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The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Victor Tadros

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

Victor Tadros sets out to defend the ‘duty view’ of punishment. On this view, the permission to punish offenders is grounded in the duties that they incur in virtue of their wrongdoing. The most ... More


The Inescapability of Consequentialism

Philip Pettit

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

For non-consequentialists an agent is justified in refusing to breach certain constraints even for the sake of apparently more important, neutral goals: even, indeed, for the sake of maximizing the ... More


Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal

Rahul Kumar

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The discussion of obligations to future generations often assumes that though the global poor can be wronged because there are obligations the affluent owe to them, those who will live in the further ... More


Consequentialism and Non‐Consequentialism *: The Axiomatic Approach

Kotaro Suzumura and Yongsheng Xu

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Most, if not all, practitioners of welfare economics and social choice theory are presumed to be welfaristic in their conviction. Indeed, they evaluate the goodness of an economic policy and/or ... More


The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Humean Non-Consequentialist Ends

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many have claimed that sentimentalists in general and Hume in particular cannot accommodate the non-consequentialist aspects of our moral thinking. This criticism can be found in thinkers such as ... More


Potency and Permissibility

Clayton Littlejohn

in The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199353903
eISBN:
9780199353934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199353903.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

There are powerful and compelling arguments that seem to show that it is prima facie wrong to harm animals. There are also powerful and compelling arguments that seem to show that it’s possible for ... More


Consequentialism and the Law in Medicine

Julian Savulescu and Dominic Wilkinson

in Philosophical Foundations of Medical Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198796558
eISBN:
9780191837814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796558.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses consequentialism. There are two broad schools of ethical theory: consequentialism and non-consequentialism. According to consequentialism, the right act is that act which has ... More


Justifiable Risking

John Oberdiek

in Imposing Risk: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199594054
eISBN:
9780191813351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199594054.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Specifying the content of the right against risking falls to an ancillary moral theory, and Chapter 5 takes up the challenge of defending a non-consequentialist approach to justifiably risking that ... More


Doing Good and Doing Right

Philip Pettit

in The Robust Demands of the Good: Ethics with Attachment, Virtue, and Respect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198732600
eISBN:
9780191796821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732600.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Let doing right mean doing what is supported by reasons overall. You are very unlikely to do right in that sense without making a place for giving the goods of attachment, virtue, and respect to ... More


Fairness, Participation, and the Real Problem of Collective Harm

Julia Nefsky

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744665
eISBN:
9780191808838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In many cases people collectively cause a morally significant outcome but no individual act seems to make a difference, and so no reason can called upon to act. This chapter explores the possibility ... More


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