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Experientialist Theories

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a sustained attack on what is probably the standard view in contemporary epistemology, experientialism, which maintains that basic beliefs are justified by the corresponding ... More


Sentience

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Dharmakīrti, Dignāga's very influential successor, expands the discussion with an impressive analysis of nonconceptual perceptual content. This chapter argues that Dharmakīrti's account should be ... More


Thought's Social Nature

Charles Travis

in Objectivity and the Parochial

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Wittgenstein, throughout his career, was deeply Fregean. Frege thought of thought as essentially social, in this sense: whatever I can think is what others could think, deny, debate, investigate. ... More


To Represent As So

Charles Travis

in Objectivity and the Parochial

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter is part of an explicit project of trying to understand later Wittgenstein in terms of his development of ideas already expounded and expanded on by Frege. In this case, the central ... More


Nonconceptual Content, Richness, and Fineness of Grain

Michael Tye

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter puts forth and defends three related claims about visual experience. First, it is argued that visual experiences have nonconceptual contents. Second, an explanation and defence is ... More


Information Processing, Phenomenal Consciousness, and Molyneux's Question

John Campbell

in Thought, Reference, and Experience: Themes from the Philosophy of Gareth Evans

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199248964
eISBN:
9780191719387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248964.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses some of the central issues raised by Evans's paper ‘Molyneux's question’, exploring how Evans's approach to Molyneux's question is informed by his account of the content of ... More


Brandom's Two‐Ply Error

Willem A. deVries and Paul Coates

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his Tales of the Mighty Dead, Robert B. Brandom's discussion of Sellars's two-ply account of observation and critique of Cartesian philosophies of mind makes several crucial errors that would ... More


Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self

Kristina Musholt

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029209
eISBN:
9780262329767
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029209.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. The book’s aim is to explain this ability and its development. It argues for a ... More


Pure Reason and Its Illusions

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter notes, following Kant, that our conceptual apparatus has an inherent tendency to rise above empirical restraints, with the result that our heads are filled with deeply entrenched ... More


Modest Responses to These Challenges

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A common thread runs through the previous three chapters: the detachment of the intellectual from all nonintellectual controlling constraints. The image of this difficulty is beautifully captured by ... More


The Case Against Cognitive Phenomenology

Peter Carruthers and Bénédicte Veillet

in Cognitive Phenomenology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199579938
eISBN:
9780191731112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579938.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The goal of this chapter is to mount a critique of the claim that cognitive content (that is, the kind of content possessed by our concepts and thoughts) makes a constitutive contribution to the ... More


Introduction

Christopher Peacocke

in The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199699568
eISBN:
9780191760730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699568.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The aim of the book is to present an integrated account of subjects of consciousness and the first person way of thinking about a subject of consciousness, and to apply the integrated account to some ... More


Positing Nonconceptual Representations

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the second chapter, the author describes some research by cognitive scientists, who posit nonconceptual representations to explain certain perceptual capacities (and incapacities). This research ... More


The Methodological Argument for Informational Teleosemantics

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Teleosemantic theories are diverse, but they all endorse the claim that semantic norms, to do with correct and incorrect representation, derive in part at least from functional norms, to do with ... More


Simple Minds

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Plainly enough, the right theory of mental content should (when fed the facts) assign the right contents to mental representations, but which ones are right? There is disagreement among philosophers ... More


Distal and Distant Red Squares

Karen Neander

in A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036146
eISBN:
9780262339865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036146.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The final chapter is about the notoriously difficult problem of distal content (the sixth of the content determinacy challenges listed in chapter 7). In relation to causal theories of reference, the ... More


Nonconceptual Content

Kristina Musholt

in Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029209
eISBN:
9780262329767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029209.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides a brief introduction to the distinction between conceptual and nonconceptual content and presents several arguments in favour of nonconceptual content. It argues that the ... More


Self-Representationalist Accounts of Nonconceptual Self-Consciousness

Kristina Musholt

in Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029209
eISBN:
9780262329767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029209.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contrasts self-representationalist and non-self-representationalist (or “no-self”) approaches to self-consciousness. It discusses arguments in favour of the view that the self is ... More


Phenomenology and Semantics

Andrew Inkpin

in Disclosing the World: On the Phenomenology of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262033916
eISBN:
9780262333955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033916.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Heidegger’s claim (chapter 2) that propositional content has a prepredicative foundation to assess the relationship between a phenomenological approach to language and ... More


Nonconceptual Self-Consciousness and Cognitive Science

José Luis Bermúdez

in The Bodily Self: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037501
eISBN:
9780262344661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037501.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Taking as point of departure a paradox (the paradox of self-consciousness) that appears to block philosophical elucidation of self-consciousness, this paper illustrates how highly conceptual forms of ... More


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