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Suboxic respiration in the oceanic water column

Louis A. Codispoti, Tadashi Yoshinari, and Allan H. Devol

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Upon oxygen depletion, a suite of alternate oxidants supports microbial respiration and inhibits the onset of sulfate (SO4 2) reduction. Waters in this intermediate state are ... More


Supplementing the Soil

Edward Dallam Melillo

in Strangers On Familiar Soil: Rediscovering the Chile-California Connection

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300206623
eISBN:
9780300216486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206623.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes efforts to improve the fertility of California's soils. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, nitrogen depletion in California's soils was a major concern. ... More


June: The Thin Green Line

Ellen Wohl

in Saving the Dammed: Why We Need Beaver-Modified Ecosystems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190943523
eISBN:
9780197559949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190943523.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

June, when the snows come hurrying from the hills and the bridges often go, in the words of Emily Dickinson. In the beaver meadow, the snows are indeed hurrying from ... More


Rate Coefficients and Mechanisms for the Atmospheric Oxidation of the N-Atom-Containing Oxygenates

Jack Calvert, Abdelwahid Mellouki, John Orlando, Michael Pilling, and Timothy Wallington

in Mechanisms of Atmospheric Oxidation of the Oxygenates

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199767076
eISBN:
9780197563120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199767076.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

The many different nitrogen-containing oxygenated volatile organic compounds that are present in the troposphere play important roles in the chemistry of our ... More


Matter Falling Out: Precipitation

Peter Atkins

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

I shall now introduce you to one of the simplest kinds of chemical reaction: precipitation, the falling out from solution of newly formed solid, powdery ... More


Farming Facts

Lisa Kemmerer

in Eating Earth: Environmental Ethics and Dietary Choice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199391844
eISBN:
9780197562994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391844.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Cheap meat, dairy, and eggs are an illusion—we pay for each with depleted forests, polluted freshwater, soil degradation, and climate change. Diet is the most critical ... More


Principal Component Analysis Of Three -Way Data

Michael Edward Hohn

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Extension of conventional eigenvector analysis to three-way sets of data is possible through three-mode principal component analysis. First introduced in the 1960's, ... More


Good News: Research and Medicinal Chemists Making a Difference

Mark A. Griep and Marjorie L. Mikasen

in ReAction!: Chemistry in the Movies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195326925
eISBN:
9780197562536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195326925.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Stories of people doing their jobs well, treating each other with respect, and trying to make the world a better place are all examples of “good news.” Such stories ... More


Two Brilliant Careers

Lars Öhrström

in The Last Alchemist in Paris: And other curious tales from chemistry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199661091
eISBN:
9780191916885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199661091.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

At the time of publishing, it is exactly 50 years since Bob Dylan answered a number of enigmatic questions with the ambiguous line ‘the answer is blowin’ in the wind’ ... More


Irritating Atmospheres: Atmospheric Photochemistry

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0030
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The problem of photochemically generated smog begins inside internal combustion engines, where at the high temperatures within the combustion cylinders and ... More


The Triumph of Industrial Chemistry: The Industrial Response to Sir William Crookes

G. J. Leigh

in The World's Greatest Fix: A History of Nitrogen and Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165821
eISBN:
9780197562130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165821.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

In 1905, Sir William Crookes published a book entitled The Wheat Problem in which he reiterated what he had said in his British Association address of 1898. The ... More


Dysphagia

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

When a patient says ‘swallowing difficulty’, they could mean: • Dysphagia: difficulty swallowing. If they really mean dysphagia, try to understand when/where exactly ... More


Nitrogen, Threat or Benefaction? The Spectre at the Feast

G. J. Leigh

in The World's Greatest Fix: A History of Nitrogen and Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165821
eISBN:
9780197562130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165821.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The world today is a very different place from what it was in about 1900. It is a very different place from what it was even in the 1960s. This is not to say that the ... More


The Nitrogen Group

George K. Schweitzer and Lester L. Pesterfield

in The Aqueous Chemistry of the Elements

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393354
eISBN:
9780197562772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393354.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The Nitrogen Group of the Periodic Table contains the elements nitrogen N, phosphorus P, arsenic As, antimony Sb, and bismuth Bi. The outer electron structure ns2np3 ... More


Photodecomposition of Light-Absorbing Oxygenates and Its Influence on Ozone Levels in the Atmosphere

Jack G. Calvert, John J. Orlando, William R. Stockwell, and Timothy J. Wallington

in The Mechanisms of Reactions Influencing Atmospheric Ozone

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190233020
eISBN:
9780197559529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190233020.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Photochemistry provides the important driving force that initiates chemistry in the atmosphere. We saw in Chapter II how light absorbed by ozone generates the ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on the Marine Source of Atmospherically Active Trace Gases

Frances Hopkins and Philip Nightingale

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

A wide range of trace gases, including dimethyl sulphide (DMS) and organohalogens, are formed in the surface oceans via biological and/or photochemical processes. ... More


Watershed Hydrology and Chemistry in the Alaskan Boreal Forest: The Central Role of Permafrost

Larry D. Hinzman and Kevin C. Petrone

in Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154313
eISBN:
9780197561928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154313.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Hydrological processes exert strong control over biological and climatic processes in every ecosystem. They are particularly important in the boreal zone, ... More


Soil Organic Matter and Nutrient Dynamics of Shortgrass Steppe Ecosystems

Ingrid C. Burke and Arvin R. Mosier

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Since the days of the IBP, there has been a strong emphasis on research about the biogeochemistry of shortgrass steppe ecosystems (e.g., Clark, 1977; ... More


The Shortgrass Steppe and Ecosystem Modeling

William J. Parton and Stephen J. Del Grosso

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Ecological modeling has played a key role in scientific investigations of the SGS LTER during the past several decades. The SGS LTER site, focused ... More


The Carbon System and Several Useful Procedures

James C. G. Walker

in Numerical Adventures with Geochemical Cycles

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195045208
eISBN:
9780197560020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195045208.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The routines developed in previous chapters can be used to simulate a variety of interesting systems in geochemical dynamics and global change. In addition to these ... More


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