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Clausewitz and the Non‐Linear Nature of Warfare: Systems of Organized Complexity

Alan Beyerchen

in Clausewitz in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199232024
eISBN:
9780191716133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232024.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Clausewitz availed himself of the physics and mathematics terminology of his time, some of which addressed problems of simplicity with Newtonian concepts, while some treated problems of disorganized ... More


ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first describes logic functions and illustrates how false signals are formed due to timing errors. Basic logic circuits are described (NMOS, PMOS, CMOS) together with propagation delays ... More


The Perception of Expression

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter emphasizes the goal of the speaker as the production of a speech waveform containing the components, which will trigger adequate perception in the listener. Current limitations to ... More


Household Income Dynamics in Rural China

Jyotsna Jalan and Martin Ravallion

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The non-linearity in household income and expenditure dynamics in rural China is tested. It is shown that the speed of recovery from a transient shock is slower for those with lower initial income. ... More


Reductionism, Holism and Emergence

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Vector addition will be too simple a model for the composition of all causes because there will be many cases where causes do not add. There are overdose and escalatory cases as well as antipathetic ... More


‘Just because’ stories: on Elephant1

Caroline Bassett

in The Arc and the Machine: Narrative and New Media

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073427
eISBN:
9781781700907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073427.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter turns to Elephant, Gus Van Sant's film about the Columbine killings, which may be regarded as interactive and which provokes consideration of non-linearity as a new form of composition, ... More


Law and Chaos: Legal Argument as a Non-linear Process

Eileen M. O’Sullivan

in Law and History: Current legal Issues 2003 Volume 6

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199264148
eISBN:
9780191698910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264148.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses cases decided by the International Tribunals regarding definition of ‘ethical’ where the crime of genocide has been alleged, and cases involving command responsibility and ... More


Complexity Theory: an Overview

Aaron Pycroft

in Applying complexity theory: Whole systems approaches to criminal justice and social work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447311409
eISBN:
9781447311430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311409.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Through introducing the key concepts that are foundational to an understanding of complexity theory and its relevance to criminal justice and social work, Chapter One provides important contextual ... More


Prologue: Labor days1—an empirical montage from Denmark

Nina Holm Vohnsen

in The Absurdity of Bureaucracy: How Implementation Works

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526101341
eISBN:
9781526128539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101341.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The book opens with a montage of ‘ethnographic snapshots’ which in very different ways exemplifies central aspects of development and planning. Each snapshot is 10-15 lines long and might be a ... More


Perspectives on phonological development

Marilyn May Vihman

in Phonological Templates in Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198793564
eISBN:
9780191835346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793564.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter characterizes language as a system of links or associations and states the goal of gaining understanding of the origins of systematicity in the child. A working definition of ‘template’ ... More


Sparse Coding and Natural Statistics

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The brain is exposed to continuous sensory input from the environment (and the body). How does the brain encode such continuous sensory input and translate it into neural activity, e.g., ... More


Temporal modulation transfer functions

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

A temporal modulation transfer function (tMTF) reflects how well a person or a neuron can follow amplitude modulations of a sound. The neural responses to the first modulations of a noise burst ... More


Binaural hearing and sound localization

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Sound is special among sensory stimuli. In contrast to the visual and somatosensory system where stimulus location is directly mapped onto the receptor surface, sound source localization has to be ... More


Stimulus–Stimulus Interaction and Neural Coding

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reveals not only the high degree of empirical plausibility of difference-based coding, but also its encoding of both spatial and temporal dimensions in an integrated way. ... More


Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Based on their actual state, the resting state’s spatial and functional features, e.g., functional connectivity and low-frequency fluctuations, may provide a “spatiotemporal window of opportunity” ... More


The Energy Response of Calorimeters

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter deals with the signals produced by particles that are being absorbed in a calorimeter. The calorimeter response is defined as the average signal produced per unit energy deposited in ... More


Calibrating a Calorimeter System

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

One of the most important aspects of operating a calorimeter is the calibration, i.e. determining the relationship between the deposited energy and the resulting signal. Segmenting the calorimeter ... More


Introduction

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses the fundamental aspects of biogeochemical cycles and their interactions with climate. It describes the context of the Earth system, from the geological cycles to the current ... More


The Complexity of Complexity Theories

Jean Boulton, Peter Allen, and Cliff Bowman

in Embracing Complexity: Strategic Perspectives for an Age of Turbulence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199565252
eISBN:
9780191821943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565252.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Innovation

This chapter gives a detailed description of the differing approaches to the modeling of complex systems, shows how differing assumptions are made in developing these, and comments on the pros and ... More


Defamiliarizing the Page

Leo Shtutin

in Spatiality and Subjecthood in Mallarmé, Apollinaire, Maeterlinck, and Jarry: Between Page and Stage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198821854
eISBN:
9780191860980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821854.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Chapter 2 focuses on Mallarmé’s Un coup de dés and Apollinaire’s calligrammes—works that defamiliarize page-space by undermining various (naturalized) conventions of paginal configuration. Many of ... More


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