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Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Srinivasa Rao

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book proposes a contemporary framework for critiquing Advaita and formulating its basic thesis in a more logical and convincing way. Any proper theory in philosophy and science has to follow from ... More


On Ignorance

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

No one believes that he does not know himself or the world around him because everyone is familiar with both these. Therefore the question naturally arises as to what exactly is meant by the ... More


The Nature of the World

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The world is described in Advaita as anātman which is sadasadvilaksana in nature. But as a positive entity different in its basic nature from the Self, it leads to a logically unavoidable dualism ... More


On Advaita

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The term Advaita which literally means non-duality, is a denial only of the ultimacy of duality and difference. It only means that there is no difference which is so radical, ultimate and fundamental ... More


Orthodoxy and Tradition

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The nature and relationship of tradition to orthodoxy is explored here. A living tradition becoming static, resistant to changes and insensitive to challenges, turns into an orthodoxy. Therefore if a ... More


Advaita Doctrine: Preliminaries

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives an overview of how there was a defective stand about non-duality taken by Mandana Miśra which was corrected by Śankara, but how this corrected view itself came to be misunderstood ... More


Logical Possibilities

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The very idea of non-duality stands seriously violated in the post-Śānkarite orthodoxy and to correct this severe aberration, an entirely new framework is introduced in this chapter. Based on ... More


The Ātman-Brahman Inquiries

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The inquiries into Ātman and Brahman and the declaration of their identity in the Upanisads has vital implications for Advaita which Śankara’s commentators completely miss and misunderstand. While ... More


On Anātman

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

While Śankara had spoken of anātman as merely a superimposed idea, his commentators resorted to an absolutely needless hypostatization of it as a kind of positive, experienced entity in total ... More


How Ignorance Hurts Us All

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ignorance of the truth of non-duality leads to the belief in the absolute reality of difference which in turn leads to the notion of “the other” which is basically hurtful to us all. Treating ... More


The Upanishads

Keith Ward

in Religion and Creation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263937
eISBN:
9780191682681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263937.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter deals with one of the central revealed texts of orthodox Hinduism, the Upanishads, and with one major 20th-century commentators upon it, Aurobindo Ghose. The aim is to draw parallel to ... More


The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuskoti

Graham Priest

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758716
eISBN:
9780191818639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book charts the development of Buddhist metaphysics, drawing on texts which include those of Nagarjuna and Dogen. The development is viewed through the lens of the Catuṣkoṭi At its simplest, and ... More


On the Meaning of the Word ‘I’ and the Layers of Subjectivity

Anindita Niyogi Balslev

in Aham: I: The Enigma of I-consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198089513
eISBN:
9780199082575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089513.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows the kind of difficulties philosophers face while ascertaining the meaning and the referent of the word ‘I’. While a general overview is presented of the linguistic analysis of the ... More


Reflections on Indian Buddhist Thought and the Scientific Study of Meditation, or: Why Scientists Should Talk More with Their Buddhist Subjects

William S. Waldron

in Meditation, Buddhism, and Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190495794
eISBN:
9780190495831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495794.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

One of the fundamental distinctions in the modern academy is the difference between studying human life as people experience it and studying it in terms of impersonal causal processes—the so-called ... More


The Transformative Power of the One World Vision of Sri Narayana Guru

George Thadathil

in India and Civilizational Futures: Backwaters Collective on Metaphysics and Politics II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199499069
eISBN:
9780190990428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199499069.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, Indian History

This chapter focuses on the life and achievements of Sri Narayana Guru, a transformative figure in the social, political, and intellectual landscape of modern Kerala whose impact has been felt across ... More


Death of the Guru

Orianne Aymard

in When a Goddess Dies: Worshipping Ma Anandamayi after Her Death

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199368617
eISBN:
9780199368648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368617.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The death of the guru is designated in Hinduism with the term mahāsamādhi, or great samādhi, the samādhi being a state of total illumination, a sort of inner ecstasy. It is generally perceived by ... More


Presence of the Guru

Orianne Aymard

in When a Goddess Dies: Worshipping Ma Anandamayi after Her Death

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199368617
eISBN:
9780199368648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368617.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 4 focuses exclusively on the experiential face of the postmortem cult of the guru, or that which James calls “personal religion,” as compared to institutionalized religion. This chapter ... More


Enlightenment

Graham Priest

in The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuskoti

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758716
eISBN:
9780191818639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758716.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns to Chan (Zen) Buddhism, and in particular its notion of enlightenment. The progress to enlightenment can be modelled by a sequence of plurivalent structures. In the light of this, ... More


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