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Clause Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A full clause profiles a grounded instance of a process type. Conceptual archetypes function as the prototypical values of basic clause types and clausal elements. Languages naturally differ in their ... More


Lecture I, 49

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0049
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms), and by considering the relation ... More


Lecture I, 50

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0050
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms),and by considering the relation ... More


Lecture I, 51

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0051
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms), and by considering the relation ... More


Introduction to the Puzzles

David Pesetsky

in Russian Case Morphology and the Syntactic Categories

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019729
eISBN:
9780262314503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019729.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the morpho-syntactic puzzles of Russian noun phrases with paucal (’two’, ’three’, ’four’ and a few others) and non-paucal numerals. Case mismatches and number mismatches are ... More


The Morphological Basis of Paradigm Leveling

Adam Albright

in Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter argues that the Latin honor change was caused by more than simply a sporadic pressure for paradigm uniformity or Uniform Exponence constraints to assert themselves over IO-Faithfulness ... More


Who does what to whom: grammatical relations

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The chapter starts with an outline of some basic notions concerning grammatical relations and their marking. We introduce the notions of nominative-accusative languages, and then turn to canonical ... More


The function of case markers in Semitic

REBECCA HASSELBACH

in Case in Semitic: Roles, Relations, and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671809
eISBN:
9780191751165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671809.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 6 (The function of case markers in Semitic) contains a detailed investigation of the functions of the individual cases attested in Semitic languages—the nominative, genitive, and accusative. ... More


Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Yongxian Luo

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660223
eISBN:
9780191745096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese exhibit a rich array of correlations between the possessor and possesee in the noun phrase, as well as in the verb phrase and the lexicon. They are ... More


Merging from the Temporal Input: On Subject‐Object Asymmetries and an Ergative Language *

Itziar Laka

in Rich Languages From Poor Inputs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199590339
eISBN:
9780191745041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590339.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses how certain aspects of linguistic form specific to a language belonging to an understudied type of languages (ergative languages) yield processing results and acquisition ... More


The Force of Lexical Case: German and Icelandic Compared

Dieter Wunderlich

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0025
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Modern German shares many similarities with Modern Icelandic in terms of Case marking. This chapter discusses some differences in the two languages with respect to control and raising-to-object ... More


Do We Need the Traditional Case Categories?

David Pesetsky

in Russian Case Morphology and the Syntactic Categories

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019729
eISBN:
9780262314503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019729.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter proposes that the traditional case categories (nominative, genitive, etc.) do not form an independent syntactic system, as normally assumed. Instead, they are to be identified with the ... More


Uninterpretable Features Are Incompatible in Morphology with Other Minimalist Postulates

M. Rita Manzini and Leonardo M. Savoia

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the theory that both morphological and syntactic structures are constructed from the same set of categories. Focusing on clitic variation across Romance dialects (specifically ... More


Case in Disguise

Hlíf Árnadóttir and Einar Freyr Sigurðsson

in Variation in Datives: A Microcomparative Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199937363
eISBN:
9780199980710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937363.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The chapter discusses changes in the case/Case system in Germanic languages, especially in dative-nominative (DAT-NOM) constructions in Icelandic. Some Germanic languages, such as English and ... More


Conclusions

REBECCA HASSELBACH

in Case in Semitic: Roles, Relations, and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671809
eISBN:
9780191751165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671809.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 7 (Conclusions) summarizes the conclusions of the previous investigation and combines the various features discussed to form an overall typology of Semitic in terms of alignment, marking ... More


The case of the Russian copula

Isabelle Roy

in Nonverbal Predication: Copular Sentences at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199543540
eISBN:
9780191747151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543540.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows how the proposed analysis can account for apparently unrelated phenomena in Russian, namely the morphological (short or long) form of the predicate and case assignment with respect ... More


Developing pro-drop: The case of Cimbrian

Ermenegildo Bidese and Alessandra Tomaselli

in Null Subjects in Generative Grammar: A Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198815853
eISBN:
9780191853449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815853.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

The syntax of Cimbrian, a Germanic heritage language, is at a peculiar developmental stage: on the one hand it has lost the V2 linear restriction, but still maintains both pronominal subject ... More


The copula as a nominative Case marker

Kwang-sup Kim

in The Grammar of Copulas Across Languages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829850
eISBN:
9780191868344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829850.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

In Korean the morpheme /-I/ has conventionally been taken to be a copula, since it functions as a host for tense affixes when the predicate is a nominal. This chapter, however, argues that it is a ... More


Alignment in transitive clauses: case determining agreement

András Bárány

in Person, Case, and Agreement: The Morphosyntax of Inverse Agreement and Global Case Splits

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198804185
eISBN:
9780191842399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804185.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

After having discussed how agreement can determine Case in Chapter 4, this chapter moves on to discuss how Case can determine (and restrict) agreement. In many languages, the verb can only agree with ... More


Who does what to whom: grammatical relations

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Art of Grammar: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199683215
eISBN:
9780191764912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683215.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

Grammatical relations between participants are crucial for understanding how each language works. The chapter starts with a snap-shot of core grammatical relations, transitivity, and the marking of ... More


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