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Granular Patterns

Igor Aranson and Lev Tsimring

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is a systematic introduction to the new and rapidly evolving field of patterns in granular materials. Granular matter is usually defined as a collection of discrete macroscopic solid ... More


Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Raymond Brun

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The high enthalpy gas flows, associating high velocities, and high temperatures, are the scene of physical and chemical processes such as molecular vibrational excitation, dissociation, ionization, ... More


Kelvin and Statistical Mechanics

Oliver Penrose

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Kelvin played a big part in the development of statistical mechanics, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium. This chapter reviews these developments, taking a particular interest in Kelvin's own ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?

Antony Valentini

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter replies to claims that the pilot-wave theory of de Broglie and Bohm is really a many-worlds theory with a superfluous configuration appended to one of the worlds. Assuming that ... More


Reply to Valentini, ‘De Broglie–Bohm Pilot‐Wave Theory: Many Worlds in Denial?’

Harvey Brown

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The reality of the patterns in the wave-function representing different worlds is not like that of locality and the uncertainty relations, which hold only for the equilibrium distribution. Nor, in ... More


Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics: Foundations and Applications

Phil Attard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662760
eISBN:
9780191745287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662760.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. The book treats time-dependent systems by close analogy ... More


THE OVERLAP IN GLASSY SYSTEMS

Giorgio Parisi

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers many of the various definitions of the overlap and of its probability distribution that have been introduced in the literature, starting from the original papers of Edwards and ... More


THE SURFACE STATISTICS OF A GROWING AGGREGATE

Mehran Kardar

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The paper on ‘The surface statistics of a granular aggregate’ by Edwards and Wilkinson (1982) established an enduring framework for characterizing dynamic scaling phenomena for growing surfaces. More ... More


Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

David S Wilson and Alan Kirman (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Two widely heralded yet contested approaches to economics have emerged in recent years. One follows an older, rather neglected approach which emphasizes evolutionary theory in terms of individuals ... More


Reactive Flows in the Dissipative Regime

Raymond Brun

in Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter examines reactive flows in dissipative regime in equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions. It begins with a discussion of boundary layer flows, focusing on the influence of the ... More


Non-equilibrium thermodynamics

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0034
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses non-equilibrium thermodynamics and shows how fluctuations lead to the Onsager reciprocal relations, which connect certain kinetic coefficients. It applies these ideas to ... More


Spontaneous time‐symmetry breaking in a vibrating cold atom system

M.-S. Heo, Y. Kim, H.-R. Noh, and W. Jhe

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the experimental and theoretical studies of a spontaneous time-translation symmetry breaking transition in a non-equilibrium cold atom system. Such studies prepare two ... More


Emergence, Energy, and Openness: A Viable Agnostic Theology

Whitney Bauman

in Cosmology, Ecology, and the Energy of God

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823238958
eISBN:
9780823238996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823238958.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Closed systems lead toward entropy, while open ones toward more complexity. Every time we move toward over-simplification through certainties, we are cut off from the life-force of continuous ... More


Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Stefan Thurner, Peter Klimek, and Rudolf Hanel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198821939
eISBN:
9780191861062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821939.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is a comprehensive introduction to quantitative approaches to complex adaptive systems. Practically all areas of life on this planet are constantly confronted with complex systems, be it ... More


Self-Organization and Emergent Phenomena

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Here we study self-organization, which refers to a class of systems that are able to form and maintain their organization by themselves. Related to self-organization (and sometimes mixed with it) is ... More


Features of Complex Systems

J. Ladyman and K. Wiesner

in What Is a Complex System?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300251104
eISBN:
9780300256130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300251104.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter uses the representative examples of complex systems discussed in the previous chapter to arrive at a list of the distinctive features of complex systems. These features include ... More


Till the Cows Come Home: Overseas Failures and Critiques of Range Science

Nathan F. Sayre

in The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

By the late 1970s, it was clear that virtually all pastoral development projects were abject failures. Chapter 7 shows how these failures, combined with a growing body of rangeland research overseas, ... More


Prologue

Phil Attard

in Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662760
eISBN:
9780191745287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662760.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The prologue begins with Clausius’ Second Law of Thermodynamics and Boltzmann’s identification of entropy with the number of molecular configurations. They underscore the need for a fundamental basis ... More


Brownian Motion

Phil Attard

in Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662760
eISBN:
9780191745287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662760.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Brownian motion is presented as a stochastic process, and as a bridge between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Einstein’s result for the linear growth in time of the mean square displacement ... More


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