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Stellar Superfluids

D. Page, J. M. Lattimer, M. Prakash, and A. W. Steiner

in Novel Superfluids: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198719267
eISBN:
9780191788529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719267.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The roles of neutron superfluidity and proton superconductivity in neutron stars are discussed, focusing on both thermal evolution (i.e., cooling) as well as the dynamical evolution (i.e., ... More


The Progenitors of Gamma-Ray Bursts

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the object or objects responsible for gramma-ray bursts (GRBs). Until now, there are few absolute certainties with regard to the progenitors of GRBs. One clear standout is the ... More


Crunch

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Under the influence of its own gravity, a large body will collapse until the gravitational force is balanced by the internal pressure. For large mass, the gravitational force is so great that atoms ... More


Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Nils Andersson

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book provides an introduction to gravitational-wave astronomy and a survey of the physics required to understand recent breakthrough discoveries and the potential of future experiments. The ... More


Beyond existence

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Gravity is responsible not only for the existence of stars and planets; it also creates the weirdest objects imaginable. A body with mass greater than 1.4 solar masses cannot remain a white dwarf and ... More


4 Applications

Michele Maggiore

in Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses some important applications of the formalism previously developed. It describes the inspiral of compact binaries, and shows how the backreaction caused by GW emission affects ... More


Compact objects

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

When a star is near the end of its lifetime, and all of its fuel is used up, there is no longer enough outwards pressure due to radiation to resist the inwards pull of gravity and the star starts to ... More


Building mountains

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Different ways of generating continuous gravitational waves from a deformed rotating neutron star are discussed, starting with the physics of the neutron star crust and the modelling of elasticity ... More


Pairing and superfluidity of nucleons in neutron stars

A. Gezerlis, C. J. Pethick, and A. Schwenk

in Novel Superfluids: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198719267
eISBN:
9780191788529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719267.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter surveys the current status of understanding of pairing and superfluidity of neutrons and protons in neutron stars from a theoretical perspective, with emphasis on basic physical ... More


Stars

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter gives a concise account of stellar theory. The Sun is presented as a starting point for the study of stars and a test-bed for theories of stellar structure. The Herzsprung–Russell ... More


Equations of Motion in General Relativity

Hideki Asada, Toshifumi Futamase, and Peter Hogan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199584109
eISBN:
9780191723421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584109.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book focuses attention on two aspects of equations of motion in general relativity: the motion of extended bodies(stars) and the motion of small black holes. The objective is to offer a guide to ... More


Towards the extreme

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The main aspects of neutron star physics are discussed, including the problem of determing the equation of state from first principles (using a simple matter model as example). Available ... More


Anatomy of a merger

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the different stages of an inspiralling neutron star binary system, through the formation of a black hole and the possible emergence of a gamma-ray burst. Tidal effects and the ... More


The universe: its structure and evolution

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts by emphasizing that we can construct a picture of the universe as a whole only by extrapolating the laws of physics as we know them on earth to conditions almost unimaginably ... More


Survey of some novel superfluids

J. B. Ketterson and K. H. Bennemann

in Novel Superfluids: Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199585915
eISBN:
9780191747526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585915.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter briefly reviews some of the work on trapped gases along with a discussion of some other superfluid systems including: photons, excitons, and magnons. It also takes up astrophysical ... More


SNe, SNRs and Pulsars

F. Richard Stephenson and David A. Green

in Historical Supernovae and their Remnants

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507666
eISBN:
9780191709876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter provides a brief overview of the properties of novae and SNe, SNRs, and pulsars to supply background for the discussions of the historical SNe and their remnants in later chapters. ... More


The stellar graveyard

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the different classes of compact objects—white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes—that are relevant for gravitational-wave astronomy. The ideas are placed in the context ... More


5 GW generation by post-Newtonian sources

Michele Maggiore

in Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how to go beyond the limit of sources moving in flat space-time. For a self-gravitating system such as a binary star, assuming that space-time is flat means that its dynamics ... More


Spinning stars and cosmic recycling

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers the relevance of rotating stars as gravitational-wave sources, introducing the notion of a deformed spinning star and estimating the associated gravitational-wave strength ... More


LIGO/Virgo Listens to Neutron Stars

John W. Moffat

in The Shadow of the Black Hole

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190650728
eISBN:
9780197517383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650728.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

On August 8, 2017, LIGO/Virgo detected the merging of two neutron stars 130 million light years away. Just 1.7 seconds later, the Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope received an optical signal—a short ... More


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