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Last Resort and Noncombatant Immunity

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the first part of this chapter, the idea of last resort is interrelated with the idea of ‘coercive military threat’. In addition to questions about nuclear deterrence, a just war theory should ... More


The Wizard of Oz Goes to War: Unmanned Systems in Counterinsurgency

Rebecca J. Johnson

in Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199926121
eISBN:
9780199345656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926121.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The military has witnessed the convergence of two trends over the past decade—a resurgence of population-centric warfare and the proliferation of unmanned systems. The combination of these two trends ... More


Legalism, Justice, and the War on Terrorism

Lionel K. McPherson

in Who Should Die?: The Ethics of Killing in War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190495657
eISBN:
9780190495671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495657.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Some standard norms of conduct in war are morally unsustainable. The “noncombatant immunity” principle that prohibits deliberate use of force against noncombatants represents one such norm. Standard ... More


All Things Considered

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To establish prospectively that a proposed military action would be just, we have the burden of proving, by clear and convincing evidence, that all of the core just war principles would be satisfied. ... More


The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

John W. Lango

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this book, some distinctive approaches to the ethics of armed conflict are interwoven: (1) A revisionist approach that involves generalising traditional just war principles, so that they are ... More


Moral Theory

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, the question of why just war principles should be accepted is explored. Central to the chapter is a discussion of how just war principles can be elucidated by means of general moral ... More


Immune from Cyberfire?: The Psychological and Physiological Effects of Cyberwarfare

Daphna Canetti, Michael L. Gross, and Israel Waismel-Manor

in Binary Bullets: The Ethics of Cyberwarfare

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190221072
eISBN:
9780190221102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221072.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Unlike kinetic weapons, cyberweapons purport to target facilities (rather than individuals) and, to date, have caused no immediate injuries. While some theorists focus upon the direct nature of a ... More


Killing Civilians is Worse than Killing Soldiers

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces and clarifies Moral Distinction, the principle that killing civilians is worse than killing soldiers. It develops the conceptual apparatus deployed in subsequent chapters, ... More


Sparing Civilians

Seth Lazar

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Killing civilians is worse than killing soldiers. If any moral principle commands near universal assent, this one does. It is written into every major historical and religious tradition that has ... More


Proxy Battles in Just War Theory: , the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints

Seth Lazar and Laura Valentini

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198801221
eISBN:
9780191840272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801221.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Orthodox just war theorists argue that the principles governing conduct in war—jus in bello—broadly track the current laws of armed conflict. Revisionists deny this. This chapter argues that these ... More


Judgment, Punishment, and Discrimination

Joseph E. Capizzi

in Politics, Justice, and War: Christian Governance and the Ethics of Warfare

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198723950
eISBN:
9780191791253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723950.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

The purpose of this chapter is to explore and defend the analogy of war to punishment that has come under recent and powerful criticism. The defense of war as “punishment” involves rejecting the ... More


Epilogue: Sparing Civilians

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The epilogue draws together the lessons of earlier chapters, and rebuts the objection that all we need is an effective code—international law—that minimizes suffering in the long run. We do need such ... More


Combatant Non-Immunity

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Previous chapters have focused on arguing why killing innocent civilians is so bad. This chapter instead asks why killing innocent soldiers is somewhat easier to justify. It offers a series of novel ... More


Necessity

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Is killing civilians worse than killing soldiers because killing soldiers is necessary in war; killing civilians is not? Though often asserted, this argument’s normative and empirical premises have ... More


Risky Killing

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Killing an innocent person is worse, the likelier it was that he would be innocent. Riskier killings are worse than less risky killings, because they more gravely disrespect their victim, and they ... More


Vulnerability and Defencelessness

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In ordinary thinking about the morality of war, the vulnerability and defencelessness of civilians is at the heart of their privileged moral status. But we lack both analyses of what these concepts ... More


Politics, Justice, and War: Christian Governance and the Ethics of Warfare

Joseph E. Capizzi

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198723950
eISBN:
9780191791253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723950.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

The book strives to clarify the meaning and coherence of the “just war” approach to the use of force in the context of Christian ethics. By reconnecting the just war ethic to an Augustinian political ... More


Opportunistic and Eliminative Killing

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Opportunistic killing derives a benefit from the victim that one could not have secured in his absence. Eliminative killing leaves one no better off than had the victim not been there. Opportunistic ... More


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