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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Mathematics without Numbers: Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation

Geoffrey Hellman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240341
eISBN:
9780191597664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240341.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Develops a structuralist understanding of mathematics, as an alternative to set‐ or type‐theoretic foundations, that respects classical mathematical truth while minimizing Platonist commitments to ... More


Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A continuation of the study of mathematical existence begun in Ontology and the Vicious‐Circle Principle (published in 1973); in the present work, Quine's indispensability argument is rebutted by the ... More


A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space and time and no causes or effects in the physical world. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility ... More


Art and Abstract Objects

Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691494
eISBN:
9780191746277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691494.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The standard way of thinking about non-repeatable (single-instance) artworks such as paintings, drawings, and non-cast sculpture is that they are concrete things (i.e. material, causally efficacious, ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Jonathan Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is an annual volume offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this longstanding area of philosophy that has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. ... More


Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Douglas Ehring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of this work is to provide a metaphysical account of properties and of how they are related to concrete particulars. On the broadest level, this work is a defense of tropes and of trope ... More


Natural Law and Natural Inclinations

Matthew Levering

in Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter surveys the efforts of three contemporary Catholic theorists to recover a deeper appreciation for the natural law: Martin Rhonheimer, Servais Pinckaers, and Graham McAleer. Whereas ... More


 The Cross in Early Renaissance Theology and Art

Richard Viladesau

in The Triumph of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts from the Renaissance to the Counter-Reformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335668
eISBN:
9780199869015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335668.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the place of the cross in the theology and preaching of the century leading into the Protestant Reformation. The writings of Vincent Ferrer and Girolomo Savonarola provide ... More


Buridan’s Essentialist Nominalism

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The final chapter provides a summary account of Buridan’s essentialist nominalism, showing how Buridan can successfully claim to be both a nominalist denying the existence of real shared essences and ... More


Conversations on Peirce: Reals and Ideals

Douglas Anderson and Carl Hausman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823234677
eISBN:
9780823238842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234677.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

The book is a collection of chapters on the work of Charles S. Peirce that grew out of conversations between the authors over the last decade and a half. The chapters focus primarily on Peirce's ... More


Nominalism Reconsidered

Gideon Rosen and John P. Burgess

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Nominalism is the view that mathematical objects do not exist. This chapter delimits several types of nominalistic projects: revolutionary programs that attempt to change mathematics and hermeneutic ... More


The Type/Token Theory Introduced

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter makes the case for the claim that the type/token theory is the prima facie answer to the categorial question: that is, the account that must be accepted unless it is defeated. This it ... More


Introduction

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Begins by distinguishing different varieties of nominalism. All adherents of nominalism agree in rejecting mathematical and other abstract entities, and many have attempted to develop nominalist ... More


Knowledge of Causal Connection Is Necessary

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

The seventeenth discussion of al-Ghazali’s Incoherence (Tahafut) shows that he remains uncommitted as to whether God creates events in the world in an occasionalist way or by means of secondary ... More


Objectifying Demographic Identities

Philip Kreager

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, demographic models, measures, and categories have played an influential role in identifying the groups of which modern societies are ... More


William Hamilton

M. Gail Hamner

in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155471
eISBN:
9780199834266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155475.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Demonstrates the resonance between Charles Sanders Peirce (the American pragmatist) and William Hamilton (a Scottish professor of logic and metaphysics), which can be outlined in three ways: first, ... More


Nominalism, Naturalism, and the Intensification of Passion Piety

Richard Viladesau

in The Beauty of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts from the Catacombs to the Eve of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188110
eISBN:
9780199784738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019518811X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The fresco of the crucifixion by Giotto in the Arena chapel represents the beginning of naturalism in Western painting. The theology of the cross during this period shows the increasing influence of ... More


The Early Years: Roscelin of Compiègne and William of Champeaux

Constant J. Mews

in Abelard and Heloise

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195156881
eISBN:
9780199835423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156889.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Early Years: Roscelin of Compiègne and William of Champeaux. This chapter examines Abelard’s intellectual debt to both the vocalist theories of Roscelin of Compiègne and ... More


Why Burgess Is a Moderate Realist

Charles S. Chihara

in Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Concerns an attempted refutation of nominalism put forward by John Burgess in the form of a dilemma argument. Argues that Burgess's argument is based upon a false dilemma.


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