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The Economics of Resource Nonuse

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter uses an outgrowth of economics—game theory—to make the case that a more optimal result might occur if the natural resources “game” is viewed as consisting of more than just humans who ... More


Defining Natural Resource Use and Nonuse

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins with a description of natural resource use and nonuse values. All natural resources consist of both a use and nonuse component. The use dimension in turn is divided into two ... More


Era IV—The Anthrocene Age

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the fourth era of resource use and nonuse—the Anthrocene Age. Era IV may be called the Anthrocene Age because of the prominent role played by human anthropogenic decisions. Era ... More


Era V—The Age of Ecocentrism

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the fifth era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Ecocentrism. In Eras II and III, resources were used in different ways by the user. In Era IV, nonusers became players and ... More


An Introduction to the History of Law and Natural Resources

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Laws initially encouraged and protected resource use. Contract law permitted one user to make enforceable, credible marketplace deals with other potential users of resources so that the resource ... More


Second-Generation Laws: Protecting Human Nonuse Interests

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter reviews second-generation laws that protect the nonuse health benefits that humans experience when public environmental goods are not employed as a pollution sink; preserve natural ... More


Toward a Third Generation of Nonanthropocentric Resource Nonuse Laws

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter argues that the first- and second-generation resource laws are self-limiting because they conceive of nature and natural resources as goods that have no inherent value, and instead ... More


The Science of Resource Nonuse

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter argues that some of the fundamental forces and scientific “laws” of the universe may reveal that natural resources are not just made up of use qualities, but also a parallel, and equal, ... More


The Problem of Government Regulation: The Emerging Shift from Anthropocentric to Ecocentric Nonuse Laws

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses how modern regulations have already started to acknowledge purely ecocentric goals whose aim is not simply to benefit humans. It suggests that the most dramatic, and possibly ... More


The Problem of Rights Creation: Can Natural Resources Have Legal Rights?

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter explores the parameters of the natural resources that might be provisioned with a legal right, the justifications for such a right, and the limits that would follow if such a right were ... More


The Problem of Standing: May Natural Resources Raise Their Own Right of Nonuse?

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter seeks to establish that, in the United States, a standing test for natural resource protection should not necessarily be based only in terms of an injury to a human being. In federal ... More


Preservation Paradigms and Tropical Rain Forests

Randall A. Kramer and Carel P. van Schaik

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195095548
eISBN:
9780197560808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195095548.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Conservation of the Environment

Tropical rain forests are disappearing rapidly as a result of increasing human encroachment. During the past century, tropical rain forests have been reduced to about ... More


The deep ocean’s link to culture and global processes: nonextractive value of the deep sea

Andrew R. Thurber and Amanda N. Netburn

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The ocean covers a vast region of the planet and is often thought of as remote and poorly known. However, more than a century of research has made it clear that the ocean provides many beneficial and ... More


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