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The basic principles and experimental configurations of neutron diffraction experiments

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

in Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The basic principles and experimental configurations of neutron diffraction experiments are given in this chapter. First, the physics of neutrons and neutron diffraction, such as neutron-scattering ... More


Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Rolf Hempelmann

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book provides an account of quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) which has made many important contributions to the atomistic elucidation of diffusion processes in solids. The unique feature of ... More


Introduction

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the basic idea of quasielastic neutron scattering as a probe for diffusion processes in condensed matter. Neutron scattering and solid state diffusion have in common that they ... More


The basic theory of neutron scattering

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses ways to describe theoretically neutron scattering as a probe for condensed matter, first the scattering on a rigidly bound and isolated nucleus by the neutron-nucleus ... More


STRUCTURE FACTOR

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the theory of the static structure factor, which is closely related to the underlying fluid structure, is described. Different methods of calculating this quantity are presented, ... More


Structural Crystallography and Phase Transitions

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses structural crystallography and phase transitions. If all atoms in a crystal were exactly at their official lattice sites and there were no order-disorder ambiguity as to the ... More


Practical Aspects of Neutron Scattering

Andrew T. Boothroyd

in Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, aspects of the planning and optimization of a neutron scattering experiment are covered, including attenuation, multiple scattering, data normalization, counting statistics, ... More


SPECTROSCOPIC PROPERTIES

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Matters within the realm of spectroscopy—the interaction of molecules with radiation—are considered. The treatment focuses on three areas: the absorption and emission of infrared light, the ... More


Nuclear Scattering

Andrew T. Boothroyd

in Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains an overview of the different types of structural dynamics found in condensed matter, and the associated neutron scattering cross-sections. The scattering dynamics of the ... More


Motion of particles

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins by describing and interpreting experiments with both negative and positive ions. It continues with the results of neutron scattering and concludes with a note on scattering by ... More


INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH NON-CONDUCTING CRYSTALS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the interaction of light with non-conducting crystals. Topics covered include infrared absorption, X-ray diffraction, effect of atomic vibrations, scattering of light, and ... More


Diffraction of Electrons and Neutrons

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Principles of Materials Characterization and Metrology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198830252
eISBN:
9780191868665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830252.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Electron scattering, significantly stronger than that for X-rays, is sensitive to surfaces and small volumes of materials. Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) provides information on surface ... More


The basics of X-ray and neutron scattering

D. S. Sivia

in Elementary Scattering Theory: For X-ray and Neutron Users

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199228676
eISBN:
9780191775116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228676.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter discusses the basic concepts of X-ray and neutron scattering. For purposes of simplicity, the discussion will initially be limited to the case where there is no exchange of energy in the ... More


OBSERVATION OF MICROSCOPIC MAGNETISM

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to the observation of microscopic magnetism, working out in some detail the most commonly used magnetic techniques. The basic aspects of these techniques are only briefly ... More


Elastic, thermal, and lattice dynamical properties

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter focuses on those effects that depend on small displacements of atoms from their equilibrium sites. It starts with the theory of anisotropic elasticity as applied to a crystalline ... More


Neutron and photon scattering

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the structure of 3He-4He mixtures with neutrons. It focuses on thermal neutron studies of the quasiparticle excitation spectrum and structure functions. It begins with the ... More


Magnetic Scattering: General Properties

Andrew T. Boothroyd

in Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The basic theory of magnetic scattering is presented. A response function for magnetic scattering is defined, and expressed in terms partial response functions. The relation between the partial ... More


Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Andrew T. Boothroyd

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book contains a comprehensive account of the theory and application of neutron scattering for the study of the structure and dynamics of condensed matter. All the principal experimental ... More


Solid ionic conductors

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents incoherent QENS studies performed on Li+, Na+, H-, and Cl- ions. Purely coherent QENS concerns F- and O2- conductors, whereas for Ag+ a mixture of coherent and incoherent QENS ... More


Diffraction in the Static Approximation

Andrew T. Boothroyd

in Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The basic principles of crystallography are reviewed, including the lattice, basis and reciprocal lattice. The Bragg diffraction law and Laue equation, which describe coherent scattering from a ... More


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