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Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


Why Worry about Historic Injustice?

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines a number of critical responses to the project of seeking to rectify historic injustice, and explains why they largely do not apply to international libertarian accounts of ... More


What Is Non-Ideal Theory?

Gopal Sreenivasan

in Transitional Justice: NOMOS LI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814794661
eISBN:
9780814725276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814794661.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents John Rawls' ideal and non-ideal theory of justice. The ideal theory argues that institutions are well ordered when they are both just and known to be just, and when individuals ... More


Non-ideal Theory: A Taxonomy with Illustration

Gopal Sreenivasan

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses non-ideal theory of justice and its significance in bioethics, with special emphasis on distributive justice. The two major branches of this theory are an innovation of John ... More


When Is Non-Ideal Theory Too Ideal?: Adaptive Preferences, Children, and Ideal Theory

Rosa Terlazzo

in Political Utopias: Contemporary Debates

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190280598
eISBN:
9780190280628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280598.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Non-ideal theorists often charge that doing ideal theory involves unacceptable idealizations that make political philosophy’s recommendations inappropriate for real-world injustice. Using the test ... More


Introduction: Justice, Care, and the Welfare State

Daniel Engster

in Justice, Care, and the Welfare State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198719564
eISBN:
9780191788659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719564.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the crisis of contemporary welfare states and the need for a new non-ideal theory of justice to address it. Many existing welfare policies have fallen out-of-step with the ... More


The Resurgence of Realist Political Theory

Matt Sleat

in Liberal realism: A realist theory of liberal politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719088902
eISBN:
9781781706190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088902.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the recent resurgence of interest in realist political theory, discusses the relationship between political realism and classical realism in ideal theory, and the relationship ... More


Moral Theory and the Idea of a Just War

Mark Evans

in Just War Theory: A Reappraisal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620746
eISBN:
9780748672042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620746.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides an historical overview of the just war tradition and how it has evolved over time, contending that its remarkable longevity should perhaps not be forgotten in any reassessment ... More


Welfare, Rights, and Non-ideal Theory

Robert Garner

in The Ethics of Killing Animals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199396078
eISBN:
9780199396108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396078.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 12 continues the debate about the moral value of animal lives. Its approach is inherently political, because it invokes the need to take into account non-ideal constraints on ideal theory. ... More


Introduction

Clare Heyward and Dominic Roser

in Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198744047
eISBN:
9780191804038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744047.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Environmental Politics

This introduction starts with an overview of the development of climate justice literature. It juxtaposes this with the extent and kind of climate action that has occurred in recent years. This leads ... More


Humanitarian Intervention and Non-Ideal Theory

Ramon Das

in Challenges for Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical Demand and Political Reality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198812852
eISBN:
9780191850646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812852.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the philosophical debate around humanitarian intervention would be improved if it were less ‘ideal-theoretic’. It identifies two ideal-theoretic assumptions. One, in target ... More


Ideal Theory and the Justice of Institutions

Samuel Freeman

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190699260
eISBN:
9780190699291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699260.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The first part of this chapter addresses Amartya Sen’s argument against Rawls’s reliance on ideal theory and “a perfectly just society.” I argue that Rawls’s ideal theory and principles of justice ... More


The Diagnostics of Injustice

Thomas J. Donahue-Ochoa

in Unfreedom for All: How the World's Injustices Harm You

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190051686
eISBN:
9780190051716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051686.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 1 argues that careful diagnosis of injustices is central to understanding what to do about them. This requires differential diagnosis: the comparative assessment of different diagnoses of ... More


“Ideal Theory” as Ideology

Charles W. Mills

in Black Rights/White Wrongs: The Critique of Racial Liberalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190245412
eISBN:
9780190245450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245412.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Feminist philosophy—such as in the work of Onora O’Neill—has played a crucial role in the critique of “ideal theory,” Rawlsian and otherwise. This chapter seeks to build on O’Neill’s insights by ... More


Retrieving Rawls for Racial Justice?

Charles W. Mills

in Black Rights/White Wrongs: The Critique of Racial Liberalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190245412
eISBN:
9780190245450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245412.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

How should liberals interested in the issue of racial justice relate to John Rawls’s work? Some, such as Elizabeth Anderson, have rejected a Rawlsian approach altogether, while others, such as Tommie ... More


Taking UNFCCC Norms Seriously

Darrel Moellendorf

in Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198744047
eISBN:
9780191804038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744047.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Environmental Politics

The urgent need for a comprehensive climate change mitigation treaty affects the kinds of reasons for mitigation that we should expect and can reasonably propose to others. Insofar as non-ideal ... More


Global Justice and Bioethics

Joseph Millum and Ezekiel J. Emanuel (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Despite the massive scale of global inequalities, until recently few political philosophers or bioethicists addressed their ethical implications. Questions of justice were thought to be primarily ... More


Introduction: Looking for Justice in International Law

Steven R. Ratner

in The Thin Justice of International Law: A Moral Reckoning of the Law of Nations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198704041
eISBN:
9780191773204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704041.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, namely to offer a new approach to global justice that integrates the work and insights of international law and ethics. The book analyses the ... More


Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World

Clare Heyward and Dominic Roser (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198744047
eISBN:
9780191804038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744047.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Environmental Politics

Climate change confronts humanity with a challenge it has never faced before. It combines issues of global justice and intergenerational justice on an unprecedented scale. In particular, it stands to ... More


Assessing Non-Ideal Pragmatic Responses to the Problem of Error

Holly M. Smith

in Making Morality Work

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199560080
eISBN:
9780191853210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199560080.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The non-ideal Pragmatic theorist seeks the moral code whose usability value, if not perfect, nonetheless exceeds that of any rival code. Chapter 7 assesses the success of this approach, and concludes ... More


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