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New Pathogens, and Morality

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the nonexistence of demons and the microorganisms in new medicine and examines the pathogens in new medicine. Cold, dampness, wind, heat, dryness, immoderation or excesses in ... More


Medicine without Pharmaceutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Modern Western medicine came into being in the nineteenth century. All normal and sick processes in the body at that time were researched using chemical and physical methods and they were explained ... More


The Wheel of Progress Turns No More

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0040
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The medicine that had developed from the pre-Socratic philosophers of nature and which had gone through a significant development between reality and plausibility now lost its importance. The ... More


The Birth of Chinese Medicine

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on a completely innovative etiology (theory of the causation of illness) that is described in the writings of the Yellow Thearch. Demons and spirits are not considered at all ... More


Dynamic Ideas and Faded Model Images

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0030
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The new medicines in both Greece and China took their model images from their creators' living environments. This new medicine had an idea of the body, but the model image for it was not the body ... More


Farewell to Demons and Spirits

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0018
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the disappearance of demons and microorganisms from teachings on the causation of illnesses and the understanding of the pharmaceutical tradition and examines the question of ... More


The Real Heritage of Antiquity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0054
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the work of Abbess Hildegard von Bingen. She linked surviving elements of the ancient humoral and elements doctrines with fundamental ideas of Christian theology in her text ... More


Medicine Independent of Theology

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0074
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

British physician's journal Lancet proclaimed in 1850: “Medicine Independent of Theology.” The decisions makers focused on two factors, the reliability and reproducibility of knowledge during that ... More


The Beginning of Medicine in Greece

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0023
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The origin of medicine is apparent from other ancient texts such as from a document with the ambitious title “The Nature of Man”. One of the texts was dedicated to “falling sickness,” or epilepsy ... More


The Division of the Elite

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on a radical breakthrough into the knowledge of new medicine. It happened in antiquity, when technical media were still quite limited. All body processes had to be visible from ... More


Renaming and Rebirth

Antonio M. Gotto and Jennifer Moon

in Weill Cornell Medicine: A History of Cornell's Medical School

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702136
eISBN:
9781501703676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702136.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter presents how Cornell University Medical College (CUMC) was reborn as the Weill Cornell Medical College. A generous donation from Sanford Weill, chair of the board of overseers, and his ... More


Durable and Fragile Cage Bars

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0065
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter gives an overview on the introduction of a term, gas. Van Helmont, a Paracelsus' student, not only coined the term but clearly defined it. He conducted experiments to find out more about ... More


Virchow: The Man of Death as the Interpreter of Life

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0075
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Rudolph Virchow (1821–1902), a physician who had made the assessment of death the focus of his daily routine, was the first to interpret life. Renato G. Mazzolini, a historian, addressed Virchow's ... More


“Case City Number One”: Urban Renewal and the Newark Uprising

Julia Rabig

in The Fixers: Devolution, Development, and Civil Society in Newark, 1960-1990

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388311
eISBN:
9780226388458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388458.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the decades before the 1967 uprising, city leaders called for a “New Newark” of white-collar employers and highways to replace downtrodden neighborhoods and retain the middle-class. Officials ... More


Introduction

Andreas-Holger Maehle

in Contesting Medical Confidentiality: Origins of the Debate in the United States, Britain, and Germany

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226404820
eISBN:
9780226404967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226404967.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Starting with a disciplinary case of the New York Academy of Medicine against the surgeon J. Marion Sims in 1869/70, this introduction gives examples of typical problems with medical confidentiality. ... More


Safe, Effective, and Affordable Health Care for a Bulging Population

Robyn Norton

in Is the Planet Full?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199677771
eISBN:
9780191757235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677771.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the escalating cost of health care in Chapter 9. Instead of focusing on the considerable dangers posed by contagious disease (as others have done), the chapter focuses on the ... More


Gray Matter: The Obscure Pleasures of Medical Libraries

Mark Dery

in I Must Not Think Bad Thoughts: Drive-by Essays on American Dread, American Dreams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677733
eISBN:
9781452948324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677733.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter describes medical libraries and their collection of what science fiction writer J. G. Ballard calls “invisible literature,” his term for medical textbooks, scientific journals, technical ... More


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