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Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book deals with neutrino physics and astrophysics — a field in which some of the most exciting recent developments in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology took place. The book discusses ... More


Gamma-Ray Bursts as Probes of the Universe

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on how gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are emerging as unique tools in the study of broad areas of astronomy and physics by virtue of their special properties. The unassailable fact ... More


Relic Neutrinos

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of relic neutrinos with detailed treatment of neutrino decoupling, electron-positron annihilation, neutrino temperature, energy density of light massive neutrinos, ... More


Terrestrial Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments and goes into detail on the following: sensitivity, reactor experiments (short-baseline experiments, the ... More


Historical Introduction

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a review of the main events in the history of neutrino physics. This book discusses all the topics important to the understanding of the nature of neutrinos such as what they ... More


Theory Of Neutrino Oscillations In Vacuum

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuums and discusses in detail plane-wave approximation (flavour neutrino states, universality of the oscillation phase, Lorentz ... More


Phenomenology Of Three-Neutrino Mixing

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing and explains neutrino oscillations in vacuum (CP and T violations, hierarchy of Delta m2s, trimaximal mixing, and bilarge ... More


‘Think of something better’

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a discussion of developments in physics from the 1950s onwards. It then discusses Salam's studies on the neutrino. In January 1957, Salam became Professor of Applied ... More


Forces of Nature

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A remarkable result of modern science has been to show that not only all forms of matter can be ascribed to a few fundamental elements, but also all natural phenomena, in their variety and ... More


The expanding universe and thermal relics

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The dynamics of a changing universe are determined by Friedmann equations, which have simple quasi-Newtonian interpretations. The universe began hot and dense (the big bang), and thereafter expanded ... More


The new ETH professor

Charles P. Enz

in No Time to be Brief: A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198564799
eISBN:
9780191713835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564799.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the two important papers Pauli wrote with Heisenberg. The activity was stimulated by Dirac who on 2 February 1927 submitted his first paper on quantum ... More


The one world: physis and psyche

Charles P. Enz

in No Time to be Brief: A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198564799
eISBN:
9780191713835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564799.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins with a description of Pauli’s letters to Jung expressing his dissatisfaction with the science enterprise. It then details his vision of gauge field theory, neutrinos, and his ... More


Neutrino Interactions

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of neutrino interactions with detailed discussion of neutrino-electron interactions (elastic scattering and quasielastic scattering), electron-positron annihilation ... More


Massive Neutrinos

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of massive neutrinos. Topics covered include Dirac masses, Majorana neutrinos, Dirac–Majorana mass term (Dirac limit, pseudo-Dirac neutrinos, and the see-saw ... More


Neutrino Oscillations In Vacuum

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces neutrino oscillations in vacuum with a detailed derivation followed by a discussion of CPT, CP, and T transformations, types of neutrino oscillation experiments, averaged ... More


Neutrino Oscillations In Matter

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of neutrino oscillations in matter and explains effective potentials in matter, evolution of neutrino flavours, the MSW effect, slab approximation, parametric ... More


Solar Neutrinos

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of solar neutrinos with detailed treatment of the following: thermonuclear energy production, standard solar models, model-independent constraints on solar neutrino ... More


Atmospheric Neutrinos

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of atmospheric neutrinos and covers topics such as flux of atmospheric neutrinos, atmospheric neutrino experiments (Kamiokande, IMB, Super-Kamiokande, Soudan 2, and ... More


Supernova Neutrinos

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of supernova neutrinos and goes into detail on topics such as supernova types, supernova rates, core-collapse supernova dynamics, SN1987A (Kamiokande-II, IMB, and ... More


Silver Halide Nanocrystals and Nuclear Particle Detectors

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

AgX grains in nuclear-truck emulsions for analyzing neutrino oscillation by the OPERA project and for detecting unknown nuclear particles (i.e., dark matter) are characterized in the classification ... More


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