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Subjective Effects of Nitrous Oxide (N2O)

Diana J. Walker and James P. Zacny

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a gas at room temperature and pressure. It is used primarily for anesthesia but is also used as a propellant for whipped cream or to boost octane levels in racing cars. N2O was ... More


The Enthusiast

Jan Golinski

in The Experimental Self: Humphry Davy and the Making of a Man of Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226351360
eISBN:
9780226368849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368849.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Davy’s work on the physiological properties and potential therapeutic benefits of gases (especially nitrous oxide), conducted at the Pneumatic Institution in Bristol in 1799. ... More


Other Neurophysiological Aspects Pertinent to ECE Phenomenology

Michael N. Marsh

in Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571505
eISBN:
9780191722059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571505.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter elucidates other possible neurophysiological aetiologies of extra-corporeal experience (ECE). These include such items as endorphins, hypoxia, nitrous oxide, and carbon dioxide narcosis, ... More


Anesthetic Revelation

Christopher Partridge

in High Culture: Drugs, Mysticism, and the Pursuit of Transcendence in the Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190459116
eISBN:
9780190459147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190459116.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the fascinating confluence of medicine and metaphysics during the nineteenth century, central to which was the discovery of anesthetics. Often a visit to the dentist led not ... More


SOME TYPICAL REACTION MECHANISMS

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses mechanisms of chemical reactions. Topics covered include first-order reactions, second-order reactions, reactions with fractional orders, third-order reactions, unimolecular ... More


The Nitrogen Cycle and Climate

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The nitrogen cycle is described, together with its denitrification and nitrification processes, including the Anammox process. The importance of human intervention through the Haber–Bosch process is ... More


Soil-Atmosphere Gas Exchange

Steven K. Schmidt, Ann E. West, Paul D. Brooks, Lesley K. Smith, Charles H. Jaeger, Melany C. Fisk, and Elisabeth A. Holland

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0020
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The alpine, while not extensive in global area, has several advantages for trace gas research, particularly the spatial landscape heterogeneity in soil types and plant communities. This variation ... More


The Genetics of Aggression

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aggression is a form of behavior with the goal of causing damage to another individual. Evolutionarily it developed in response to competition for mates or vital resources. In humans aggressive ... More


Dead Zones in the Oceans

David L. Kirchman

in Dead Zones: The Loss of Oxygen from Rivers, Lakes, Seas, and the Ocean

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197520376
eISBN:
9780197520406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520376.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

As this chapter shows, the open oceans are also running out of dissolved oxygen as seen at Station Papa in the subarctic Pacific Ocean, thanks to work done on Canadian weather ships starting in the ... More


Fits

Matthew Bevis

in Wordsworth's Fun

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226652054
eISBN:
9780226652221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226652221.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

If laughable echoes offer Wordsworth a spur to self-exploration and also a means to emblematize his own demands for poetry in relation to those of his audience, then "fits" are the vehicles for a ... More


Gas Supply and the Anaesthetic Machine

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

In Europe and other advanced medical communities, medical gases are generally supplied by pipeline, with cylinders available as back up. Large hospitals usually have oxygen supplied and stored in ... More


No Laughing Matter: Thomas Beddoes, Sr. (1760–1808)

Kenneth R. Johnston

in Unusual Suspects: Pitt's Reign of Alarm and the Lost Generation of the 1790s

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199657803
eISBN:
9780191771576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657803.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

In 1792, Thomas Beddoes, Sr. was nominated by the Oxford University chancellor to become the first holder of its Regius chair in Chemistry. But political blacklisting by anonymous detractors ... More


Generalized Scale Invariance

Adrian F. Tuck

in Atmospheric Turbulence: a molecular dynamics perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199236534
eISBN:
9780191917462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199236534.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Probability distributions plotted to date from large volumes of high quality atmospheric observations invariably have ‘long tails’: relatively rare but intense events make significant contributions ... More


The Atmospheric Component of Biogeochemical Cycles in the Amazon Basin

Paulo Artaxo

in The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195114317
eISBN:
9780197561140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195114317.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Tropical forests, with their high biological activity, have the potential to emit large amounts of trace gases and aerosol particles to the atmosphere. The accelerated development and land clearing ... More


Introduction

R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung

in Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195051346
eISBN:
9780197560976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195051346.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Earth, like the other inner planets, receives virtually all of its energy from space in the form of solar electromagnetic radiation. Its total heat content does not vary significantly with time, ... More


The Climate System

Andrew Harding and Jean Palutikof

in The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199268030
eISBN:
9780191919305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199268030.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The Mediterranean region has a highly distinctive climate due to its position between 30 and 45°N to the west of the Euro-Asian landmass. With respect to the global atmospheric system, it lies ... More


Carbon Storage in Biomass and Soils

Martial Bernoux and Marisa C. Piccolo

in The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195114317
eISBN:
9780197561140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195114317.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Carbon dioxide and methane integrate biogeochemical cycles of C and constitute, together with nitrous oxide, the main trace gases responsible for the greenhouse effect. Increasing interest in the ... More


Global Standards and the Environmental Performance of Industry

Michael T. Rock and David P. Angel

in Industrial Transformation in the Developing World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199270040
eISBN:
9780191919329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199270040.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

This chapter draws together the evidence of the last three chapters to consider the emergence of global standards as a driver of improvements in the environmental performance of industry. Our ... More


Visual Information and Valid Reasoning

Jon Barwise and John Etchemendy

in Logical Reasoning with Diagrams

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104271
eISBN:
9780197560983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195104271.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Psychologists have long been interested in the relationship between visualization and the mechanisms of human reasoning. Mathematicians have been aware of the value of diagrams and other visual ... More


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