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Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions ... More


Supply-Side Incentives

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter considers the relationship between nondiscrimination rules and supply-side incentives to invest in infrastructure. It frames and evaluates the oft-made claim that government-imposed ... More


The Internet and the Network Neutrality Debate

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter applies infrastructure theory to the particularly contentious “network neutrality” debate. At the heart of this debate is whether the Internet infrastructure will continue to be managed ... More


Interpretation Continued: The Structural Features of the TRIPS Agreement

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

in A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This Chapter further critiques DSB decisions by considering a mechanism to share examination workloads among national patent offices, and the EU’s Database Directive, which seeks to expand protection ... More


Development and Human Rights in India

Joel E. Oestreich

in Development and Human Rights: Rhetoric and Reality in India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190637347
eISBN:
9780190637378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190637347.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Democratization

This chapter discusses the key human rights challenges facing development agencies in India. It begins by defining what a rights-based approach to development is. It then lists the major issues of ... More


Ideology, Electoral Incentives, and Inclusion Outcomes across Countries

Rafaela M. Dancygier

in Dilemmas of Inclusion: Muslims in European Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691172590
eISBN:
9781400888108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172590.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates whether two countervailing forces—ideological commitments to equal treatment and the potential electoral leverage of the Muslim vote—can nevertheless lead to ... More


Government Procurement

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 10 concerns the plurilateral agreement on Government Procurement, one of two plurilateral agreements in force. This plurilateral agreement only binds a subset of the total WTO membership. ... More


State Trading Enterprises

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: GATT

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029841
eISBN:
9780262333894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029841.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter is dedicated to the discussion of disciplines imposed on state trading enterprises (e.g., state entities through which international trade is being channeled). Article XVII of GATT does ... More


The Context of Change

Jonathan S. Coley

in Gay on God's Campus: Mobilizing for LGBT Equality at Christian Colleges and Universities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636221
eISBN:
9781469636238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636221.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter addresses the question of how something that seemed unthinkable even in the early 2000s – LGBT inclusion at Christian colleges and universities – has suddenly become possible. ... More


Responding to Critics: Trade-Offs, Policy Choices, Historical Legacies, and Discrimination

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Terra Lawson-Remer, and Susan Randolph

in Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199735501
eISBN:
9780190226701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735501.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Democratization

This chapter explores the robustness of the Social and Economic Rights Fulfillment (SERF) Index to assumptions and choices made in its construction. More particularly, it addresses the following five ... More


The Policy Landscape

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The American policy landscape vis-à-vis racial profiling is multifaceted and complex, but a pervasive theme is that there is little effective policy that prevents police from racially profiling. ... More


A Winning Streak: Teaching Campaign Tactics, Building Statewide Organizations, and Spreading Victories

Amy L. Stone

in Gay Rights at the Ballot Box

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675470
eISBN:
9781452947464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675470.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter studies the “winning streak” of the LGBT movement against the Religious Right during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Between 1997 and 2003, more campaigns than ever before used tactics ... More


Nondiscrimination as a Claiming Paradigm

Aaron Xavier Fellmeth

in Paradigms of International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190611279
eISBN:
9780190611309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611279.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

Chapter 3 introduces the distinction between nondiscrimination rights and substantive human rights as alternative value-protection paradigms. It defines and describes the varieties of ... More


Interchangeability and Complementarity of Substantive and Nondiscrimination Paradigms

Aaron Xavier Fellmeth

in Paradigms of International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190611279
eISBN:
9780190611309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611279.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

Chapter 4 evaluates the extent of the equivalence between nondiscrimination rights and substantive rights for protecting the same or similar fundamental interests. It observes that each approach has ... More


Are Pre-existing Condition Exclusion Clauses Just?: Lessons from Causal and Ethical Considerations Regarding Genetic Testing

Robert T. Pennock

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the health care reform issue with significant public support: the prohibition on denying coverage for preexisting conditions, especially those identified by genetic testing. The ... More


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