More


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