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The Non-Normal Sciences: Survivals of Renaissance Thought in the Eighteenth Century

Gloria Flaherty

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Sometimes the non-normal sciences represented a revolt against the excesses of Newtonianism, but mostly they were various kinds of survivals from earlier ages that had retained some of the old ... More


Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

Claire Pouncey

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Although the National Institute of Mental Health characterizes its Research Domain Criteria program as a “paradigm shift,” its change in emphasis from discrete mental disorders to psychophysiological ... More


At the Crossroads: Policy Issue Substance, Congress, and American Political Development

John S. Lapinski

in The Substance of Representation: Congress, American Political Development, and Lawmaking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137810
eISBN:
9781400848638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137810.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter makes a final case that policy issue substance is critical for understanding contemporary and historical lawmaking. Neglecting the direct study of policy issue substance has ... More


A New Image for Science

Steven L. Goldman

in Science Wars: The Battle over Knowledge and Reality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197518625
eISBN:
9780197518656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518625.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Thomas Kuhn subverted the image of science that had become entrenched by the mid-twentieth century, that science was a body of knowledge produced by logical reasoning about objective facts. Kuhn ... More


Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Robert J. "Richards and Lorraine Daston (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty is a collection of essay in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s famous book. The essays reconstruct the ... More


A Paradigm Shift in Classical Archaeology?

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623334
eISBN:
9780748653577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter sets the recent and partial transformation in the content and practice of classical archaeology against the background of Thomas S. Kuhn's well-known work, The Structure of Scientific ... More


Kuhn’s Gap: From Logic to Sociology

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses and characterizes the gap between logical and social-institutional perspectives in terms of argumentation theory after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific ... More


Innovation Studies: Evolution and Future Challenges

Jan Fagerberg, Ben R. Martin, and Esben Sloth Andersen (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686346
eISBN:
9780191766251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686346.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

Innovation is increasingly recognized as a vitally important social and economic phenomenon worthy of serious research study. Firms are concerned about their innovation ability, particularly relative ... More


The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Mark S. Massa

in The Structure of Theological Revolutions: How the Fight Over Birth Control Transformed American Catholicism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190851408
eISBN:
9780190851439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851408.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents a more detailed examination of Thomas Kuhn’s structure than that provided in the Introduction. The chapter explains how and why Kuhn’s book permanently rejected the idea of ... More


Conclusion

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

in The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion reviews Ovshinsky’s accomplishments and historical significance. Ovshinsky is now gaining mare recognition. In May 2015 he was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of ... More


The Normalisation of Natural Philosophy: Occasional Causality and Coarse-Grained Reality

Andrea Sangiacomo (ed.)

in History of Universities Volume XXXIII/2

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780192893833
eISBN:
9780191914799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893833.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This article investigates whether it possible to derive a new narrative about the transformation of early modern natural philosophy from the way in which natural philosophy was systematized in ... More


Among the Pros (and Cons)

John T. Lysaker

in Philosophy, Writing, and the Character of Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226569567
eISBN:
9780226569734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226569734.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter establishes that professional writing in philosophy most often operates like a "normal science," a term Lysaker takes from after Thomas Kuhn. Most writing by professional philosophers in ... More


Intermezzo

Subrata Dasgupta

in It Began with Babbage: The Genesis of Computer Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199309412
eISBN:
9780197562857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199309412.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

By the end of World War II, independent of one another (and sometimes in mutual ignorance), a small assortment of highly creative minds—mathematicians, engineers, physicists, astronomers, and even ... More


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