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Idealizing Morality

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 5 considers how unavoidable moral failure becomes obscured in theorizing about oppression and resistance to oppression, and more specifically, how this takes place through feminist and ... More


The feasibility of global poverty eradication in nonideal circumstances

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses the feasibility challenge against conceptions of global justice as it applies to the fulfillment of basic socioeconomic human rights. Section 4.1 introduces the challenge. ... More


Policing as Nonideal Governance by Law

Luke William Hunt

in The Retrieval of Liberalism in Policing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190904999
eISBN:
9780190905026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904999.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The goal of this chapter is, first, to set forth a principled method for the evaluation and pursuit of nonideal policies that address injustice and, second, to describe the broad outline of an ideal ... More


Philosophers-Citizens

Eric Beerbohm

in In Our Name: The Ethics of Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154619
eISBN:
9781400842384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154619.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter challenges an account of citizenship that treats us as political philosophers or perennial deliberators and instead proposes the model of the philosopher-citizen who exhibits a ... More


Introduction: Animals, Justice, and Nonideal Theory

Robert Garner

in A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides a general sketch of the book's content and structure. It considers the history of justice discourse in the animal ethics literature, and asserts that justice has typically been ... More


Disobedience, Nonideal Theory, and Historical Illegitimacy

A. John Simmons

in Boundaries of Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190603489
eISBN:
9780190603502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603489.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 2 examines the justified aims or objects of legal disobedience. It begins with the famous theory of civil disobedience defended by John Rawls. This is contrasted with the approach taken by ... More


The Role of Ideal Theory

Christie Hartley

in Equal Citizenship and Public Reason: A Feminist Political Liberalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190683023
eISBN:
9780190683061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses whether political liberalism’s commitment to ideal theory makes it ill-suited for theorizing about justice for socially subordinated groups such as women and racial minorities. ... More


Systemic Effects

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces new arguments for the thesis that judges have all-things-considered reasons to obey nonpermissive rules. These arguments appeal to the systemic effects of deviating from the ... More


The Trouble with Justice

Michael Goodhart

in Injustice: Political Theory for the Real World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190692421
eISBN:
9780190692469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190692421.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter offers a review and critique of the core assumptions and procedures of ideal moral theory, the dominant approach to theorizing questions of justice and injustice in global normative ... More


Animal Rights as Ideal and Nonideal Theory

Robert Garner

in A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, ideal and nonideal theories of justice for animals are described and defended. According to the enhanced sentience position, animals have a right not to have suffering inflicted upon ... More


Conclusion

Robert Garner

in A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter summarises the debate of the book. It emphasises that at the level of ideal theory, the animal ethics debate is polarised with advocates of animal welfare at one end of the spectrum and ... More


Can Nonideal Theories of Justice Guide Action?

Robert B. Talisse

in Political Utopias: Contemporary Debates

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190280598
eISBN:
9780190280628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280598.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper attempts to clarify the debate between ideal and nonideal theorists of justice. After laying out a general picture of the dispute, the chapter raises a criticism of one prevalent form of ... More


Introduction

Michael Moehler

in Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198785927
eISBN:
9780191827655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785927.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter the author discusses the core concepts that underlie the two-level contractarian theory developed in this book, in particular the concepts of deep moral pluralism, traditional ... More


Ideal and Nonideal Theory

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946883
eISBN:
9780190946913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946883.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Time has come to apply the theories in the real world. We have seen that in the metaphysical laboratory, where we put them to crucial tests in our thought experiments, the theories conflict. Now time ... More


The Animal Welfare Ethic

Robert Garner

in A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Animal welfare as an ethic is defined principally by reference to what it is not. In particular, the animal welfare ethic is distinguished from animal welfare science and from the utilitarianism of ... More


Pragmatism’s Contribution to Nonideal Theorizing: Fraser, Addams, and Rorty

Christopher Voparil

in Pragmatism and Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190459239
eISBN:
9780190459260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459239.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter frames Nancy Fraser’s important shift from normal to abnormal justice as a move to the nonideal that brings historical oppression and asymmetrical relations between human beings into the ... More


Empirical Approaches to Problems of Injustice: Elizabeth Anderson and the Pragmatists

Gregory Fernando Pappas

in Pragmatism and Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190459239
eISBN:
9780190459260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459239.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Anderson’s Imperative of Integration (2010) has been considered an instantiation of a nonideal pragmatist’s approach to political philosophy, one that challenges the way mainstream analytic political ... More


Borders

A. John Simmons

in Boundaries of Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190603489
eISBN:
9780190603502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603489.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 9 examines another kind of property-like right claimed by modern states: the right to control movement across state borders. The chapter discusses the connections between the idea of national ... More


A Realistic Utopianism?

Alan Thomas

in Republic of Equals: Predistribution and Property-Owning Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190602116
eISBN:
9780190602130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190602116.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

There has been a persistent confusion between the different ideas of ideal versus nonideal theory and realistic versus unrealistic utopianism. In this chapter, this methodological issue is discussed ... More


Gender Role Eliminativism: Feminized Power and the Public

Serene J. Khader

in Decolonizing Universalism: A Transnational Feminist Ethic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190664190
eISBN:
9780190664237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190664190.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter asks whether postcolonial defenses of feminized power and criticisms of the incorporation of women into a gender-neutral public sphere can be understood as compatible with feminism. It ... More


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