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The Semantics of Propositions

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter provides a systematic discussion of Buridan’s nominalist semantics of propositions and sentential nominalizations. The chapter argues that despite its incompleteness, Buridan’s theory is ... More


Saturated Adjectives, Reified Properties

Idan Landau

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Evaluative adjectives (e.g. rude, clever) display a systematic alternation, which brings about a cluster of syntactic and semantic changes. The adjectival variants are related by the joint ... More


ARGUMENTS OF NOMINALS

A. M. Devine and Laurence D. Stephens

in Latin Word Order: Structured Meaning and Information

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181685
eISBN:
9780199789146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181685.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyzes the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of noun and adjective phrases. Data are given for experiential state nominalizations, process nouns, agent nominalizations, patient ... More


The Old Chinese determiner zhe

Edith Aldridge

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter analyses zhe in archaic Chinese as a determiner which selects a nominal or clausal complement and projects a DP. As a determiner, zhe can further serve as the external binder of a gap in ... More


Nominalizations

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter applies the GPF model to deverbal and deadjectival nominalizations as a case in point. Event nominalizations, or action nominalizations, are transpositions that retain many of the ... More


Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language

Friederike Moltmann

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199608744
eISBN:
9780191747700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608744.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Abstract objects such as properties, propositions, numbers, degrees, and expression types are at the centre of many philosophical debates. Philosophers and linguists alike generally hold the view ... More


Telicity, Change, and State: A Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure

Violeta Demonte and Louise McNally (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693498
eISBN:
9780191741715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693498.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This volume presents new work by leading researchers on a central theme in study of event structure: the nature and representation of telicity, change, and the notion of state, and the relation ... More


Evidence for Multidominance in Spanish Agentive Nominalizations *

Antonio Fábregas

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199644933
eISBN:
9780191741609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Since the work of Gärtner (1997), the view that each node in a tree structure is the representation of a set has been pursued by some authors (Starke 2001, 2004; Citko 2005, inter alia). The purpose ... More


Disharmony, Antisymmetry, and the Final‐over‐Final Constraint *

Theresa Biberauer and Michelle Sheehan

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199644933
eISBN:
9780191741609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses the crucial issue of how hierarchical structure relates to linear order, and provides evidence that the two are universally mediated by a version of Kayne’s (1994) Linear ... More


Sentence Basics: Predication

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Attention to individual words and patterns in word choice can yield important insights into argumentative effects, but what are the words actually doing in a text? Part II takes up this issue by ... More


Putting a sentence together

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

We start with a brief outline of kinds of clauses in Amazonian languages. We then turn to various techniques of putting clauses together into one sentence. Numerous Arawak, Carib and Tupí languages ... More


Nata Deverbal Nominalizations

Rose-Marie Déchaine, Dayanqi Si, and Joash J. Gambarage

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In Nata, an endangered Eastern Bantu language (E45) spoken in the Mara region of Tanzania, deverbal nominalizations present certain properties. Morphologically, they consist of four morphemes, ... More


From psych verbs to nouns

Antonio Fábregas, Rafael Marín, and Louise McNally

in Telicity, Change, and State: A Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693498
eISBN:
9780191741715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693498.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

The Aspect Preservation Hypothesis (APH) predicts that, all things being equal, the aspectual information of a deverbal nominalization reflects the Aktionsart of the verbal base. This hypothesis ... More


Embedding Syntactic Events within Nominals

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199263936
eISBN:
9780191759017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides detailed empirical evidence for the presence of a verbal or an adjectival Extended Projection within Argument Structure Nominals (AS-nominals), which is in turn responsible for ... More


Categoriality in Language Change: The Case of the English Gerund

Lauren Fonteyn

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190917579
eISBN:
9780190917609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917579.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This study presents the first elaborate attempt to set out a functional-semantic definition of diachronic transcategorial shift between the major classes “noun”/“nominal” and “verb”/“clause.” In ... More


The Morphosyntax of Gender

Ruth Kramer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199679935
eISBN:
9780191760129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679935.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Phi features are crucial for syntax and morphology, and number and person have been the focus of a significant amount of theoretical research. However, gender has received less attention, with the ... More


Lexical relatedness

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides a detailed survey of the various ways in which words can be related. It discusses transpositions (action nominalizations, deverbal participles, relational and possessive ... More


Representing lexical relatedness

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter is an application of the model introduced in Chapter 5 to much of the empirical data summarized in Chapter 3, illustrating the intermediate types of lexical relatedness, specifically ... More


Selecting the Correct Style

Steve Hart

in English Exposed: Common Mistakes Made by Chinese Speakers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390755
eISBN:
9789888390465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390755.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter examines language that is inappropriate for academic writing and reveals the individual terms that should be avoided. It explores adjective choice and how writing can be improved by ... More


The Structure of Mayan Languages

Clifton Pye

in The Comparative Method of Language Acquisition Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481289
eISBN:
9780226481319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481319.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter discusses the structure of the three Mayan languages K'iche', Mam, and Ch'ol. It begins with an overview of the Mayan language family, which contains approximately thirty separate ... More


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