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Compensation for Historic International Injustice

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines claims that compensation should be paid as a result of the lasting harm and benefit caused by historic injustice. It argues that present day parties who have benefited from the ... More


Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


Five Plausible Premises and One Implausible Conclusion

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the non-identity problem and sets the agenda for the book as a whole. It explains what the non-identity problem is, identifies a number of different versions of the problem, ... More


Enough for the Future

Lukas H. Meyer and Dominic Roser

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Reflecting the normative significance of specific features of intergenerational relations this chapter investigates the justice claims of future people vis-à-vis currently living people. It discusses ... More


Accepting the Conclusion

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends a novel solution to the non-identity problem. While every other solution to the problem involves rejecting one of the premises of the argument that gives rise to it, ... More


Climate Change and Intergenerational Justice

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the extension of egalitarian justice theory to relations between generations (or intergenerational justice), as climate change likewise has effects upon future generations that ... More


Is Procreation (Almost) Always Right?

Rivka Weinberg

in The Risk of a Lifetime: How, When, and Why Procreation May Be Permissible

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190243708
eISBN:
9780190243722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243708.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The chapter argues that, as a narrow person-affecting problem, the non-identity problem doesn't target modern ethical theories since none of them (including Kantian, consequentialist, and virtue ... More


Rejecting the Second Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the second premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem. The second premise ... More


Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal

Rahul Kumar

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The discussion of obligations to future generations often assumes that though the global poor can be wronged because there are obligations the affluent owe to them, those who will live in the further ... More


Justification, Regret, and Moral Complaint: Looking Forward and Looking Backward on (and in) Human Life

R. Jay Wallace

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Consider a teenage girl who is contemplating motherhood. Prior to her becoming pregnant, it seems that she might truly judge that it would be a bad thing on balance to have a child at this stage in ... More


Rejecting the Fourth Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the fourth premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem, the claim that if ... More


Future Persons and Their Independence

Anja J. Karnein

in A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199782475
eISBN:
9780199933297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782475.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter spells out what it means to respect the independence of future persons. People frequently overlook the dangers inherent in the asymmetry of the relationship between the generations. They ... More


Rejecting the First Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the first premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem. These include ... More


Next Steps

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter outlines three large, difficult, and important problems, connected to the social welfare function (SWF) framework. First, what is the appropriate legal role of the SWF framework? Should ... More


Rejecting the Third Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the third premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem. These include ... More


The Same-Number Non-Identity Problem

Caspar Hare

in The Limits of Kindness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199691999
eISBN:
9780191758126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Standard solutions to Parfit’s ‘Same-Number Non-Identity Problem’ (the problem of whether, and if so why, other things equal, we are obliged to create a healthy child rather than a numerically ... More


Introduction

Elizabeth Cripps

in Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter presents climate change as a challenge to moral theory. It introduces the notion of a weakly collective moral duty, with correlative individual duties, as a way to meet that challenge. ... More


The Tyranny of the Contemporary

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the distant future poses a severe moral problem, the nature and extent of which has not yet been adequately appreciated. It also claims (1) that the problem is the main ... More


The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

David Boonin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our actions sometimes have an effect not only on the quality of life that people will enjoy in the future, but on which particular people will exist in the future to enjoy it. In cases where this is ... More


Harming and Protecting Non-Humans

Elizabeth Cripps

in Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter extends the sphere of moral concern beyond the human. The non-intentionalist model is expanded to include at least sentient nonhuman animals as members of collectivities. The ... More


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