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Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Walter T. Grandy, Jr.

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is based on the premise that the entropy concept, a fundamental element of probability theory as logic governs all of the thermal physics, both equilibrium and nonequilibrium. The ... More


Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Nikolai Kopnin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507888
eISBN:
9780191709722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507888.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book presents modern theory of nonstationary and nonequilibrium superconductivity. It deals with superconductors in external fields varying in time and studies transport phenomena in ... More


From Niches to Distributions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the conceptual bases for the discrepancy between species’ potential geographic distributional areas and their occupied distributional areas, focusing on the case of conditions ... More


A Primer for Dynamical Systems

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the reader to some of the main conceptual ideas behind dynamical systems theory from the perspective of an experimentalist. It first considers the qualitative approaches used ... More


Adding the Ecosystem

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how nutrient recycling and decomposition affect the dynamics and stability of food webs. It first reviews some of the existing theory on detritus and food web dynamics before ... More


Glasses and Quenched Disorder

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter refers to the previous chapter in which the discontinuous behavior of thermodynamic functions at a phase transition was referred to as “carefully controlled conditions.” To proceed to ... More


Spin Glasses: General Features

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter finally deals with the concept of spin glasses. The intention is not to provide anything approaching a thorough history of the subject. The field today is broad, with threads and ... More


Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics: Concurrent Multiscale Simulation at Finite Temperature Protect 1

Robert E. Rudd

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) is a computer modeling technique that couples conventional molecular dynamics (MD) in some spatial regions of the simulation to a more coarse-grained ... More


Nonequilibrium States

T. Grandy Walter

in Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the first extension of the maximum entropy principle to nonequilibrium states, with applications to inhomogeneous systems. An initial contact with linear transport processes in ... More


Steady-State Processes

T. Grandy Walter

in Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents an application to nonequilibrium stationary processes, with a focus on simple fluids.


Thermal Driving

T. Grandy Walter

in Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the concept of thermal driving, wherein very general external sources that go beyond simple mechanical and electrical forces are envisioned, from baseball bats to Bunsen ... More


INELASTIC TUNNELING SPECTROSCOPY OF SINGLE SURFACE ADSORBED MOLECULES

S. G. Tikhodeev and H. Ueba

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews recent results on the inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy of a single absorbed molecule. An adsorbate-induced resonance coupled to the molecular vibration is analyzed. A ... More


Introduction to astrophysical lasers

Vladilen Letokhov and Sveneric Johansson

in Astrophysical Lasers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548279
eISBN:
9780191720512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548279.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents an overview of ideas of the nonequilibrium state of matter that emerged in the last thirty years of the 20th century, which are surprisingly similar to the schemes for laser ... More


Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The creationist claim that evolution is inconsistent with the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy in the universe increases, is discussed and refuted: local reductions in entropy ... More


Exciton–phonon interaction in quantum wells

A.V Akimov

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the interaction of two-dimensional excitons with phonons. The specific feature of the exciton-phonon interaction is the importance of both electrons and holes coupled by ... More


Entropic fluctuations in quantum statistical mechanics—an introduction

V. Jakšić, Y. Ogata, Y. Pautrat, and C.-A. Pillet

in Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a self-contained introduction to some recent developments in nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. In the elementary framework of finite dimensional quantum systems it ... More


Kinetic Theory and Transport Phenomena

Rodrigo Soto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716051
eISBN:
9780191824401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716051.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This textbook presents kinetic theory, which is a systematic approach to describing nonequilibrium systems. The text is balanced between the fundamental concepts of kinetic theory (irreversibility, ... More


Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The methods of coupled quantum field theory, which had great initial success in relativistic elementary particle physics and have subsequently played a major role in the extensive development of ... More


Energy Coupling

Yas̨ar Demirel

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes and elaborates on the energy coupling processes of living systems. First, equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems are discussed, introducing living systems as open, ... More


Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Klaus Morawetz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In quantum statistics based on many-body Green’s functions, the effective medium is represented by the selfenergy. This book aims to discuss the selfenergy from this point of view. The knowledge of ... More


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