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Amoeba Innovation: The Alternative to Ventures

Robert Kneller

in Bridging Islands: Venture Companies and the Future of Japanese and American Industry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268801
eISBN:
9780191699283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

In Japan, it has been more common for new technical opportunities to be exploited by established companies moving into new fields. This chapter examines this phenomenon and tries to explain the ... More


Situating the First Puzzle: Why So Few Migrants and Why So Many?

Thomas Faist

in The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293910
eISBN:
9780191685002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Before turning to how relative immobility and chain migration proceed, there is a need to explain how macro-conditions set the stage for ‘Why so few out of most places?’ and ‘Why so many out of very ... More


Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945

Donald M. MacRaild and Malcolm Smith

in Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583119
eISBN:
9780191744822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Ulster in the seventeenth century was a province of aggressive inward migration. In the succeeding three centuries it was a region of net outward migration. The descendants of the Scottish and ... More


John McGahern

Melvyn Bragg

in John McGahern: Authority and Vision

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526100566
eISBN:
9781526132321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100566.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This very short chapter works as a sort of homage to McGahern the generous friend, writer and interviewee. Taking as a starting point an interview conducted by Melvyn Bragg for the then newly-formed ... More


Intrusions: Newcomers

Lawrence Stone and Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone

in An Open Elite?: England 1540-1880

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206071
eISBN:
9780191676963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206071.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explains that the elite families were very successful at adopting survival strategies that insured continuity. They were constantly being nudged by newcomers anxious to make their way ... More


Profile of a Landed Elite

Lawrence Stone and Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone

in An Open Elite?: England 1540-1880

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206071
eISBN:
9780191676963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206071.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Based on materials supplied in the previous chapters, it is now possible to stand back and draw a profile of the landed elite in three countries over a 340-year span. The composition and structure of ... More


Newcomer Innovation in Work Teams

John M. Levine, Hoon-Seok Choi, and Richard L. Moreland

in Group Creativity: Innovation through Collaboration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195147308
eISBN:
9780199893720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147308.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter emphasizes the social nature of newcomer innovation in work teams, focusing on the reciprocal roles that newcomers and oldtimers play in producing innovation. The analysis was based on ... More


Language Contact in Spanish in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Predictions are made regarding groups that should differ in pronoun occurrence rates if language contact is shaping Spanish in New York. Distinctions are made between partially overlapping but ... More


Performing Identities on Saint Martin and Sint Maarten

Francio Guadeloupe

in Chanting Down the New Jerusalem: Calypso, Christianity, and Capitalism in the Caribbean

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254886
eISBN:
9780520942639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254886.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter clarifies the relationship between the newcomers and the locals. It centers on the small segment of the population that claims autochthony and tries to understand the skillful use of ... More


Boosterism Breeds Suburbanization: Bunkerton

Cynthia Loula

in Newcomers to Old Towns: Suburbanization of the Heartland

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226734125
eISBN:
9780226734118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226734118.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter presents a case study of the role of boosterism in the suburbanization process in the rural town of Bunkerton, Illinois. After decades of decline, merchant-led initiatives achieved a ... More


A Shabby, Dying Town: Splitville

Jane B. Tornatore

in Newcomers to Old Towns: Suburbanization of the Heartland

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226734125
eISBN:
9780226734118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226734118.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter presents a case study of the failure of newcomers to make significant influence on the rural town of Splitville, Illinois. It discusses the struggle between village status groups ... More


Provincialism

Josiah Royce

in Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems: Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231324
eISBN:
9780823235568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231324.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter defines “provincialism” in two ways: as any social disposition, custom, or form of speech which is characteristic of a province; and the fondness and pride ... More


Beyond Pioneering: Social Homesteaders as Uneasy Gentrifiers

Japonica Brown-Saracino

in A Neighborhood That Never Changes: Gentrification, Social Preservation, and the Search for Authenticity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076621
eISBN:
9780226076645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076645.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter begins by introducing two pioneers as background and contrast to the social homesteaders who are its focus. The first is Fred, a white gay man in his fifties who owns several prominent ... More


Pressured Proletarian Island: Bermondsey

Peter Hall

in London voices, London lives: Tales from a working capital

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349842
eISBN:
9781447302711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349842.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses Bermondsey, an area of London to the east of London Bridge station and past London's new riverside City Hall. Like Battersea, people in Bermondsey stated that they have seen ... More


Telling Others How to Act

Frank Noack

in Veit Harlan: The Life and Work of a Nazi Filmmaker

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167008
eISBN:
9780813167794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167008.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter deals with Harlan’s sudden and successful switch from acting to directing, despite no experience in the latter field. Fortunately for him, the void left by emigrated directors is not as ... More


Gender and Professional Commitment among IT Professionals: The Special Case of Female Newcomers to Organizations

Kathryn M. Bartol, Ian O. Williamson, and Gosia A. Langa

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter first considers the extent to which gender differences in professional commitment exist among IT students preparing to leave their undergraduate programs and enter the workforce. It then ... More


Solidarity for Newcomers, Health for All

Patricia Illingworth and Wendy E. Parmet

in Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814789216
eISBN:
9780814760826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789216.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

For the sake of argument, this chapter accepts that nations have the right to control their borders; nonetheless, it shows that arguments that limit immigrants’ access to health care are ... More


YEPP I: key changes in YEPP Local Programme Sites

Peter Evans and Angelika Krüger

in Youth and community empowerment in Europe: International perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447305910
eISBN:
9781447307754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305910.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

A longitudinal design is used to identify the key changes that occurred in the Local Programme Sites (LPSs), based on data provided by both the internal and external evaluations, are described based ... More


The New Kids in (Stuy)Town: Luxury or Liability?

Rachael A. Woldoff, Lisa M. Morrison, and Michael R. Glass

in Priced Out: Stuyvesant Town and the Loss of Middle-Class Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479812462
eISBN:
9781479840373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479812462.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The focus on Stuyvesant Town’s social dynamics continues in chapter 6. We describe the market-rate tenants, outlining their diverse subgroupings and the ways in which they differ from longtime ... More


Early Laws: 1930–1990

in Knowledge as Power: Criminal Registration and Community Notification Laws in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757102
eISBN:
9780804771399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757102.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter traces the evolution of American criminal registration laws, starting in the 1930s when cities and counties rushed to enact laws. While motivated by fear of an increasingly mobile and ... More


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