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Climate Change and Species' Distributions: An Alien Future?

Chris D. Thomas and Ralf Ohlemüller

in Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents analyses that suggest increasing levels of invasion will be observed with increasing climate change, and that invasions of species from far away will increase ... More


Ecology of Invasive Non-native Species in California Grassland

Carla M. D’antonio, Carolyn Malmstrom, Sally A. Reynolds, and John Gerlach

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Non-native species are widespread and abundant in California grasslands. This chapter provides an overview of the nature of these invaders, their distribution within California, factors influencing ... More


Extending Species’ Ranges

Emily W. B. Russell Southgate

in People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History, Second Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300225808
eISBN:
9780300249590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers movement of species over time. Many land managers and ecologists consider invasive species to be the most important factor in disrupting "natural" ecosystems today, at least in ... More


California Grassland Restoration

Mark R. Stromberg, Carla M. D’antonio, Truman P. Young, Jeanne Wirka, and Paul R. Kephart

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Restoration is the complex set of efforts to reverse or mitigate effects of human activity on the landscape. Restoration of California grasslands is now under way at many sites. This chapter ... More


The Alien Species in Twentieth-Century Britain: Inventing a New Vermin*

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635139
eISBN:
9780748651375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635139.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Much recent conservation management in the United Kingdom (and indeed throughout the world) is concerned, implicitly or explicitly, with the distinction between a native and a non-native species. The ... More


Introduced species are not always the enemy of conservation

Martin A. Schlaepfer

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter tells the story of how a few biologists came to question whether non-native species were being objectively evaluated with regard to their threat to biodiversity and ecosystems. The ... More


Exotic Plant Management in California Annual Grasslands

Joseph M. Ditomaso, Stephen F. Enloe, and Michael J. Pitcairn

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the annual grassland systems occupying the coastal ranges, central valley, and Sierra Nevada foothills, describing the common non-native invasive species in California Valley ... More


Water Relations

Kimberly J. Reever morghan, Jeffrey D. Corbin, and John Gerlach

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter identifies the ecological factors that influence the availability of water to California grasslands, including abiotic and biotic influences, and describes the extent to which soil water ... More


The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Lawrence R. Walker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book is a global synthesis of the concepts needed to understand and manage ecological responses to all types of terrestrial and aquatic disturbances. Natural disturbances such as volcanoes, ... More


Multiple Causes for Declining Amphibian Populations

Andrew R. Blaustein, Audrey C. Hatch, Lisa K. Belden, and Joseph M. Kiesecker

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on studies that incorporate experimental evidence to address the amphibian population decline phenomenon. It discusses the major causes of global amphibian declines, such as ... More


Invasive Aquatic Species

Julie A. Coetzee, Martin P. Hill, Andreas Hussner, Ana L. Nunes, and Olaf L.F. Weyl

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Freshwater ecosystems are particularly susceptible to invasions by invasive non-native species (INNS) across a range of taxa, largely as a consequence of anthropogenic influences on these systems, ... More


Outlook: Crustaceans in the Anthropocene

Karolina Bącela-Spychalska, Gary C. B. Poore, and Michał Grabowski

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the mid-20th century we have been living in a new geological epoch, Anthropocene, characterized by an overwhelming impact of human activity on the Earth’s ecosystems, leading to mass species ... More


Ongoing issues

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Although current understanding of the sources, fate and impacts of many contaminants are now well-known and regulated by national and international bodies and conventions, a number remain ... More


Ants

April M. Boulton and Philip S. Ward

in Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortés II

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133462
eISBN:
9780197561560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133462.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The distribution and abundance of ants on islands has attracted considerable attention from ecologists and biogeographers, especially since the classic studies by Wilson on the ants of Melanesia ... More


Are local losses of biodiversity causing degraded ecosystem function?

Mark Vellend

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter highlights the scale dependence of biodiversity change over time and its consequences for arguments about the instrumental value of biodiversity. While biodiversity is in decline on a ... More


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