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Introduction

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book examines how the global environment is regulated and, in particular, the diversity of actors involved in addressing the problem of climate change. It considers the role of private actors, ... More


The Janus-Faced Relation of Religious Actors and Human Security: Islamic and Secular Values in Turkey

Murat Somer

in Religion and Human Security: A Global Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827732
eISBN:
9780199950553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827732.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter underlines the Janus-faced nature of religious nonstate actors' involvement in the provision and protection of human welfare, rights, and freedoms. In doing so, it draws on a critical ... More


The Fall and Rise of Nonstate Violence

Ward Thomas

in The New Dogs of War: Nonstate Actor Violence in International Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501758898
eISBN:
9781501758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501758898.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the dramatic growth in nonstate actor violence, focusing on the crucial role played in this trend by changes in international norms. It seeks to understand the rise of nonstate ... More


What’s At Stake?: The Implications of Nonstate Actor Violence

Ward Thomas

in The New Dogs of War: Nonstate Actor Violence in International Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501758898
eISBN:
9781501758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501758898.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter returns to the idea that the case studies of nonstate violence examined in the book are, in fact, parts of a single phenomenon — one with important implications for the international ... More


Violence by Nonstate Actors

Sarah Birch

in Electoral Violence, Corruption, and Political Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203621
eISBN:
9780691203645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203621.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses nonstate electoral violence, exploring the circumstances under which nonstate actors resort to violent means to achieve their ends, how state-initiated violence and nonstate ... More


Nonstate Actors in Armed Conflicts: Issues of Distinction and Reciprocity

Daphné Richemond-Barak

in New Battlefields/Old Laws: Critical Debates on Asymmetric Warfare

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152358
eISBN:
9780231526562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152358.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the role of nonstate actors in armed conflicts, with particular emphasis on the principles of distinction and reciprocity in international humanitarian law. Adopting a ... More


Adaptive Institutions and Networked Governance

Jeffrey D. Pugh

in The Invisibility Bargain: Governance Networks and Migrant Human Security

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197538692
eISBN:
9780197538722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197538692.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 lays out the main argument of the book, that in the context of the invisibility bargain, a democratic government has a political incentive to prioritize the interests of citizens over ... More


Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Jessica F. Green

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book examines the role of nonstate actors in global environmental politics, arguing that a fuller understanding of their role requires a new way of conceptualizing private authority. It ... More


Polar Environmental Governance and Nonstate Actors

Sébastien Duyck

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The role of nonstate actors in polar governance is complex. In Antarctica, the private sector managed to successfully avoid regulation of tourism under the Antarctic Treaty System through ... More


The Political Economy of International Cooperation

Lisa L. Martin

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Over the past 15 years, the field of international relations has produced a great deal of work on international cooperation and international institutions. This work has immediate relevance for ... More


Toward an Adaptive International Humanitarian Law: New Norms for New Battlefields

William C. Banks

in New Battlefields/Old Laws: Critical Debates on Asymmetric Warfare

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152358
eISBN:
9780231526562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152358.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book presents key debates on the legal underpinnings and policy implications of asymmetric warfare for international humanitarian law (IHL) as it confronts new challenges, conflicts, actors, ... More


The Difficulties of Legal Classification

Christine Bell

in On the Law of Peace: Peace Agreements and the Lex Pacificatoria

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199226832
eISBN:
9780191710261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226832.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter deals further with the technical difficulties of legal classification, and begins to demonstrate how a simple choice between a law and a nonlaw form of agreement does not exist in the ... More


Coherence and Contestation: Explaining International Normative Change

Ward Thomas

in The New Dogs of War: Nonstate Actor Violence in International Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501758898
eISBN:
9781501758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501758898.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents the theoretical framework for the nonstate actor violence in international politics, examining an important but neglected cause of normative change. It unfolds a different ... More


International Dispute Settlement

Karen J. Alter

in The New Terrain of International Law: Courts, Politics, Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154749
eISBN:
9781400848683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154749.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks at the seventeen international courts (ICs) with the formal jurisdiction to adjudicate disputes pertaining to a broad range of issues. Fourteen of these ICs have jurisdiction to ... More


Collaboration Meets Carceral Protection

Jennifer Musto

in Control and Protect: Collaboration, Carceral Protection, and Domestic Sex Trafficking in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520281950
eISBN:
9780520957749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281950.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores how efforts to identify and protect “at risk” victims of domestic sex trafficking have resulted in interventions that blur carceral control with protection, such as arresting or ... More


State-Nonstate Alliances in Civil War: A New Balance-of-Interests Theory

Yelena Biberman

in Gambling with Violence: State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190929961
eISBN:
9780190930004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190929961.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops a new balance-of-interests framework for understanding how states and nonstate actors identify and enlist one another as allies in times of civil war. It begins by considering ... More


Indian Muslim Leadership: Predicaments and Possibilities for Human Security

Rowena Robinson

in Religion and Human Security: A Global Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827732
eISBN:
9780199950553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827732.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the relationship between the Indian state, Muslim nonstate actors, and the inherent relationship between religion, secularity, and human security. It focuses on Muslim activists ... More


Combatants and Civilians in Asymmetric Wars

Jens David Ohlin and Larry May

in Necessity in International Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190622930
eISBN:
9780190622961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622930.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the dividing line between combatants and civilians during contemporary asymmetric conflicts against nonstate actors, the preeminent type of military conflict in this age of ... More


Gambling with Violence: State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India

Yelena Biberman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190929961
eISBN:
9780190930004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190929961.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

State outsourcing of violence to nonstate actors is a global practice that challenges our notions of legitimate warfare, statehood, and citizenship. It matters for counterinsurgency, civil war ... More


Underground Warfare: From a Tool of War to a Global Security Threat

Daphné Richemond-Barak

in Underground Warfare

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190457242
eISBN:
9780190457280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190457242.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter builds on the past to learn about the future: How does today’s use of tunnels differ from yesterday’s? What will tomorrow’s underground warfare look like? These questions are answered ... More


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