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Truthmaking without Truthmakers

Joseph Melia

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the ‘sensible nominalist’ can invoke a nominalist-friendly version of the truthmaker principle in order to overcome a standard objection to nominalism. The nominalist is ... More


Calvin's Doctrine of Participation: Contexts and Continuities

J. Todd Billings

in Calvin, Participation, and the Gift: The Activity of Believers in Union with Christ

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199211876
eISBN:
9780191706004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211876.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the historical and metaphysical aspects of Calvin's ‘background’ used to support the claim that Calvin systematically opposes the divine and the human, thus rendering ... More


Johannes Von Staupitz (1460/9–1524): Theology of the Praise of God

David C. Steinmetz

in Reformers in the Wings: From Geiler von Kaysersberg to Theodore Beza

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130485
eISBN:
9780199869008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130480.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Staupitz is best known for his supervision and pastoral advice to Martin Luther, when Luther was an Augustinian friar. In his theology, Staupitz represented a form of late medieval Augustinianism ... More


How to Nominalize Formalism

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter deals with the positions of nominalists and formalists. Discourse-criterion nominalists, obsessed with ontology worry about applied mathematics, and either engage in rewriting ... More


The Medieval Bridge

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the biological species concepts debates during the medieval period. The period was characterized by a revival of the universals debate and nominalist school. The nominalists ... More


Soft Nominalism in Quine and the School of Dignāga

Edith Wyschogrod

in Crossover Queries: Dwelling with Negatives, Embodying Philosophy's Others

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226061
eISBN:
9780823235148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226061.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Nominalists argue that everything that is must be particular. D. M. Armstrong contends, “Nominalists deny that there is any objective identity in things which are not ... More


Martin Luther: A Friar in the Lion's Den

Heiko A. Oberman

in The Two Reformations: The Journey from the Last Days to the New World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300098686
eISBN:
9780300130348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300098686.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the early stages of Martin Luther's Reformation breakthrough. It states that Luther, as a reformer, stood on the shoulders of innovators who had declared the words of human ... More


Leibniz and Malebranche on Innate Ideas

Nicholas Jolley

in Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669554
eISBN:
9780191763076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669554.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter seeks to reconstruct an important debate over the theory of innate ideas from the writings of Leibniz and Malebranche. It is argued that Malebranche’s critique of Descartes’ version of ... More


Paraphrasing, Part One: Words

Linda Wetzel

in Types and Tokens: On Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013017
eISBN:
9780262259279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013017.003.0042
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is concerned with what discussions about type are supposed to be speaking for, i.e. what the paraphrase might be. Nominalists, in paraphrasing sentences referring to abstract objects or ... More


Paraphrasing, Part Two

Linda Wetzel

in Types and Tokens: On Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013017
eISBN:
9780262259279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013017.003.0055
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter attempts to show that other paraphrasing suggestions, together with those presented in the previous chapter, do not work, making the nominalist’s prospects for paraphrasing away all talk ... More


The Trouble with Nominalism

Linda Wetzel

in Types and Tokens: On Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013017
eISBN:
9780262259279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013017.003.0063
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on a comparison between realism and nominalism. The ugly side of nominalism is examined here using the works of Quine and Goodman. Both philosophers regarded nominalism with ... More


Ockham

Paul Thom

in The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823234769
eISBN:
9780823240746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234769.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Ockham's nominalist program dictated that the semantic value of an abstract name for a relation such as ‘paternity’ be the same as that of the corresponding concrete name ‘father’: primarily such a ... More


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