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All in the Brain?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the question of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and examines the relationship between neuroscience and psychiatry from this perspective. Despite the penetrating gaze of ... More


Neuropsychiatry: The Breakthrough in Psychopharmacology

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter traces the development of neuropsychiatry. Before 1950 the means to ameliorate psychiatric disorders were limited to psychoanalysis, on the one hand, and extreme treatments such as ... More


Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The brain sciences are influencing our understanding of human behavior as never before, from neuropsychiatry and neuroeconomics to neurotheology and neuroaesthetics. Many now believe that the brain ... More


Introduction to Neuroergonomics

Raja Parasuraman and Matthew Rizzo

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of some examples of neuroergonomics research. It then discusses the conceptual, theoretical, and philosophical issues in neuroergonomics; methods ... More


Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Katja Guenther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Localization and Its Discontents provides a historical approach to the relationship between the “psy” and “neuro” disciplines, in particular psychoanalysis and neurology. Despite their opposition, ... More


In the Morgue: Theodor Meynert, Pathological Anatomy, and the Social Structure of Dissection

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how Theodor Meynert's appeal to a version of reflex physiology allowed him to participate in the new enthusiasm for pathological anatomy in Vienna medicine, which had risen to ... More


In the Lecture Theater: Reflex and Diagnosis in Carl Wernicke’s Krankenvorstellungen

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter two shows how the reshaping of the medical landscape after Bismarck's insurance reforms in 1883 opened up space for a challenge to the localization project. Though Carl Wernicke made his name ... More


Recognition and reality

Andrew W. Young

in Face and Mind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524205
eISBN:
9780191689161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524205.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An intriguing set of issues arises from work in cognitive neuropsychiatry, and these are touched on in this chapter. They include what makes people's percepts normally seem so real to them. Delusions ... More


Neuroethics in Practice

Anjan Chatterjee and Martha J. Farah (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroethics is concerned with the wide array of ethical, legal, and social issues that are raised in research and practice. The field has grown rapidly over the last five years, becoming an active ... More


From Madness to Mental Illness, 1928-1935

Emily Baum

in The Invention of Madness: State, Society, and the Insane in Modern China

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226580616
eISBN:
9780226580753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226580753.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the growing influence of neuropsychiatry in 1930s Beijing. Focusing on the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC), an American teaching hospital funded by the Rockefeller ... More


The Neuropsychiatrist

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this chapter, McCulloch’s identity as a neuropsychiatrist is situated in the context of an eclectic American psychiatry following the Second World War. It argues that McCulloch’s identity as a ... More


Models, Mechanisms, and Cognitive Theories

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the way to explain delusion in terms of neurobiology is via a cognitive theory. It first considers an influential objection to the project of cognitive theorizing—explaining ... More


Preventing the Inevitable: John Appel and the Problem of Psychiatric Casualties in the US Army during World War II

Rebecca Jo Plant

in Science and Emotions after 1945: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226126340
eISBN:
9780226126517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226126517.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter draws on Barbara Rosenswein's concept of “emotional communities,” to analyze competing views on neuropsychiatric casualties during World War II, focusing on psychiatrist John W. Appel, ... More


Comparators and Weightings: Neurocognitive Accounts of Agency

Matthis Synofzik

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Research on the neurocognitive underpinnings and disruptions of the sense of agency has been greatly inspired by a simple computational account of agency: the comparator model. However, this account ... More


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